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Wiki Education Foundation-supported course assignment[edit]

Sciences humaines.svg This article is or was the subject of a Wiki Education Foundation-supported course assignment. Further details are available on the course page. Student editor(s): Vchitto, Dbzvishal.

Above undated message substituted from assignment by PrimeBOT (talk) 05:13, 18 January 2022 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Nice page[edit]

Thanks to everyone that assembled this great summary of YAML. You guy's rock! Seriously, this is page looks perfect to me. As a casual Wikipedia browser, my only suggestion would be to remove the dust-brush from the design section. It may be technically correct, but dude! It's such a short section why nit pick? The big banner seems like an easy way to seem like you care about the content without really doing anything and at the same time makes the page look trashy. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 14:33, 7 November 2019 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Link to 'data-oriented design', should it be 'data-driven'?[edit]

I created the page 'data-oriented design' r.e. the videgame programming methodology. A link to it appeared here, however I'd guess they really wanted dat-driven design or something. Any suggestions on a fix... should 'data oriented design' be a disambiguation page, and we rename the current page content 'data-oriented design (video games)'? Fmadd (talk) 11:12, 9 September 2016 (UTC)Reply[reply]

JSON as a subset of YAML[edit]

this section of the comments appears to be moot since the release of yaml 1.2 which makes JSON a subset. it's now cited as well.

I agree that comment blocks are irrelevant to whether JSON is a subset of YAML -- the anon was correct to remove that text. However, I still think "almost a subset" is correct; I've heard that there are subtle differences in edge cases in the way they quote strings as dictionary keys.

Does anyone know how we can verify facts like this, given that they tend to only appear on tech blogs and mailing lists? rspeer / ɹəədsɹ 16:04, 5 October 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]

First, try google books or google scholar and see if they have an easy link to anyone has thoroughly researched this question. If yes, cite it. If no, go to the next step.
Second, to and the sourceforge site that hosts all the discussion threads on the design of YAML. You can also search for the proper name of obvious candidates for expertise on the subject, such as Douglas Crockford.
Trawl around for the most specific posts on this matter and see if they cite anything authoritative (such as the ECMASCRIPT or YAML spec). If yes, then cite what they cite, if not, cite the forum post itself and just be ready to fight the uphill battle if anyone contests the validity of the cite itself, using the standard "you can't cite forums on Wikipedia" line (despite the fact that forums actually tend to be the most authoritative sources for some of the more arcane matters in open source software development). dr.ef.tymac 17:19, 5 October 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]

YAML really is not a superset of JSON. Consider the following Perl script:

use Data::Dumper;
use JSON;
use YAML::Loader;
use YAML::Tiny;

$Data::Dumper::Sortkeys = 1;

my $input = "{ \"Foo\": 1 }\n";

print "JSON -----------\n";
eval { print Dumper(JSON->new->decode($input)); }
	or warn $@;

print "YAML::Loader ---\n";
eval { print Dumper(YAML::Loader->new->load($input)); }
	or warn $@;

print "YAML::Tiny -----\n";
eval { print Dumper(YAML::Tiny->new->read_string($input)); }
	or warn $@;

It produces the following output:

JSON -----------
$VAR1 = {
          'Foo' => 1
YAML::Loader ---
YAML Error: Invalid element in map
   Line: 1
   Document: 1
 at /usr/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.10.1/YAML/ line 352
YAML::Tiny -----
$VAR1 = bless( [
                   '{ "Foo"' => '1 }'
               ], 'YAML::Tiny' );

One YAML implementation (YAML::Loader - which was written by Ingy dot Net) crashes on a simple JSON input. The other does not crash, but produces output very different from expected. (talk) 19:07, 3 October 2011 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Citing YAML™ 1.2, 3rd Ed., 2009 — Specifications, paragraph two, under the 1st section (Status of this Document), reads:
Not sure how/what/if anything you wanted to add to the article in that regard so I'll leave it with you at that. — Who R you? Talk 04:30, 24 October 2011 (UTC)Reply[reply]

JSON is still not a subset of YAML 1.2?[edit]

The POD doc for JSON::XS states:

You often hear that JSON is a subset of YAML. This is, however, a mass hysteria(*) and very far from the truth (as of the time of this writing), so let me state it clearly: in general, there is no way to configure JSON::XS to output a data structure as valid YAML that works in all cases.

And later on:

I have been pressured multiple times by Brian Ingerson (one of the authors of the YAML specification) to remove this paragraph, despite her acknowledging that the actual incompatibilities exist. As I was personally bitten by this "JSON is YAML" lie, I refused and said I will continue to educate people about these issues, so others do not run into the same problem again and again. After this, Brian called me a (quote)complete and worthless idiot(unquote).
In my opinion, instead of pressuring and insulting people who actually clarify issues with YAML and the wrong statements of some of its proponents, I would kindly suggest reading the JSON spec (which is not that difficult or long) and finally make YAML compatible to it, and educating users about the changes, instead of spreading lies about the real compatibility for many years and trying to silence people who point out that it isn't true.
Addendum/2009: the YAML 1.2 spec is still incompatible with JSON, even though the incompatibilities have been documented (and are known to Brian) for many years and the spec makes explicit claims that YAML is a superset of JSON. It would be so easy to fix, but apparently, bullying people and corrupting userdata is so much easier.

