Talk:Enclosed religious orders
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I think this article's name should be changed to more accurately represent the contents. Badbilltucker 20:41, 19 December 2006 (UTC)
The current entry for exclaustration lacks any citations and is misleading, asserting that exclaustration is the first step towards a permanent release from one's monastic vows. It is not. See the entries for exclaustration in the Oxford English Dictionary, viz:
Pronunciation: /ɛksklɔːˈstreɪʃən/ Etymology: < modern Latin exclaustration-em: see ex- prefix1, claustration n.
Permission granted to a member of a religious community to live for a specified time outside the religious institute or beyond its jurisdiction.
1945 F. P. Sweeney Reduction of Clerics to Lay State (Catholic Univ. Amer. Canon Law Stud. No. 223) v. 82 The indult of exclaustration or the permission for a temporary sojourn outside the cloister.
1952 Abbo & Hannan Sacred Canons I. 657 Exclaustration temporarily suspends the authority of the religious superior over the exclaustrated religious.
1967 New Catholic Encycl. V. 703/1 Exclaustration can be defined as a permission granted by legitimate authority to a professed religious of solemn or simple vows, either temporary or perpetual, to leave his religious institute and to live outside his community for a specified time.
1983 tr. Codex Iuris Canonici (1984) ii. iii. vi. 125 The supreme Moderator can for a grave reason grant an indult of exclaustration to a perpetually professed member for a period not exceeding three years.
The above examples show that exclaustration is permission granted for temporary or perpetual relinquishing of one's monastic vows. There is nothing in the examples given to suggest that exclaustration is in every case but the first step towards a perpetual relinquishment. Again, the following OED entries for the derived term exclaustrate confirm this usage:
exˈclaustrate v. (trans.) to grant exclaustration to (a religious).
1948 E. L. Schneider Status of Secularized Ex-Religious Clerics (Catholic Univ. Amer. Canon Law Stud. No. 284) iii. 76 If he should fail to return to his institute, then, inasmuch as he was only exclaustrated, he must be considered a fugitive or an apostate.
1979 A. Morey David Knowles vi. 96 In October 1952 the Congregation declared that David was exclaustrated and a rescript to this effect was sent to him from Rome.
1983 tr. Codex Iuris Canonici (1984) ii. iii. vi. 125 Members who are exclaustrated are considered as dispensed from those obligations which are incompatible with their new condition of life.
Citation: "exclaustration, n.". OED Online. December 2013. Oxford University Press. 8 March 2014 <http://www.oed.com.rp.nla.gov.au/view/Entry/242838?redirectedFrom=exclaustration>. 188.8.131.52 (talk) 04:39, 10 March 2014 (UTC)