The Face of Another (film)
|The Face of Another|
|Directed by||Hiroshi Teshigahara|
|Produced by||Hiroshi Teshigahara|
|Screenplay by||Kobo Abe|
|Based on||Tanin no kao
by Kobo Abe
|Music by||Toru Takemitsu|
|Edited by||Fusako Shuzui|
The Face of Another (他人の顔? Tanin no kao) is a 1966 Japanese New Wave film directed by Hiroshi Teshigahara and based on the novel of the same name written by Kōbō Abe. The story follows an engineer, Okuyama, whose face is severely burnt in an unspecified work-related accident and is given a new face in the form of a lifelike mask.
Okuyama's face was disfigured in an industrial accident, and his face is completely covered in burns; he wears bandages to cover them. He visits Dr. Hira, a psychiatrist who is able to fashion a "mask" for Okuyama to wear which is indistinguishable from the face on which it is modeled.
Hira and Okuyama pay a man 10,000 yen to serve as the model for the mask, and the mask is built and fitted onto Okuyama. Hira cautions Okuyama that the mask may change his behavior and personality so much that he will cease to be the same person that he was. Hira believes that this disassociation with his identity will cause Okuyama to lose his sense of morality if he is not careful. Okuyama tells no one that he has received the mask, and simply lives as a new man, telling his wife that he is traveling on business while he rents an apartment nearby.
Interleaved throughout the film is a separate tale (present in Abe's original novel in the form of a movie the protagonists watches at a cinema and then recounts) of a young woman whose otherwise beautiful face suffered a severe disfigurement on the right cheek, and right side of the neck. She works in a home for World War II veterans and lives with her brother. The imagery of the film, as well as her obsessive worry about the coming of another war, and her asking her brother if he still remembers the sea at Nagasaki (presumably from their childhood there), all suggest that her scars came as a result of the atomic bombing of that city. Like Okuyama, she is embarrassed by her disfigurement.
- Tatsuya Nakadai - Mr. Okuyama
- Machiko Kyō - Mrs. Okuyama
- Mikijirō Hira - Dr. Hira
- Kyōko Kishida - Nurse
- Eiji Okada - The Boss
- Minoru Chiaki - Apartment Superintendent
- Hideo Kanze - Male Patient
- Kunie Tanaka - Patient at Mental Hospital
- Etsuko Ichihara - Yo-Yo Girl
- Miki Irie - Girl with Scar
- Eiko Muramatsu - Secretary
- Yoshie Minami - Old Lady
- Hisashi Igawa - Man with Mole
- Kakuya Saeki - Elder Brother of Girl with Scar
The film is often described as being the third in a trilogy of films by Teshigahara, following his two earlier films Pitfall and The Woman in the Dunes. These were both also based on novels by Kōbō Abe, shot by Hiroshi Segawa, and scored by Toru Takemitsu. Like the other two films, The Face of Another was shot in black and white and in full-frame aspect ratio, even though these formats had gone out of style by the time of its production. Common themes in these films deal are identity, masks, doppelgangers, and distorted social relations.
The film uses several doublings of shots, both by repeating shots verbatim and by placing the main character in nearly identical shots twice. The most obvious example is in Okuyama's two separate rentals of apartments, once masked, and once with his new face. These doublings highlight Okuyama's double existence.
Hira's office, a strange blank space with glass partitions, was designed by architect Arata Isozaki, a friend of Teshigahara's. The glass walls are painted with Langer's lines and the Vitruvian Man.
The Face of Another won awards at the Mainichi Film Awards for Best Art Direction and Best Film Score. It was successful in Japan, but outside the country, the film was a critical and financial failure at the time of its release. Audiences and critics largely felt that it did not live up to Teshigahara's earlier film The Woman in the Dunes. The film review website Rotten Tomatoes lists the movie as having a 100% rating (based on 7 reviews).