This article currently states that "JSON syntax is a subset of YAML version 1.2," which may not be strictly true. Any opinions? — SamHathaway (talk) 20:28, 16 January 2013 (UTC)Reply[reply]

JSON is a subset of YAML 1.2. Every valid JSON document is also a valid YAML 1.2 document. That said:

  • It is a proper superset. Not all YAML documents can be represented as JSON.
  • Even if a YAML document could be represented as JSON, YAML implementations are not required to emit JSON. Some implementations may support this via configuration.
  • Some YAML implementations may have bugs that prevent them from loading some JSON documents, even though those are valid YAML documents. I am not familiar with the Perl implementation in particular, but I am aware that a lot of work has been done in recent years to improve spec compliance of popular YAML implementations.
  • There is a misunderstood corner case involving unpaired surrogates. Valid JSON must be encoded in UTF-8, 16, or 32. These encodings do not allow unpaired surrogates; therefore, a document with unpaired surrogates is not valid JSON. YAML streams also may not contain unpaired surrogates.

There are a lot of pages out there claiming that JSON is not a subset of YAML 1.2. Some of them even have examples. But the examples are invariably either invalid JSON (e.g. the surrogate thing) or valid YAML that a particular implementation is choking on. In the unlikely event that there is some valid JSON document that is not also valid YAML, it should be reported at so that errata can be issued. — Thom1729 (talk) 16:20, 7 February 2022 (UTC)Reply[reply]

From a practical pov, the inability to accept unpaired surrogates is an incompatibility with JSON, or at least with the vast majority of JSON implementations that do accept them. As Windows filenames can contain unpaired surrogates this is a problem since you can no longer put Windows filenames into the "string" datatype.Spitzak (talk) 20:06, 7 February 2022 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Section on node order in hashes[edit]

The entire section on nodes and hashes has many factual errors and it key point is strongly misleading. The main point of this section is that Hash's are not order preserving thus the assumption that the language data model YAML implicitly encodes lacks the notion of order preservation. It points out that Perl and python lack order preservation.

Both are factually wrong. First the YAML spec clearly defines both order preserving and non-order preserving hash types. It's not an after thought, it's part of the main language. Second there is no implied native language data structure for YAML. third, YAML's array structure can be substituted as well to explicitly maintain order. {head : 1, foot : 2} versus [ head: 1, foot: 2 ] Indeed the latter is exactly how some YAML parsers for languages lacking Hash types hold hashes nodes. (and in fact this is pointed out in the "pitfalls" section of the wiki page on YAML).

Moreover, Perl and python both have order preserving hashes as standard modules. So not only is the assertion they lack them wrong but it is not even really germane since it was cited to bolster the the point being asserted that XML does not mandate the use of a non-order preserving hash while YAML does (not true). When a document is read in to most YAML parsers there is no mandated data container. The standared parsers in Python and Perl both are event driven parsers that provide hooks to the user. They only default to those structures if the user does not define listseners for the node events from the parser. The fact that perl and python happen to have native non-order preserving hashes says nothing to that point: Just as XML may want to go into an order or non-order preserving container, so it is true for YAML. The difference is that YAML is structured so that the simple thing, using native hashes, is simple, while not so for XML due to the need to store tage names and attirbutes in addition to content.

Additionally Syck, the most popular YAML parser/emitter, provides options to set the default for hashes to order preservation, so this is almost universally available to users even when using languages with non-order preserving native hashes. Cems2 18:15, 31 October 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Quick tip 1: Please feel free to add any clarifications to any article whenever you have them, but please refrain from sweeping deletions of entire subsections of the article. If you have specific problems with specific parts of the text, please indicate them by citing the text directly, not by re-phrasing with your own interpretation of the text. For example, above you specify:
   the assertion (Perl and Python) lack (order-preserving hashes) (is) wrong ...
Please re-read the article content you deleted. Please indicate where it makes any such assertion; that "Perl and Python lack order-preserving hashes" ... as far as I can see, it doesn't. Not now, nor did it before you deleted it.
Moreover, you specified:
   it was cited to bolster the the point being asserted that XML does 
   not mandate the use of a  non-order preserving  hash while YAML does 
   (not true).
Again, no such "mandate" or "point" was ever indicated in the text that was obliterated from the article. The text says: certain trade-offs that may have to be taken into consideration ... a point you openly acknowledge when you state: "They only default to those structures if the user does not define listseners [sic] for the node events from the parser."
If the user doesn't take the issue of non-order-preserving hashes into consideration, why and how would they ever consider fiddling with the defaults in the first place? If the option to change the defaults is available, then the issue must be relevant. If the issue is relevant, then people learn more by clarifying the issue, not by deleting it from the article wholesale.
Quick tip 2: Please sign your discussion page posts and put them at the bottom of the discussion page. Thank you. dr.ef.tymac 02:20, 31 October 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Viewpoints and breakdown by cems2[edit]

