Tavricheskaya Art School
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Tavricheskaya Art School (Russian: Таври́ческое худо́жественно-педагоги́ческое учи́лище) is a secondary art school in Saint Petersburg (Leningrad). From 1919 to 1961, it was located in a building at Tavricheskaya Street, 35. This was the informal name of the art school. From 1930 to 1950 Tavricheskaya Art School played an important role in the preparation of Leningrad artists and the formation of the Leningrad school of painting. In the 20th century the Tavricheskaya Art School repeatedly altered its official name and address. Since 1992, the art school which had been called the Saint Petersburg Art School was renamed after Nicholas Roerich.
The history of the Tavricheskaya Art School dates back to 1839, when in the building of Saint Petersburg Customs was founded Drawing School for free visit. In 1858 Drawing School was transferred to the "Imperial Society for the Encouragement of the Arts". In 1878 the Drawing School moved on Bolshaya Morskaya Street, 38. Here, from 1906 to 1918 years it was headed by Nicholas Roerich. In different years among school teachers were such well-known artists and teachers as Ivan Kramskoy, Pavel Chistyakov, Leon Benois.
After the October Revolution in July 1918 by the People's Commissar of Education Anatoli Lunacharsky initiative Art School resumes as free "Courses of Drawing" located at Liteyny Prospect. At the end of 1918, courses are converted to "Art School and Workshop". In July 1919 the school moved to the Tavricheskaya street, 35, which gave the school later unofficially called "Tavricheskaya Art School". This Art School will be located until 1961.
During these years Tavricheskaya Art School became the leading state art school of Leningrad. They were prepared hundreds of graduates by different specialties. Its official name changed several times: "Art and Industrial College", "Art and Pedagogical College", "The Leningrad Art School".
A special role in establishing Tavricheskaya Art School in the years 1930-1950 is owned by its young director Jan Konstantinovich Shablovsky. During these years, college graduates in the future known artists Alexander Semionov, Lev Russov, Valery Vatenin, Nina Veselova, Piotr Litvinsky, Maria Rudnitskaya, Galina Rumiantseva, Ivan Varichev, Vladimir Galba, Orest Vereysky, Vasily Golubev, Victor Sveshnikov, Evgeny Charushin, Vasily Zvontsov, Lubov Kholina, Kapitolina Rumiantseva, Yuri Tulin, and others.
In 1943, after breaking through the enemy blockade Tavricheskaya Art School became the first art schools of Leningrad resumed its work. In 1943-1944, there were engaged in and students of the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, remained in the besieged city. Among them - the future famous painters Yuri Tulin, Nina Veselova, and others.
In 1961 Tavricheskaya Art School moved to a mansion on the Proletarian Dictatorship street, 5. In 1968 the Supreme Soviet of the USSR awarded the Leningrad Art School of the name of the noted soviet artist and teacher Vladimir Alexandrovich Serov, President of USSR Academy of Arts, who headed several years the State Qualification Commission.
In 1989 the school was relocated to a new building at Grazhdansky Prospekt, 88, and in 1992 became known as the Saint Petersburg Art School named after Nicholas Roerich. Training takes place at the departments of painting, sculpture, design and restoration. Methods of preparing the restorers became the basis for all artistic establishments of Russian Federation.
- Evgenia Baykova (1907 - 1998)
- Vasily Golubev (1925 - 1985)
- Engels Kozlov (1926 - 2007)
- Piotr Litvinsky (1927 - 2009)
- Boris Lukoshkov (1922 - 1989)
- Maria Rudnitskaya (1916 - 1983)
- Galina Rumiantseva (1927 - 2004)
- Kapitolina Rumiantseva (1925 - 2002)
- Lev Russov (1926 - 1988)
- Alexander Semionov (1922 - 1984)
- Yuri Tulin (1921 - 1986)
- Ivan Varichev (b. 1924)
- Valery Vatenin (1933 - 1977)
- Nina Veselova (1922 - 1960)
- Russian Academy of Arts
- Sergei V. Ivanov. The Leningrad School of painting. Historical outline.
- Chronology of the Leningrad School of painting.