Taylor Glacier

Coordinates: 77°44′S 162°10′E / 77.733°S 162.167°E / -77.733; 162.167
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Taylor Glacier
Map showing the location of Taylor Glacier
Map showing the location of Taylor Glacier
Taylor Glacier
Location of Taylor Glacier in Victoria Land, Antarctica
TypePolar Glacier
Coordinates77°44′S 162°10′E / 77.733°S 162.167°E / -77.733; 162.167
TerminusMoraine, a small section of the glacier flows into Lake Bonney

The Taylor Glacier is an Antarctic glacier about 54 kilometres (34 mi) long, flowing from the plateau of Victoria Land into the western end of Taylor Valley, north of the Kukri Hills, south of the Asgard Range. The middle part of the glacier is bounded on the north by the Inland Forts and on the south by Beacon Valley.

Taylor and Ferrar Glaciers and McMurdo Sound, Antarctica


The glacier was discovered by the British National Antarctic Expedition (1901–04) and at that time thought to be a part of Ferrar Glacier. The Western Journey Party of the British Antarctic Expedition of 1910 determined that the upper and lower portions of what was then known as Ferrar Glacier are apposed, i.e., joined in Siamese-twin fashion north of Knobhead. With this discovery Robert Falcon Scott named the upper portion for Thomas Griffith Taylor, geologist and leader of the Western Journey Party.

Glaciology Research[edit]

Taylor Glacier, Taylor Valley and Blood Falls, 2013

The Taylor Glacier has been the focus of a measurement and modeling effort carried out by researchers from the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Texas at Austin.

Like other glaciers in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Taylor Glacier is “cold-based,” meaning its bottom is frozen to the ground below. The rest of the world's glaciers are “wet-based,” meaning they scrape over the bedrock, picking up and leaving obvious piles of debris (moraines) along their edges.

Cold-based glaciers flow more like putty, pushed forward by their own weight. Cold-based glaciers pick up minimal debris, cause little erosion, and leave only small moraines. They also look different from above. Instead of having surfaces full of crevasses, cold-based glaciers are comparatively flat and smooth.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Taylor Valley, Antarctica at NASA Earth Observatory. Article includes public domain text from this US government website.

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from "Taylor Glacier". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.

External links[edit]