First I'll repeat that you are proceeding from a flawed analogy. Let me break this down by showing you the proper analogy. In your analogy you are comparing an ordered array in XML to a YAML hash. I realize you don't understand what I'm saying yet so please forgive my pedantic breakdown of the proper XML YAML analogs. But I think this will clear up the error.
 Similarly, arrays present a trade-off because arrays preserve declaration order, but are usually addressable only by a numeric index.
This last senstence embodies some to the root of the confusion here. Namely the equivalent syntax you try to strike between XML and YAML are not choosen right. Here's some better equivalences
     <foo> manchu </foo>
     <bar> car         </car>
     <foo>  to make this obvious I repeat the foo tag </foo>
 - name: foo
    content: manchu
 - name: bar
    content: car
 - name: foo
    content:  See this is where your analogy goes wrong.  because you could not have two foo taks if you were storing this in a hash.
So now you can see that you were writing an ARRAY in XML and trying to compare it to a HASH in YAML. You needed to compare it to an array like I showed. Now lets construct the HASH comparison
   <foo  font = "helvetica", size = 7> </foo>
      name: foo
            font: helvetica
            size: 7
here we see that it's the attribute portion of XML, not the tag name portion, that is a proper key-value pair or hash. And we have the same representation of the attributes in YAML as a hash. The premise of the whole section is hung on striking the wrong analogy. The only point you might make on that score is that it is apparently easy for someone to mistunderstand what parts of XML are used for ARRAY forms and which part are apropos for HASH forms. But that belongs on the XML page.
Look what you are saying here is simply mistaken and your own point of view on YAML, Both of those are reasons it does not belong in a wiki, Additionally the purpose of a wiki is not to teach nuances of implementation, though perhaps some tips are helpful. In this case however it seems to be trying too hard to make a point that can be dispensed with. Lets look at the meat to the section:
  Because the two source fragments look substantially similar, one might be tempted to assume that they are processed similarly when loaded into a target programming language. This is not necessarily the case, however, as the YAML instance is capable of translating key-value pairs directly to a hash,[1] whereas the XML instance does not expressly specify any addressing or storage scheme whatsoever.
That's a fictional distinction. XML and YAML use different terms to describe what they represent. In the XML world one here's people talk about Key-value pairs, named attributes. In YAML the term Hash is used. This does not mean that YAML targets a perl hash and XML does not. IN JSON they call them collections. Does this mean it's not a HASH? No they all are expressing a key-value relationship. But they don't specify the languages container.
 This difference presents certain trade-offs that may have to be taken into consideration. For example, programming languages such as Perl and Python do not preserve the order of hash key-value pairs as they are originally specified in source code (at least not by default).[6] 
Perl and Python have order preserving "hashes" that are standard modules available in all distributions of the languange. There's not particular reason one has to instantiate a simple hash to be a YAML entity container.
 This includes those that are defined and loaded from YAML. Instead, nodes declared as hash keys may appear in any arbitrary order when processed and loaded in to the program. 
if one specifies order preservation YAML preserves the order. If is not specified the user has control over how the YAML entities are stored in most yaml parsers. e.g. event driven parsers play the events in the as-written order of the tokens in the YAML file. If the user chooses to store the data out of order that's his problem. But the events come in the same order. The same is true of most XML parsers. The events happen int he order offered. But if the user is storing the XML events in a simple non-order preserving hash then they may get out of order. How for example would you store the named attributes in an XML tag? Every parser I know uses a HASH.
thus given that the entire section seems to be very misleading and I recommended it's deletion. Cems2 18:15, 31 October 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]


First off, the examples and analogies you specify here seem to indicate a particular reading of the article based on your own private assumptions. Your assumptions are fine for you, but they are not the only valid reading of the material. For example you stated:

   you were writing an ARRAY in XML and trying to compare it to a HASH in YAML

You're free to look at it that way, but that's not the only way, especially since there is no concept of "array" (or "hash") in XML in the first place. Either it's well-formed or it isn't. That's precisely the point, parsing, node addressing and node storage are handled differently, not just between YAML and XML, but also between the different programming languages and parsers.

You looked at the XML and perhaps thought "he's trying to do an array" ... others look at the XML (and the YAML) and think "this is just text with a 'head' 'body' and 'foot' specified in that order. Many people (justifiably) assume that the text is just text and that the order they write it in will not be messed around with. This is especially true for people who are more familiar with XML than with YAML (i.e., most people on the face of the Earth).

This section explains some reason why such justifiable assumptions do not necessarily hold. This helps people who are just learning about YAML, XML, or even programming in general; people who are not experts and members of the "general audience" that Wikipedia is targeted to in the first place.

You seem to be assuming that there is always a "correct" way to represent and interpret data structures, and therefore deem the issue of non-order-preserving hash keys (among other issues) irrelevant, because anyone who knows enough will know how to handle it. (Indeed, anyone who uses YAML regularly will not be the slightest bit confused between a "sequence" type and a "mapping" type). That's fine, but the problem is there's a difference between knowing the solution for an issue and acknowledging the issue exists in the first place.

