Tayum, Abra

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Tayum
Municipality
Map of Abra showing the location of Tayum
Map of Abra with Tayum highlighted
Tayum is located in Philippines
Tayum
Tayum
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 17°37′N 120°40′E / 17.62°N 120.66°E / 17.62; 120.66Coordinates: 17°37′N 120°40′E / 17.62°N 120.66°E / 17.62; 120.66
Country  Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Abra
District Lone District of Abra
Barangays 11 (see Barangays)
Government[2]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Felix Joash Eduarte[1]
 • Electorate 9,285 voters (2016)
Area[3]
 • Total 61.14 km2 (23.61 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[4]
 • Total 14,467
 • Density 240/km2 (610/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2803
PSGC 140124000
IDD:area code +63 (0)74
Income class 5th municipal income class

Tayum, officially the Municipality of Tayum (Ilocano: Ili ti Tayum, Filipino: Bayan ng Tayum), is a municipality in the province of Abra in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) of the Philippines. The population was 14,467 at the 2015 census.[4] In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 9,285 registered voters.[5]

Tayum is just 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) east of capital Bangued. Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion. Every 25 November, Tayum celebrates its town fiesta.

History[edit]

Records show that Tayum got its name after the indigo plant which was commonly known to the Ilocanos as Tayum-Tayum. There was a time when indigo flourished in Tayum, then a source of wealth to the Ilocanos. In Barangay Deet, half kilometer away from the town proper, there was a big vat (Pagtimbugan) used in decaying the plant into a blue-black dye called ngila. The dye was used to color yams of cotton. At the beginning of the century, however, a powder dye from the Aniline Factories of Germany came into popular use among Ilocano weavers, causing the death of the indigo industry.

The earliest historical accounts of Tayum date back to 1626 when one adventurous priest, Father Juan Pareja, organized Tayum, also known as Bukaw. Sometime in 1569, an Augustinian Priest, Father Gabriel Alvarez, constructed a temporary chapel in Tayum during the time of his expedition to Lepanto. It was however in 1725 when Tayum was formally organized as a political unit under the Spanish Regime. Don Vidal Banganan served as the first Gobernadorcillo.

From a mere visita of Bangued, Tayum transformed into an independent mission in 1807 with the construction of the solid brick-walled church under the successive Augustinian missions. The church was dedicated to St. Catherine of Alexandria whose feastday is celebrated every 25th day of November. In 1904, Tayum reverted to a barrio of Bangued, due to the deterioration of peace and order at the time. Tayum ended as a barrio on December 31, 1907, with the designation of Don Pio Balmaceda y Belmonte as Teniente del barrio. Balmaceda organized his men in effectively curbing lawlessness thus restoring the town’s peacefulness. Shortly afterwards, it regained its town status with Don Manuel Brillantes as it first president.

Geography[edit]

Tayum is located at 17°37′N 120°40′E / 17.62°N 120.66°E / 17.62; 120.66.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 61.14 square kilometres (23.61 sq mi)[3] constituting 1.47% of the 4,165.25-square-kilometre- (1,608.21 sq mi) total area of Abra.

Barangays[edit]

Tayum is politically subdivided into 11 barangays.[6]


PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[4] 2010[7]
140124001 Bagalay 6.8% 987 937 0.99%
140124002 Basbasa 6.2% 892 849 0.95%
140124003 Budac 8.8% 1,268 1,286 −0.27%
140124004 Bumagcat 5.3% 764 794 −0.73%
140124005 Cabaroan 8.7% 1,263 1,251 0.18%
140124006 Deet 6.4% 929 912 0.35%
140124007 Gaddani 10.1% 1,455 1,325 1.80%
140124008 Patucannay 10.5% 1,521 1,317 2.78%
140124009 Pias 8.3% 1,205 1,165 0.64%
140124010 Poblacion 18.5% 2,672 2,645 0.19%
140124011 Velasco 10.4% 1,511 1,459 0.67%
Total 14,467 13,940 0.71%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Tayum
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 4,366 —    
1918 5,832 +1.95%
1939 6,054 +0.18%
1948 6,281 +0.41%
1960 7,025 +0.94%
1970 8,211 +1.57%
1975 9,126 +2.14%
1980 9,621 +1.06%
1990 11,045 +1.39%
1995 12,346 +2.11%
2000 12,539 +0.33%
2007 13,360 +0.88%
2010 13,940 +1.56%
2015 14,467 +0.71%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][7][8][9]

In the 2015 census, Tayum had a population of 14,467.[4] The population density was 240 inhabitants per square kilometre (620/sq mi).

In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 9,285 registered voters.[5]

List of Cultural Properties of Tayum[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The main mode of public transportation are tricycles and jeepneys.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://ph.rappler.com/local/region/Cordillera-Administrative-Region/Abra/Tayum
  2. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Province: Abra". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  6. ^ "Municipal: Tayum, Abra". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  8. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  9. ^ "Province of Abra". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  10. ^ Alba, Reinerio. "The Restoration of 26 Philippine Churches". National Commission on Culture and the Arts. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 

External links[edit]