View of Sztum
|• Mayor||Leszek Jan Tabor|
|• Total||4.59 km2 (1.77 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||+48 55|
Signs of settlement dating back to the Roman Empire era have been found. In the early Middle Ages, a fortified settlement of the Prussian people existed at the site, conquered by the Teutonic Knights in 1236. City rights were granted to the settlement in 1416 and confirmed by King Sigismund II Augustus in 1553.
In the beginning of the Thirteen Years' War the town sided with the Prussian Confederation, at the request of which the region was incorporated into Poland by King Casimir IV Jagiellon. The castle, which initially remained in the hands of the Teutonic Knights, was captured after a siege in 1454, but later it was taken over by the Teutonic Knights again. In 1466 by the Second Peace of Toruń the town was integrated with the Kingdom of Poland. As part of Poland, the town functioned as a seat of Sztum powiat in Malbork Voivodeship (1466-1772) and a place to hold local court sessions. The Sztum castle was the seat of the local starosts. In 1635 the Treaty of Stuhmsdorf was signed in the village of Stuhmsdorf/Sztumska Wieś, just south of Sztum.
According to the Treaty of Versailles, after World War I the inhabitants of the town and its district were asked whether they want to remain in Germany or join the new Second Polish Republic in the East Prussian plebiscite of 1920. Ultimately, in the district of Stuhm 19,984 votes were counted to remain in Germany and 4,904 votes for Poland Based on that result Stuhm was included in the Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder within East Prussia. In the interwar period, Sztum remained one of the main centers of the Polish community in the area.
After World War II the area was placed under Polish administration by the Potsdam Agreement under territorial changes demanded by the Soviet Union. Germans fled or were expelled and replaced with Poles expelled from the Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union or forced to settle in the area through Operation Vistula in 1947.
In 1837 the county of Sztum (including the town) had 28536 inhabitants, of whom 15512 (54%) Germans and 13024 (46%) Poles. Acccording to the German census of 1910, the county was at that time 43% Polish and 57% German (Polish estimates claimed the real share of ethnic Poles in 1910 was 52%).
Number of inhabitants by year
- Emil Stumpp (1886–1941) a German painter teacher and artist known for his cartoons and drawings of well-known people including an unfavourable one in 1933 of Adolf Hitler
- Goetz Oertel (born 1934) an American physicist and science manager
- Richard Nowakowski (born 1955) a retired boxer, competed for East Germany, silver medallist 1976 Summer Olympics and bronze medallist 1980 Summer Olympics
- Jacek Frąckiewicz (born 1969) a former Polish footballer, 169 pro games
- Monika Merl (born 1979) a German 800 metres runner
- Wojciech Tyszyński (born 1984) a Polish sprint canoer competed in the 2008 Summer Olympics
- Wojciech Zyska (born 1994) a Polish footballer
- Katarzyna Janiszewska (born 1995) a Polish handball player
- Joanna Kozłowska (born 1995) a Polish handball player
Sztum is twinned with:
- Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, Tom XII, Warsaw, 1892, p. 53
- Rocznik statystyki Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej Archived 2007-06-09 at the Wayback Machine(pdf, 623 KB). Główny Urząd Statystyczny Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej GUS, Annual (Main Statistical Office of the Republic of Poland) (1920/1922, part II)
- von Haxthausen, August (1839). Die ländliche verfassung in den einzelnen provinzen der Preussischen Monarchie (in German). Königsberg: Gebrüder Borntraeger Verlagsbuchhandlung. pp. 78–81.
- Johann Friedrich Goldbeck: Volständige Topographie des Königreichs Preußen. Part II, Marienwerder 1789, p. 19.
- Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon, 6th edition, Vol. 8, Leipzig and Vienna 1907, p. 251.
- Michael Rademacher: Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Provinz Westpreußen, Kreis Stuhm (2006).
- August Eduard Preuß: Preußische Landes- und Volkskunde. Königsberg 1835, p. 444, no. 59.