Not all readers of this article are going to be familiar with the issues. Before you can tell them the "correct" resolution of an issue, you first have to explain what the issue is to begin with. That's what makes Encyclopedia articles informative. That's how people learn.

Bottom line: There are plenty of YAML parsers that preserve hash key order as serialized in the raw text. There are plenty that do not (at least not by default). There are plenty that do, but only if configured to do so by the user. There are also other options such as using YAML::Omap. All that is just icing on the cake. The cake itself consists of telling people why any of this matters in the first place.

Just because there are workarounds for an issue doesn't mean we ignore the issue entirely.

If you can come up with better wording that makes this point even more clear to more (general audience) readers, have at it. Detailing what is "correct" or what "most YAML parsers" can do is putting the cart before the horse. Deleting the entire section is putting one person's interpretation above everyone else's. dr.ef.tymac 17:32, 31 October 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]


the wiki section needs to be removed because it simply is your interpretation, it's clearly contestable as I have shown, and it's misleading or poorly worded. Now to try to make this constructive, it would help if you could offer single sentence or two sentence statement of what the section is teaching the reader. For example, a statement like "YAML contains syntaxes that have no expression in JSON, including relational structures, and extensible type declarations." could preface a discussion of those. Or a statement like "XML has the notion of Valid in additon to well-formed, yaml only has the latter". Then one could go on to explain this. As it stands it raises a dubious strawman, and then...well it's not really clear what's being said. it seems to rely on language specific implematation idiosyncacies that have nothing to do with the YAML spec. On top of that the strawman is highly misleading as it is predicated on visual similarities not actual equivalent data content. So let's start there. What's being taught here? and is this an implementation idiosyncrasy, a pitfall, what?
If the goal was to expose the object model differences between YAML and XML then I might be temped to say something like this instead (please forgive any too-sweeping generalizations and colloquial syntax) .

YAML and XML have different object models. YAML's object model maps more closely to the entities found in higher level languages such as Hash's, arrays, and pointers. To perceive this distinction consider the following. When representing XML in a higher level language one needs only two rules:

1. An XML object has exactly three attributes:
name: <string>
attributes: <hash of key values, where the values are scalars.>
content_array: <array>
2. An XML object may only be contained by the content array of another XML object. The content array elements contains either a string or another XML object.

There! that's all one needs to represent any XML in a higher level language.

Now there's multiple ways one could implement YAML objects. But the most primitive and most analogous is , I beleive the following.
1. A YAML object (called a node) has exactly two attributes
type: <one of a set of defined keywords for types>
content: < an object of the type defined above>
2. A YAML object can only be placed in the content of the array/hash value fields of another YAML object.
Types here would most commonly be array,hash, pointers, or scalars (strings, ints, etc), though they could be any definable YAML type like ordered Hash, Binary, timestamp, set, or user defined class.

As can be seen a YAML object unbundles the fields of a higher order XML object such that it would take three YAML objects to represent the three fields of an XML object. Moreover there is no notion of a general hash hierarchy in XML (the attribute hash storage may only contain scalers not other objects), thus a hash notion can only be exist by user defined semantics imposed on the XML content and has no direct syntactic representation."

That's one thought. it never raises the red herring of how one might visually confuse an order preserving array of XML objects (and as described, all XML objects are held in arrays) with an non-order preserving Hash of YAML objects. But that's just a visual issue, not a real one to anyone who understands that the containers are layed out differently: XML content is logically speaking always an array, and YAML is a flatter representation from which one can build the XML arrays. It's not a workaround. The two look-alike syntaxes are constructively different.
If put this way we can dispense with the side topic of perl or python native hashes, which definitely don't belong here. The bold section seems to capture the issue you were describing.
So if possible tell me what the issue you are trying to teach is. is it an idiosyncracy or pitfall? is it a structural comparison like I laid out? Then we can argue better. My own feeling is that the structural comparison I just outlined would not belong either even if it were better written. It's just not a WIKI kind of thing as the decomposition while instructive is also arbitrary. Cems2 18:08, 31 October 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]

proposed resolution[edit]

I think that the real underlying issue here may have a simple resolution. Basically, XML may have no syntax for a general hash construct. Hashes arise from semantic idioms imposed by the user. YAML has a direct syntax. So perhaps we do the following: in XML comparison section we say something like, " YAML has direct syntax for HASHes whose keys can contain hierarchical content. XML has no direct syntax but a user can of course store a HASH in XML by imposing an external semantic structure (there are many possible idioms). " Additionally we add a paragraph to the pitfalls section pointing out that XML users who are accutomed to hash idioms that are order preserving may find YAMLs direct (and higher level language inspired) hash representation has the pit fall that it is not order preserving. When Order preservation is required one can either use YAML's defined order preserving hash type, or, in analogy to XML, an ordered array of key-value pairs."

Does that capture the two points you want to make here? Cems2 19:28, 31 October 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Alternate proposed resolution[edit]

Respectfully Cems2, your review of the issues here seems **way** more complicated than necessary. It's almost like you're writing your own specification here on the talk page. Your explanations are long, unsuitable for a general audience and appear to rely heavily on your own personal interpreations.

