Teleocichla

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Teleocichla
Teleocichla prionogenys Aquarium tropical du Palais de la Porte Dorée 10042016 2.jpg
Teleocichla prionogenys
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Cichlidae
Subfamily: Cichlinae
Genus: Teleocichla
S. O. Kullander, 1988
Type species
Teleocichla centrarchus
S. O. Kullander, 1988

Teleocichla is a genus of fish in the family Cichlidae found in the Tapajós, Xingu and Tocantins River basins, which are part of the Amazon River Basin in South America. All species are rheophilic, and highly elongated in shape.[1] They generally are smaller than 9 cm (3.5 in) in length,[2] making them some of the smallest cichlids of the Americas. Only T. preta can grow larger, reaching about 12 cm (4.7 in).[3] Since restricted to areas with fast currents (such as cataracts and rapids), they are particularly vulnerable to the building of dams,[3] and the Belo Monte Dam may cause the extinction of T. centisquama.[4]

Species[edit]

There are currently 9 recognized species in this genus,[2] but several undescribed species are known.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Varella, H.R. & Moreira, C.R. (2013): Teleocichla wajapi, a new species of cichlid from the rio Jari, Brazil, with comments on T. centrarchus Kullander, 1988 (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Zootaxa, 3641 (2): 177–187.
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2016). Species of Teleocichla in FishBase. January 2016 version.
  3. ^ a b c d Varella, H.R., Zuanon, J., Kullander, S.O. & López-Fernández, H. (2016): Teleocichla preta, a new species of cichlid from the Rio Xingu Basin in Brazil (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Journal of Fish Biology, 89 (3): 1551–1569.
  4. ^ Reis, R & Lima, F. (2009). "Teleocichla centisquama". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 28 February 2013.