Pinus taiwanensis

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Pinus taiwanensis
Pinus taiwanensis foliage.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Species: P. taiwanensis
Binomial name
Pinus taiwanensis

Pinus taiwanensis, the Taiwan red pine, is a species of conifer in the Pinaceae family. It is found only in Taiwan. It is a close relative of Pinus luchuensis of Japan and Pinus hwangshanensis of China, sometimes considered as a subspecies of the former.[2] Sometimes Pinus hwangshanensis from China are also referred to as P. taiwanensis.[3]

Taiwan red pine is a large tree, with a straight trunk up to 35 m (115 ft) tall and 80 cm (2.6 ft) in diameter. Needles are in bundles of two. Cones are 6–7 cm (2.4–2.8 in) long. It is a common species in the Central Mountain Range at altitudes of 750–3,000 m (2,500–9,800 ft), often in pure stands.[4]


  1. ^ Yang, Y.; Li, N. & Christian, T. (2010). "Pinus taiwanensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 
  2. ^ "Pinus taiwanensis at Gymnosperm Database". The Gymnosperm Database. 
  3. ^ Zhang, Liquan (1990), "Population structure and dynamics of Pinus taiwanensis Hayata at Songyang County, Zhejiang Province, China", Vegetatio, 86: 119–129, JSTOR 20038590, doi:10.1007/bf00031728 
  4. ^ Li, Hui-Lin; Keng, Hsuan (1994). "Pinaceae". In Huang, Tseng-chieng. Flora of Taiwan. 1 (2nd ed.). Taipei, Taiwan: Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition. pp. 567–581. ISBN 957-9019-52-5. Retrieved 8 September 2012.