I'm going to try to make this as plain as possible, and break this into *extremely* simple points.

Point1: The logical structure of XML has the following primary items of interest:

  • 1) Element
  • 2) Attribute
  • 3) the Element content-model (but only for XML documents with user-defined validity constraints)

Point2: The logical structure of YAML has the following primary items of interest:

  • 1) Scalar
  • 2) Sequence
  • 3) Mapping

(All of these are built-in to the YAML specification and have nothing to do with user-defined constraints or target programming language or differences in parsers)

Point3: According to the YAML specification, in the YAML representation model, mapping keys do not have an order ... in every case where node order is significant, a sequence must be used. [2].

Point4: In the XML specification, in the Element content model, there is no logical structure equivalent to a YAML mapping, and there is no requirement in the specification that a user choose a logical element of XML depending on whether she wishes to represent order-preserving versus non-order-preserving node relationships.[1] Even for validation under the element content model, there are only three possible constructs: 1) choice; 2) sequence; or 3) mixed -- there is no construct equivalent to YAML's 'non-order-preserving mapping'.

Request: For starters on the road to resolution, please answer with a simple yes or no -- do you dispute any of the above four points? dr.ef.tymac 02:20, 1 November 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]

I Agree that this is true. Small but relevant quibbles. Point 3 is general statement that includes mixed type nodes (so yes), but for pure hash nodes an ordered hash does preserve order. Point 1, and point 2 while individually correct (so yes) are not at the same level of resolution: an XML "node" if you will implicitly needs all 3 items to define it, but in YAML a node is one of the 3. I'm not perfectly certain I understand the jargon in point 4, but the but the first quoted phrase and the last hyphenated phrase which I assume is the point I accept (so yes)
so then we seem to agree that XML has no Hash concept, and acts like an array in YAML would.User:cem2 02:42, 1 November 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]
As far as the "jargon" in point four, it comes directly from the XML specification, indeed, all the points above depend directly on the relevant specs. I'm just focusing on the specifications now because those are documented for anyone to read, and not my own original research. So, if I am not mistaken, you do not dispute any of the above points.
Request: Here's the next "yes or no" question. Does the YAML specification itself provide *any* built-in mechanism for indicating or representing a key-value-order-preserving mapping? (I'm not talking about language-specific libraries, or hashes, or parser implementations, I'm talking about mappings as defined in the YAML specification itself). dr.ef.tymac 02:59, 1 November 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]
Answer: Yes. The YAML specification itself formally defines two URIs !!omap and !!pairs for ordered maps (there's also third kind too, !!seq, for key-value pairs in which the value field is null--effectively this is a ordered set which is a special usecase of a hash.) . (you can tell it's a "built-in" and not a library or local type because it's a double exclamation. ) User:cems2 04:47, 1 November 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]
Request: Excellent. Do you agree that the YAML specification does not mandate support for !!omap? Is a YAML processor compliant with the YAML specification if it does not support !!omap? [3]. dr.ef.tymac 11:20, 1 November 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]
Answer: No. Ordered maps are in the spec. They are a URI, so they are defined for all YAML processors. I'm not sure whay were now talking about YAML processors, but I shall answer anyhow. The YAML spec says that a "YAML Processor" can parse any type even if it does not have a native representation for the type or even known what the tag is. So your questions are moot. However, in this case we can say even more: the tag definition for omap anticipates that not all languages have a ordered map, it therefore also instructs how to handle the OMAP in such a case. So this can be implement not only on any YAML processor, but also in any impmentation language. Thus OMAPs are URIs, processable by any YAML spec compliant processor or native language. Anyhow, this Q&A is not any sort of proposed resolution so far despite the section title. SInce it's not getting us anywhere I suggest we discuss the concrete resolution I proposed and you tell me what's missing. 23:08, 1 November 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]
  1. ^ Even for attributes, when more than one definition is provided for the same attribute of a given element type, the first declaration is binding and later declarations are ignored. [1]

Please lets keep the discussion focused on simple answers and *reliable sources*[edit]

The problem with your proposed resolution is it doesn't seem to incorporate any direct references to reliable sources. It's also a bit turgid and very ambiguous in places. Also, you bring up implementation languages and other outside concepts instead of focusing solely on the [YAML representation model].

The alternate proposed resolution is to please stick to "yes or no" for now because that is the only thing that is helping to clear up these unhelpful ambiguities. Please also stick to direct citations from the specifications, and I will do the same.

Also, please make your "yes or no" answers clear and unambiguous so there's no room for "misinterpretation" (please don't answer a compound question with multiple conditions with just a single "yes" or "no"). If you really are interested in correcting my "flawed analogy" and "confusion" there's no better way to do it than with direct "yes or no" responses; therefore none of these questions is "moot".

  • 1) Yes or no: Does the YAML specification mandate support for !!omap?
  • 2) Yes or no: If "yes" to above, do you have a direct citation to the spec, or any authoritative source to support your answer?
  • 3) Request: If "yes" to 2 above, please provide a direct citation to the relevant section of the spec here in talk.

