Târnava River

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Târnava River
Küküllő, Kokel
Raul Tarnava.jpg
Location
CountryRomania
RegionTransylvania
CountiesAlba County
Physical characteristics
SourceJunction of the Târnava Mare and the Târnava Mică
 - locationBlaj, Romania
 - coordinates46°10′18″N 23°53′35″E / 46.17167°N 23.89306°E / 46.17167; 23.89306
MouthMureș
 - location
Teiuş, Romania
 - coordinates
46°9′16″N 23°41′56″E / 46.15444°N 23.69889°E / 46.15444; 23.69889Coordinates: 46°9′16″N 23°41′56″E / 46.15444°N 23.69889°E / 46.15444; 23.69889
Length23 km (14 mi)
Basin size6,253 km2 (2,414 sq mi)
Discharge 
 - average25 m3/s (880 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 - leftTârnava Mare
 - rightTârnava Mică
ProgressionMureșTiszaDanubeBlack Sea

The Târnava (fully Romanian: Râul Târnava, Hungarian: Küküllő; German: Kokel; Turkish: Kokul or Kokulu) is a river in Romania. It is formed by the confluence of the Târnava Mare and Târnava Mică in the town of Blaj. The Târnava flows into the Mureș after 23 km,[1] near the town of Teiuş. Tributaries of the Târnava, besides its two source rivers Târnava Mare and Târnava Mică, are the Tiur, Izvorul Iezerului and Secaș from the left and the Șoimuș from the right. Its drainage basin covers an area of 6,253 km2 (2,414 sq mi).[2]:22

Etymology[edit]

Romanian: Târnava
Küküllő Hungarian: kökényes

The name Târnava is of Slavic origin, from trn,[3] meaning "thorn".

The Hungarian name Küküllő is of Old Turkic origin from Kukel meaning sloe, and is thought to be given by the Avars.

References[edit]

  • Administrația Națională a Apelor Române - Cadastrul Apelor - București
  • Institutul de Meteorologie și Hidrologie - Rîurile României - București 1971