Teardrop butterflyfish

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Teardrop butterflyfish
Chaetodon unimaculatus 1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Chaetodon (but see text)
Subgenus:
Lepidochaetodon
Species:
C. unimaculatus
Binomial name
Chaetodon unimaculatus
Bloch, 1787

The teardrop butterflyfish (Chaetodon unimaculatus) is a species of butterflyfish (family Chaetodontidae).[2]

Distribution[edit]

The fish is native to the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean.

It is found from Maritime Southeast Asia east to the Hawaiian Islands, Marquesan Islands, and Ducie Island; north to southern Japan; south to the Lord Howe and Rapa islands; and throughout Micronesia.

Taxonomy[edit]

In the Indian Ocean it is replaced by the yellow teardrop butterflyfish (Chaetodon interruptus), now a separate species but previously considered a subspecies of Chaetodon unimaculatus.

In its subgenus Lepidochaetodon it is sometimes considered a separate genus. It is only distantly related to other Chaetodon species such as the sunburst butterflyfish (Chaetodon kleinii) and the Tahiti butterflyfish (Chaetodon trichrous).[3]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Myers, R. & Pratchett, M. 2010. Chaetodon unimaculatus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 10 September 2013.
  2. ^ FishBase (2008)
  3. ^ Fessler & Westneat (2007), Hsu et al. (2007)

References[edit]

  • Fessler, Jennifer L. & Westneat, Mark W. (2007): Molecular phylogenetics of the butterflyfishes (Chaetodontidae): Taxonomy and biogeography of a global coral reef fish family. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 45(1): 50–68. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.05.018 (HTML abstract)
  • FishBase (2008): Chaetodon unimaculatus. Version of 2008-JAN-14. Retrieved 2008-SEP-01.
  • Hsu, Kui-Ching; Chen, Jeng-Ping & Shao, Kwang-Tsao (2007): Molecular phylogeny of Chaetodon (Teleostei: Chaetodontidae) in the Indo-West Pacific: evolution in geminate species pairs and species groups. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 14: 77-86. PDF fulltext