Please, let's keep this discussion on track and focused on direct citations to the spec so we can move forward. The best "concrete resolution" to solve "what's missing" is to clarify all relevant issues with direct references to reliable sources. That's what Wikipedia is all about. dr.ef.tymac 23:46, 1 November 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Answer. I don't know what you mean by "mandate". I cited the YAML spec, and the definition of !!omap. The defintiion of the YAML processor in the YAML spec means it can process any well-formed tag on a node and a I cited the recpie for implementation is given for languages without native hash given above. Please state your proposed reolution so I can see where this is leading. 02:13, 2 November 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]
Where is this going: My proposed resolution is: Step1) confirm and clarify that you and I both indeed understand the underlying issues; Step2) based on that confirmation, arrive at (2a) an agreed and (2b) an authoritative (i.e., directly cited) understanding; and Step3) based on that understanding, clarify or remove any part of the contested section that is not consistent with that mutually-agreed and authoritative foundation.
Mandate: These "yes or no" questions are helping to illustrate critical problems. For example, the term "mandate" (or "mandatory") is a very precise and crucial technical term that applies to requirement levels in specifications. Its meaning and application can be found at IETF RFC 2119. Failure to understand this term and related concepts seriously diminishes the quality and credibility of this discussion, and by extension, the authoritativeness of this Encyclopedia article.
Specification: As far as I can see, the only link you provided was to the "types repository" -- but not to the specification itself, despite the fact that you've offered several definitions, formulations and conclusions that cannot be (authoritatively) resolved by citing the "types repository" alone.
Comment: Without sufficient coverage of critical concepts, this discussion is not authoritative and lacks credibility. Without clear and unambiguous answers, resolution Step1 and Step2a cannot be completed. Without direct support from citations for all significant assertions made here in discussion, resolution Step1 and Step2b cannot be completed. Without completion of these steps, any "proposed resolution" is a waste of time because there is insufficient evidence to prove all participants are providing clear, consistent, non-contradictory, and verifiable explanations; or even that they know what they are talking about to begin with.
Request: Please take a moment to review critical concepts and re-answer (if you wish), and please provide direct support from the YAML specification (or any other equally authoritative source), so readers of this discussion page and the WP article can verify the credibility of all assertions, and so we can make progress to resolve this matter efficiently and definitively. Thanks. dr.ef.tymac 11:35, 2 November 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]

How Wikipedia works[edit]

This one-way interrogative form of discource is not my cup of tea and it's overkill for the issue. Please state what it is you want to teach in this section of the Wiki. I objected to the current section, which does not exactly follow the standards you are hewing to in this discussion. To be constructive I've also have made several guesses as to what the objective is and how to accomplish it. But I must not have nailed it since it does not seem to satisfy you. So what is it that you are driving at. I can't help if you won't say. If you are taking umbrage that I deleted your section then let me apoligize: I waitied too littlte time after posting my original objections in the discussion section. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 04:07, 3 November 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]

It seems you may be mistaken on the fundamental purpose of Wikipedia itself. You said:
Please state what it is you want to teach
The purpose is not to teach anything. The purpose is to produce an Encyclopedia article that is based on content from reliable sources. If you want to contest or delete content please feel free to do so, you are entirely free to do so, I welcome you to do so, just make sure your objections are founded on reliable sources and not a "personal lesson plan". People should be able to learn from the article, but the article should not be derived from unsubstantiated claims and "guesses".
I objected to the current section, which does not exactly follow the standards
If that's how you feel, great! I am happy to work with you if it means improving the article. I am not happy, however, to read through long turgid explanations that don't even cite the YAML specification, since that's what this entire article is based on. I don't know of a better way to clear up ambiguity than to answer simple "yes or no" questions -- otherwise, your answers have been non-cited and full of apparently "original ideas". That's fine for you, but not for Wikipedia.
To be constructive I've also have made several guesses as to what the objective is
This is exactly the problem. "Personal guesses" are the opposite of constructive. If you have specific passages of text from the YAML specification itself that indicate there are errors, (or you have other equally authoritative sources), please present those ... please do not present guesses as they are long, turgid, unsuitable for a general audience, ambiguous, not cited by sufficient authority, and not likely to get this matter any closer to resolution.
So what is it that you are driving at.
How many times do I need to say it? If you have a correction to make to the article, hooray! That's a *good* thing. Just please make sure your "corrections" are based on the content from reliable and authoritative sources, and not just your own personal ideas.
If you are not familiar with the material in authoritative and reliable sources, please read them first and then come back when you feel ready to discuss. For example, not understanding the requirement levels of IETF RFC 2119 is a huge barrier to any productive discussion, because it is a central part of "what I am driving at".
Repeat: My goal is not to "teach" anything. My goal is already plainly stated in Where this is going above, in clearly defined steps. Is there any specific part of that you find objectionable or unreasonable? Please tell me. I am happy to work with you. I am happy to change anything you want to change as long as you can state your case clearly, authoritatively, and unambiguously -- and as long as it is consistent with Wikipedia policy. This is not a blog or a tutorial site. Long, non-cited "guesses" and "corrections" are not going to help improve this article. dr.ef.tymac 12:01, 3 November 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]
since you are unable to explain your insertion in plain english, please delete it until you can. 06:05, 4 November 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]
Yes or no ... in plain english: Does the YAML Specification mandate support for !!omap?
You haven't answered my *very simple* question. I've even given you links to define the critical terms that you need to understand in order to answer.
Since you are unable (or unwilling) to provide simple "yes or no" answers (I'm still waiting for a "yes or no" answer to "Mandate" by the way); and since you are unable to support your assertions with citations to the YAML specification; and since you have yet to demonstrate you have even read (let alone understand) the citations I've provided to you; please go read WP:OR, WP:V and make a good faith effort to prove to me that your failure to honor *any* of these simple requests is just an oversight on your part.
I've done a lot of "plain English" explanations, and I've done everything short of spoon-feeding you the citations one word at a time. It's not my responsibility to teach you concepts that you have yet to demonstrate you understand in the first place. Please answer my *very simple* yes or no question (and support it with a cite, not just your own "guesses"). Then I can determine the level of explanation you will need. Thank you. dr.ef.tymac 12:29, 4 November 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Moving forward[edit]

