Fred Warmsley

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Fred Warmsley
Fred Welton Warmsleyn known professionally as Dedekind Cut (formerly Lee Bannon).jpg
Warmsley in 2011
Background information
Birth nameFred Welton Warmsley III[1]
Also known as
  • Lee Bannon
  • ¬ b
  • Dedekind Cut
  • Barrio Sur
Born (1987-09-22) September 22, 1987 (age 32)[2]
OriginSacramento, California, U.S.
Years active2010–present
Associated acts

Fred Welton Warmsley III (born September 22, 1987), known professionally as Dedekind Cut (formerly Lee Bannon), is an American record producer and sound artist from Sacramento, California. Initially known for his work with the New York-based hip hop collective Pro Era, he has since been known for producing in multiple genres including breakcore, ambient and noise music, releasing eight extended plays and two long plays since 2013, including the critically acclaimed Alternate/Endings. His debut studio album under the name Dedekind Cut, entitled $uccessor, was released on November 11, 2016.[3]


2010–2012: Early career and work with Pro Era[edit]

Warmsley, then known as Lee Bannon, first began to receive attention after self-releasing a number of homemade beat tapes from 2010 to 2012, eventually leading to collaborations with California rappers Souls of Mischief, Hieroglyphics and fellow producer The Alchemist.[4] Soon after, Warmsley was introduced to Joey Bada$$ and the rest of Pro Era through a mutual friend. The relationship proved to be fruitful, with Bannon signing on as Pro Era's touring DJ in 2012 and doing production for Joey Badas$$' third mixtape Summer Knights.[5] He appeared alongside Joey Bada$$ and The Roots when they performed "Waves" live on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon on November 2, 2012.[6][7]

2013–2015: Alternate/Endings, Pattern of Excel and name change[edit]

After his time with Pro Era, Warmsley began to explore a more experimental sound as a solo artist. In June 2013, he self-released "NW/WB", which showcased strong jungle and drum and bass influences and garnered a significant amount of press, including Spin, who included Bannon on their list of the 5 Best New Artists for July 2013.[8] The attention drew the interest of British label Ninja Tune, which signed Bannon in October 2013.[9] His debut long play, entitled Alternate/Endings, was released on January 9, 2014 to critical acclaim.[10][11][12] Rolling Stone placed Alternate/Endings at number 15 of its 20 Best Electronic and Dance Albums of 2014.[13]

On April 27, 2015, Warmsley announced his second long play, Pattern of Excel, along with its first single "Artificial Stasis".[14] It was also announced that the album would consist almost completely of ambient music.[15] On May 26, 2015, Warmsley announced via a hand-written note posted on his Instagram page that he would be changing his moniker from Lee Bannon to "¬ b" (meaning "not Bannon"). He wrote that Pattern of Excel would be his final release as Lee Bannon, adding that he feels the name had "reached its limits" and that "the future can no longer exist in the same realm with music I created when I was 17, fickle and still developing."[16][17] The following day, he released the track "disneμ girls" from Pattern of Excel,[18] which was itself released on July 8, 2015.[19]

2015–present: Second name change and $uccessor[edit]

On September 9, 2015, Warmsley released an extended play titled tHot eNhançeR under the new moniker "Dedekind Cut".[20][21] He followed that up with a collaborative project with the musician Rabit titled R&D on January 19, 2016.[22] On March 23, 2016 American Zen was released physically by Hospital Productions and digitally by Ninja Tune.[23] In a review, Resident Advisor described American Zen as "new age" and having "chilling cinematic sound design".[24] On September 1, 2016, it was announced that Warmsley would be releasing his debut studio album as Dedekind Cut, titled $uccessor, on November 11, 2016 under the NON Worldwide record label.[3][25]

On January 15, 2018, Warmsley, under the alias of Barrio Sur, released बड़ा शोक (heart break), a rock-oriented mixtape that was previously recorded in the summer of 2017. The mixtape is dedicated to Chyna Gibson, a trans woman and performer of color from Sacramento, California who was shot dead in New Orleans, Louisiana during Mardi Gras.[26]


In an interview with Vice, Warmsley cited RZA and Goldie as key influences, along with Brian Eno, Aphex Twin, and fellow Sacramento natives Death Grips.[27]


As Lee Bannon[edit]

Studio albums
  • Alternate/Endings (2014)
  • Pattern of Excel (2015)

As Dedekind Cut[edit]

Studio albums
Extended plays
  • tHot eNhançeR (2015)
  • R&D (with Rabit) (2016)
  • LAST (2016)
  • American Zen (2016)
  • The Expanding Domain (2017)

As Barrio Sur[edit]

  • बड़ा शोक (heart break) (2018)


The following is a list of albums in which Warmsley has produced as either producer or co-producer, showing year released, performing artists and album name.

