Târnava River

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"Târnava" redirects here. For other uses, see Târnava (disambiguation).
Târnava River
Küküllő, Kokel
River
Countries Romania
Region Transylvania
Counties Alba County
Tributaries
 - left Târnava Mare
 - right Târnava Mică
Source Junction of the Târnava Mare and the Târnava Mică
 - location Blaj, Romania
 - coordinates 46°10′18″N 23°53′35″E / 46.17167°N 23.89306°E / 46.17167; 23.89306
Mouth Mureș
 - location Teiuş, Romania
 - coordinates 46°9′16″N 23°41′56″E / 46.15444°N 23.69889°E / 46.15444; 23.69889Coordinates: 46°9′16″N 23°41′56″E / 46.15444°N 23.69889°E / 46.15444; 23.69889
Length 28 km (17 mi)
Basin 6,253 km2 (2,414 sq mi)
Discharge
 - average 25 m3/s (883 cu ft/s)
Progression MureșTiszaDanubeBlack Sea

The Târnava (fully Romanian: Râul Târnava, Hungarian: Küküllő; German: Kokel; Turkish: Kokul or Kokulu) is a river in Romania. It is formed by the confluence of the Târnava Mare and Târnava Mică in the town of Blaj. The Târnava flows into the Mureș after 28 km, near the town of Teiuş. Tributaries of the Târnava, besides its two source rivers Târnava Mare and Târnava Mică, are the Tiur, Izvorul Iezerului and Secaș from the left and the Șoimuș from the right. Its drainage basin covers an area of 6,253 km2 (2,414 sq mi).[1]:22

Etymology[edit]

Romanian: Târnava
Küküllő Hungarian: kökényes

The name Târnava is of Slavic origin, from trn,[2] meaning "thorn".

The Hungarian name Küküllő is of Old Turkic origin from Kukel meaning sloe, and is thought to be given by the Avars.

References[edit]

  • Administrația Națională a Apelor Române - Cadastrul Apelor - București
  • Institutul de Meteorologie și Hidrologie - Rîurile României - București 1971