I've begun to make already-planned enhancements to the section that was deleted, rendering most of the objections offered here irrelevant. Of course, if there are any future objections or concerns, they are more than welcome, but please: 1) substantiate all material assertions with direct references to cited sources so no one has to "guess" about anything; and 2) be prepared for simple "yes or no" questions if it becomes necessary to clarify any ambiguities.

Please do not post deletions or objections unless you can honor these two very simple requests. Thanks. dr.ef.tymac 16:17, 4 November 2007 (UTC)Reply[reply]

YAML application[edit]

Is there an editor/frontend for YAML?-- (talk) 12:22, 21 May 2008 (UTC)Reply[reply]

you barely need one for hand editing, and of course most languages have yaml emitters. However if you really want one, then I'm told that Emacs has a YAML mode and that so does the GUI editor TextMate. Have not tried either. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 22:04, 8 July 2008 (UTC)Reply[reply]
see for links. VIM for example has one. But you really do not need one. That's the whole point of YAML.

Emacs? According to StackOverflow's 2019 Developer Survey Results, Visual Studio Code (a multi-platform FOSS tool) is 10 times more widely used as Emacs, twice as widely used as VIM, and 50 times more widely used than TextMate. I'm really confused why it's not listed first. It supports YAML folding, auto-indent, syntax coloring, supports TextMate .tmLanguage files for specific YAML applications, all without any extensions or plugins. It does a lot more with YAML-supporting extensions added, like helping to edit docker-compose.yml files, and so on. Alan (talk) 23:37, 21 February 2020 (UTC)Reply[reply]

King of Hearts[edit]

King of hearts I see you undid my revisions (cems2) and called them unconstructive. Not sure why or what perturbs you. There were two kinds of revisions. First I made a change to the section ordering. Second I revised several elements of the text, for the most part cutting not adding. In the latter case essentially all of the text changed was my text I had originally written, so I was essentially editing myself to simplify the content. So I'm not quite sure what about the changes you did not like. I have reverted it back to the edited form. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 22:31, 27 May 2008 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Relational Trees[edit]

Could someone who understands how relational trees work in YAML please write a more understandable example? I'm not sure it's helpful to provide an example using a process most people don't know about. For an example like this, you should only have to work to understand the code, you shouldn't have to figure out what is going on in the example first before you can even understand the markup. I would suggest replacing it with a commonly understood process instead, maybe a recipe? —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 15:27, 18 June 2009 (UTC)Reply[reply]

I think the one there is fine since it shows both how and a use case. the purpose of the wiki article is not to replace someone going an reading the actual manual on how to do it, so this is pretty sufficient I think. But if you have a better idea why not post a proposed change right here.

Ingy döt Net[edit]

In 2006, Brian Ingerson legally changed is name (in the state of Washington) to Ingy döt Net. He prefers to be addressed using his new name. This name change edit (on and here) was done by Clark C. Evans on 10/25/2010.

AsciiDoc = serialization format??[edit]

The article as it is right now mentions as alternative lightweigth markuplangauges among others asciidoc. Which is certainly not a serialization format as Yaml is (No types no structures etc... it's intended for text markup). Therefore i will remove that from the list of of similar formats when there are no other opinions. (talk) 21:30, 28 June 2011 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Capitalization: libYAML vs. LibYAML[edit]

The LibYAML home page spells the word "LibYAML" with a capital "L". However, on 15:03, 9 September 2011, Spitzak changed all occurrences of the term to "libYAML" with the comment that

Actually lower-case "lib" prefix is Unix standard. Other OS's do not use any "lib" prefix so they do not change this

I argue that "LibYAML" makes more sense in the context of the article, as it's referring to a project name as opposed to, say, a filename (e.g., libyaml.a). However, I don't want to get into an edit-reverting war so I ask, What do other people think is most appropriate for the YAML article? "libYAML" or "LibYAML"?

