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|WikiProject Ecology||(Rated C-class)|
|WikiProject Biology||(Rated C-class, High-importance)|
NOTE: I was unable to figure out how to cite properly so please wait until I fix it or correct it yourself. I used this site: http://www.usoe.k12.ut.us/curr/Science/sciber00/7th/cells/sciber/levelorg.htm
Thanks for fixing the Ref.
—Preceding undated comment added 20:38, 14 December 2011 (UTC).
- But "levels of organization of anatomy" is a subset of "Biological levels of organisation"... And perhaps an initial merge is difficult, need work, because Anatomy is a reductionistic discipline. --Krauss (talk) 19:25, 16 November 2014 (UTC)
Reductionism is a mode of proof
Reductionism does not establish a hierarchy of life, it establishes a hierarchy of investigation or explanation; reductionism is an approach to reconcile the sciences by reducing biological facts to chemical and chemical to physical. Speaking of a "hierarchy" implies an ordering. Perhaps an ordering could be argued for -- so list the people who argue for it. I disagree with the premise of the article that biological organization, reductionism in biology and the 'hierarchy of life' are the same thing. This article needs serious editing. Mrdthree (talk) 21:54, 2 October 2014 (UTC)
- Simon, H. A. (1969). The architecture of complexity. In The Sciences of the Artificial (pp. 192-229). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Simon1 emphasized above all that hierarchy was something profoundly natural.
He viewed hierarchy as a general principle of complex structures -- and not just of particular complex structures but of complexity in general. Hierarchy, he argued, emerges almost inevitably through a wide variety of evolutionary processes, for the simple reason that hierarchical structures are stable.
To motivate this deep idea, he offered (1969: 90-92) his most important example of hierarchy, a "parable" about imaginary watchmakers.
Parable of the Watchmakers
There once were two watchmakers, named Hora and Tempus, who made very fine watches. The phones in their workshops rang frequently; new customers were constantly calling them. However, Hora prospered while Tempus became poorer and poorer. In the end, Tempus lost his shop. What was the reason behind this?
The watches consisted of about 1000 parts each. The watches that Tempus made were designed such that, when he had to put down a partly assembled watch (for instance, to answer the phone), it immediately fell into pieces and had to be reassembled from the basic elements.
Hora had designed his watches so that he could put together subassemblies of about ten components each. Ten of these subassemblies could be put together to make a larger sub-assembly. Finally, ten of the larger subassemblies constituted the whole watch. Each subassembly could be put down without falling apart.
Another sources: "My thesis has been that one path to the construction of a non-trivial theory of complex systems is by way of a theory of hierarchy. Empirically, a large proportion of the complex systems we observe in nature exhibit hierarchic structure. On theoretical grounds we could expect complex systems to be hierarchies in a world in which complexity had to evolve from simplicity." – Herbert Simon, 1962 (at ).
I'm confused. The talk page here says the article uses British English, the article title itself is in British English, but the usage in the article is American English. Where's the consistency? RegistryKey(RegEdit) 13:08, 20 September 2015 (UTC)
I'm confused. This isn't actually a thing in biology. I mean, look at the references - they're all pointing to wishy washy ecology works, and aren't anchored to any specific statements in the text. This might be something from the field of ecology, so I won't suggest simply deleting the entire article just yet - but I would want to see it made very clear that this has little to do with biology. Gralgrathor (talk) 09:52, 25 September 2016 (UTC)
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