Tabernaemontana sananho

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Tabernaemontana sananho
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Tabernaemontana
T. sananho
Binomial name
Tabernaemontana sananho
  • Bonafousia sananho (Ruiz & Pav.) Markgr.
  • Merizadenia sananho (Ruiz & Pav.) Miers
  • Taberna poeppigii (Müll.Arg.) Miers
  • Tabernaemontana poeppigii Müll.Arg.

Tabernaemontana sananho is a tropical tree species in the family Apocynaceae known as lobo sanango. Lobo sanango grows in the Amazon Basin of northern South America.

Chemical composition[edit]

The plant is reported to contain coronaridine, 3-hydroxycoronaridine, (-)-heyneanine, (-)-ibogamine and voacangine.[2]

Traditional use[edit]

In Amazonian traditional medicine, preparations of the leaves, pulp, bark, and latex are either applied topically or taken internally to treat various conditions.[3]: 164 [4]: 685  Extracts from the tree are antiinflammatory[5] and effective against the protozoan Leishmania.[6]

In Peru, this tree is sometimes known by the Spanish–Quechua name lobo sanango ("wolf plant") or simply as sanango. Throughout the Amazon the species has numerous other aliases in several languages.[7] The Secoya people of Ecuador call this plant baĩ su'u and put the sticky liquid from the fruit into dogs' noses so they can "smell far in hunting." They also eat the fruit of baĩ su'u.[8]: 5 

Taxonomy and phylogeny[edit]

T. sananho is one of 126 species recognized by the Catalogue of Life as of March 2021. Phylogenetic studies suggest T. markgrafiana to be its closest relative with the following phylogenetic relationships:[9]

T. alba

T. citrifolia

T. amygdalifolia

T. columbiensis

T. sananho

T. markgrafiana

T. siphilitica

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Tabernaemontana sananho Ruiz & Pav.". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 22 May 2014 – via The Plant List.
  2. ^ Carmen X. Luzuriaga-Quichimbo; Trinidad Ruiz-Téllez; José Blanco-Salas; Carlos E. Cerón Martínez. "Scientific validation of the traditional knowledge of Sikta (Tabernaemontana sananho, Apocynaceae) in the Canelo-Kichwa Amazonian community". Retrieved 28 March 2022.
  3. ^ Duke, Alan James; Vasquez Martinez, Rodolfo (1994). Amazonian Ethnobotanical Dictionary. Boca Raton: CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-3664-3. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  4. ^ Duke, James A.; Bogenschutz–Godwin, Mary Jo; Ottesen, Andrea R. (2009). Duke's Handbook of Medicinal Plants of Latin America. Boca Raton: CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4200-4316-7. OCLC 214300039. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  5. ^ De Las Heras, B; Slowing, K; Benedí, J; Carretero, E; Ortega, T; Toledo, C; Bermejo, P; Iglesias, I; Abad, M. J.; Gómez-Serranillos, P; Liso, P. A.; Villar, A; Chiriboga, X (1998). "Antiinflammatory and antioxidant activity of plants used in traditional medicine in Ecuador". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 61 (2): 161–6. doi:10.1016/s0378-8741(98)00029-4. PMID 9683347.
  6. ^ Estevez, Y; Castillo, D; Pisango, M. T.; Arevalo, J; Rojas, R; Alban, J; Deharo, E; Bourdy, G; Sauvain, M (2007). "Evaluation of the leishmanicidal activity of plants used by Peruvian Chayahuita ethnic group". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 114 (2): 254–9. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2007.08.007. PMID 17889471.
  7. ^ Grandtner, Miroslav M.; Chevrette, Julien (21 September 2013). Elsevier's Dictionary of Trees, Volume 2: South America. San Diego: Elsevier. p. 650. ISBN 9780123969545. OCLC 57431195. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  8. ^ Vickers, William T.; Plowman, Timothy (1984). Useful Plants of the Siona and Secoya Indians of eastern Ecuador. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.2600. ISBN 000150746X.
  9. ^ van der Weide; van der Ham (27 December 2018). "Pollen morphology and phylogeny of the tribe Tabernaemontaneae (Apocynaceae, subfamily Rauvolfioideae)". Taxon. 61: 131–145. doi:10.1002/tax.611010.

External links[edit]