Year Artist(s) Album
As Lee Bannon
2008 Big Shug Other Side of the Game
Sha Stimuli Love Jones
2009 The Jacka Tear Gas
Trife Diesel Better Late Than Never
2010 Inspectah Deck Manifesto
Lee Bannon The Big Toy Box
The Big Toy Box 2
Reks In Between the Lines
Willie the Kid, Lee Bannon Never a Dull Moment
2011 DJ Deadeye Substance Abuse
Roc C Stoned Genius
S.T.R.E.E.T. S.T.R.E.E.T. (Speakin' Thru Real Experience Every Time)
2012 Big Shug I.M. 4-Eva
Lee Bannon Caligula Theme Music
Fantastic Plastic
Pro Era PEEP: The aPROcalypse
Ron Artiste' R.I.D.S. (Riot in Da Stands)
Smoke DZA K.O.N.Y.
Strong Arm Steady Members Only
Tribe of Levi Follow My Lead
2013 CJ Fly Thee Way Eye See It
Fat Trel SDMG
Joey Bada$$ Summer Knights
Summer Knights EP
Reks Revolution Cocktail
Scallops Hotel Poplar Grove (or How to Rap with a Hammer)
2014 Lee Bannon Alternate/Endings
Caligula Theme Music 2.7.5
Joey Bada$$/Pro Era Instrumentals, Vol. 1
R.F.C. The Outsiders
Smoke DZA Dream.ZONE.Achieve
2015 Joey Bada$$ B4.DA.$$
Lee Bannon Cope
Pattern of Excel
Mick Jenkins Wave[s]
Wiki Lil Me
As Dedekind Cut
2015 Dedekind Cut tHot eNhançeR
2016 Dedekind Cut American Zen
Rabit, Dedekind Cut R&D
2017 Dedekind Cut The Expanding Domain
As Barrio Sur
2018 Barrio Sur बड़ा शोक (heart break)


  1. ^ "Dedekind Cut". Dedekind Cut / Bandcamp. Archived from the original on September 5, 2016. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  2. ^ "Lee Bannon - New Songs, Playlists, Videos & Tours". BBC Music. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Instagram photo by ℒ ℬ • Sep 1, 2016 at 6:21pm UTC". Dedekind Cut / Instagram. September 1, 2016. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  4. ^ Ryce, Andrew (January 15, 2014). "Lee Bannon: Search/Destroy". Resident Advisor. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
  5. ^ Goble, Corban (July 12, 2013). "Joey Bada$$ - Summer Knights Review". Pitchfork. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
  6. ^ Breihan, Tom (November 5, 2012). "Watch Joey Bada$$ Perform With The Roots On Fallon". Stereogum. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
  7. ^ Gillespie, Blake (January 15, 2014). "Review: Sacramento by way of Brooklyn, Lee Bannon goes all throwback '90s on your ears". Sacramento News & Review. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  8. ^ Reynaldo, Shawn (July 1, 2013). "5 Best New Artists for July '13". Spin. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  9. ^ "Lee Bannon signs with Ninja Tune, announces new album". Fact. October 8, 2013. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
  10. ^ Ryce, Andrew. "Lee Bannon – Alternate/Endings Review". Resident Advisor. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
  11. ^ Martin, Clive (January 10, 2014). "Is Lee Bannon the man to sell jungle to America?". The Guardian. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
  12. ^ Reynaldo, Shawn (March 2014). "Podcast 335: Lee Bannon". XLR8R. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  13. ^ Edwards, Gavin (December 16, 2014). "20 Best EDM, Electronic and Dance Albums of 2014". Rolling Stone. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  14. ^ Ryce, Andrew (April 22, 2015). "RA News: Lee Bannon follows the Pattern Of Excel on new album". Resident Advisor. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  15. ^ "Lee Bannon forgoes jungle for ambient and drone on second Ninja Tune LP, Pattern Of Excel". Fact. April 22, 2015. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  16. ^ "Lee Bannon changes his name to ¬ b". Fact. May 26, 2015. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  17. ^ Gillespie, Blake (May 29, 2015). "Lee Bannon is now ¬b from this day forward". Impose. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  18. ^ "premiere: lee bannon, disneμ girls". i-D. May 27, 2015. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  19. ^ Danton, Eric R. "Lee Bannon Straddles Past and Future on 'Pattern of Excel' (Exclusive Album)". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  20. ^ Ryce, Andrew (September 9, 2015). "Lee Bannon unveils new project, Dedekind Cut". Resident Advisor. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  21. ^ "Lee Bannon launches Dedekind Cut project with free EP". Fact. September 9, 2015. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  22. ^ Ryce, Andrew (January 14, 2016). "Rabit & Lee Bannon collaborate on R&D EP". Resident Advisor. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  23. ^ "Lee Bannon climbs further down the Dedekind Cut rabbit hole with new EP American Zen". Fact. March 23, 2016. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  24. ^ Pearl, Max (April 20, 2016). "Dedekind Cut - American Zen". Resident Advisor. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  25. ^ Rodriguez, Krystal (September 1, 2016). "Lee Bannon Announces His First Album as Dedekind Cut, '$uccessor'". Thump. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  26. ^ "Barrio Sur "बड़ा शोक (heart break)"". January 15, 2018. Retrieved January 15, 2018.
  27. ^ "We Spoke to Lee Bannon About His Insane New LP, 'Alternate/Endings'". Vice Media. Retrieved May 2, 2014.

External links[edit]