--Scott Pakin (talk) 04:23, 10 September 2011 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Wikipedia generally follows published sources; the name that the project calls itself is the most authoritative source. In common usage, I see LibYAML and libyaml but not libYAML. -- Beland (talk) 18:17, 7 November 2016 (UTC)Reply[reply]
(Though it seems mention of LibYAML has since been removed from the article. -- Beland (talk) 18:19, 7 November 2016 (UTC))Reply[reply]

Repeated nodes with modifications[edit]

The "Repeated nodes" section shows an example YAML document in which a node is repeated from an anchor but with one key redefined ("spotSize", in the example).

I cannot find a YAML parser or validator that accepts this syntax and it seems to be explicitly disallowed in the spec:

I'd be glad if someone could either clarify the example or correct any misunderstanding on my part. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Blair1618 (talkcontribs) 17:03, 4 September 2015 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Section On Features Does Not Have Neutral Point Of View[edit]

It says: "A major part of its accessibility comes from eschewing the use of enclosures such as quotation marks, brackets, braces, and open/close-tags, which can be hard for the human eye to balance in nested hierarchies".

Says who? That's the author's opinion, and of course the opinion of the designers of yaml, and is also the opinion of the designers of Python, but for every person who believes that, I can find a person who hates the lack of braces. For example, every C, C++, Pascal, Java, and other programmer using a C-style language. This sentence reads like a sales brochure. Just stick to the facts. If you want to risk getting tagged for "weasel words", you could reword this to say something like "which can be hard for some humans to balance in nested hierarchies", but it would be better to just say yaml, like python, uses whitespace indentation. But you say that later anyway. So why not drop this whole sentence? — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 23:27, 9 September 2015 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Is the syntax sub-heading necessary?[edit]

As this is not a tutorial and we need only present the information about YAML to the user as well as maybe some examples, would it be alright if I could remove the content under the Syntax sub-heading and add appropriate sub-headings for the points that are mentioned in the current Syntax heading (like charset). Also, would it be fine if I could take information about YAML from the specification and use the same to cite it as a source? This is to add a bit more information to the wiki if need be.--Dbzvishal (talk) 23:01, 5 September 2016 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Syntax section revert[edit]

I've just undone a series of edits which, while well-intentioned, pushed the article back in terms of being a general description of the subject from a non-implementational viewpoint. This is never going to be the ideal place for a tutorial on the subject. I'll see if I can cherry-pick appropriate edits from this series. Chris Cunningham (user:thumperward) (talk) 22:04, 11 September 2016 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Too much repetition[edit]

"Notice that strings do not require enclosure in quotations."

That is about the 4th time that has been mentioned: can't we eliminate 1 or 2 of these? GeneCallahan (talk) 05:20, 13 November 2018 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Of course we can, please go ahead. Thank you, -- Nsda (talk) 14:52, 13 November 2018 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Does YAML have "decorations", or should that be "declarations"?[edit]

Maybe I'm just tired, but not sure if the following snippet from this article should be "declaration" instead of "decoration", at the top of the section titled:

"Software (emitters and parsers):" "For fixed data structures, YAML files can simply be generated using print commands that write both the data and the YAML specific decoration"

It could be correct as is, i.e decorations could be referring to categorically to the particular punctuation characters and other syntax formatting. But, thought it wouldn't hurt to flag, just in case it isn't...

Sorry, I'm just passing through and busy researching other topics. Hopefully, someone else who is well versed can correct or clarify with little trouble. Thanks in advance to whomever that may be. ;-) Tree4rest (talk) 22:39, 24 August 2019 (UTC)[reply]

Removing last bullet point of "Criticism" section[edit]

I am going to remove the last bullet point of the "Criticism" section for the following reasons:

  • The linked citation does not support the claim. All of the presented YAML examples are readable by humans.
  • Since when did we start citing StackOverflow answers? We might as well start citing other Wikipedia articles.

Ender and Peter 02:47, 9 April 2020 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Two of the "Criticism" section bullet points are criticism of a specific implementation of a particular YAML parser rather than criticism of the language; I suggest deleting them[edit]

In the "Criticisms" section, four of the five bullet points cite Martin Tournoij's blog as their source.

I suggest deleting these two criticisms

  • Configuration files can execute commands or load contents without the users realizing it.
  • Type autodetection is a source of errors. E.g. unquoted Yes and NO are converted to booleans, software version numbers might be converted to floats.

On the grounds that these are criticisms of a particular YAML parser, rather than criticisms of YAML. Other parsers are available, which do not execute commands or load contents without the users realizing it, and do not implement type autodetection.

Criticising the YAML language because the Python parser does some risky or unhelpful things with YAML is like criticising CSS because IE6 makes a mess of CSS.

Jinlye (talk) 13:11, 7 May 2020 (UTC)Reply[reply]

Is YAML really a "language"?[edit]

The first line of the article calls YAML a "data-serialization language". Is YAML really a language? I would say it's a file format just like JSON is, and the JSON article lists JSON as a file format too. I strongly believe we should change the first line to "YAML ... is a human-readable file format for data serialization". Anirudhgiri (talk) 02:37, 23 April 2021 (UTC)Reply[reply]