Template:Infobox album/doc

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Nirvana
Black square with the gray word "NIRVANA" in the center
Greatest hits album by Nirvana
Released October 29, 2002 (2002-10-29)
Recorded 1988–1994
Genre Grunge
Length 49:38
Label DGC
Producer
Nirvana chronology
From the Muddy Banks of the Wishkah
(1996)
Nirvana
(2002)
With the Lights Out
(2004)

The standard infobox for album articles is the {{Infobox album}} template. The box to the right is an example. You can click on "View source" and copy-and-paste the markup to a different article, replacing its information with info on the album you choose to write about.

The infobox code should be placed at the top of the article.

Code[edit]

Most articles should only need the following fields (for the full list of fields see advanced usage). Do not remove fields from this list when the value is unknown; in that case the values should be left blank. Please note that the field names are case-sensitive.

If this template is substituted, it will return a cleaned-up copy of itself with unnecessary parameters removed and deprecated parameters replaced. Parameter indentation will also automatically be fixed.

{{subst:Infobox album
| name       = 
| type       = 
| artist     = 
| cover      = 
| alt        = 
| released   = <!-- {{Start date|||}} -->
| recorded   = 
| venue      = 
| studio     = 
| genre      = <!-- Do not add unsourced genres -->
| length     = 
| label      = 
| producer   = 
| prev_title = 
| prev_year  = 
| next_title = 
| next_year  = 
}}

Details[edit]

Try to fill in as many of the details as you can. If some details are unknown, leave the section blank. Wikilink wherever appropriate, but make sure you check your links and disambiguate accordingly.

Name[edit]

The album's title should be specified using text (not a logo), which will be automatically italicized.

Type[edit]

The |type= field refers to the general type of album. Enter a code from the following chart. The type will appear with the appropriate color. If the type is unknown, leave the field blank.

Code Display
studio
Studio album by artist
demo
Demo album by artist
EP
EP by artist
live
Live album by artist
greatest
Greatest hits album by artist
remix
Remix album by artist
box
Box set by artist
compilation
Compilation album by artist
mixtape
Mixtape by artist
soundtrack
Soundtrack album by artist
film
Film score by artist
cast
Cast recording by artist
video
Video by artist
other
other by artist

Cover[edit]

An image of the official front cover of the original version of the album (or a reissue, if no original cover can be found) should be included at Cover. However, unless the album cover is represented by a free image, the cover art should not be included when the infobox is used in an article whose primary topic is not the album itself, such as a musician's biography of discography. Album cover artwork may be scanned, or downloaded from another site such as Allmusic or Amazon.com. Note that whether you scan one yourself or copy it from another site, when uploading an image, you must tag it properly and follow fair use guidelines. Whenever possible, prefer a version without stickers (like Parental Advice, "As seen on TV", etc.) to display the artwork as intended by the artist. If you cannot find a cover image, just leave this field blank.

  • Upload a copy of the album cover (under fair use). The image will display in the infobox in its real size, capped by the value of the user's "Thumbnail size" parameter in his or her appearance preferences. The width of the image should usually be 220–300px; for a square image, 300 is ideal. To satisfy fair use criteria, the total number of pixels in any copyrighted image (i.e. the width in px × the height in px) should not exceed 100,000.
  • On the image description page, use the {{Non-free album cover}} image copyright tag. Selecting "Album or single cover" from the pulldown list on the image upload page will accomplish this.
  • Add detailed fair use rationale for each use of the image. You can also use the {{Non-free use rationale album cover}} template.
  • Fill the template's Cover field with the name of your file (the full image syntax is not required here—just the file name with the extension).
  • Remove the request-photo or request-image template from the talk page of the article.

If nothing is entered into this field, the article will be added to the tracking category Category:Album infoboxes lacking a cover. The article will also be added to the category if one of the following values is used: ???, Nocover.png, nocover.png. Setting the field to the value blank will leave the cover area empty without categorizing the article into the above category. This is useful if the cover does not exist, for example the album was not released yet, or the cover cannot be added due to other limitations.

Alt[edit]

Alt text for the album cover, for visually impaired readers. See WP:ALT.

Released[edit]

Original album release date, formatted according to the Manual of Style for dates ("December 14, 2003" or "14 December 2003" depending on the article style, without the quotation marks). The {{Start date}} template may be used here. If the day is unknown, indicate only month and year ("December 2003"); if the month is unknown indicate only the year ("2003"). Only the earliest known date that the album was released should be specified; later release dates (incl. re-issues) can be mentioned in a Release history section.

Recorded[edit]

Details on when the album was recorded.

Venue[edit]

Place where a live album was recorded.

Studio[edit]

Place where a studio album was recorded (or a live album was overdubbed or had post-production).

Genre[edit]

The one or more music genres that the album reflects should be listed here. Genres should be separated by using commas, {{flatlist}} or {{hlist}}.[1] Genres should be linked (piped linked where needed), for example, "Rock, pop" should link to rock music and pop music respectively. Note that most genres aren't proper nouns, and shouldn't be capitalized, but the first word in the list should be.

Length[edit]

The length of the album should be specified in minutes and seconds, even if it is longer than one hour, for example 74:23. A microformat is added automatically for the first duration detected. The duration must contain a seconds value, or it will be incorrectly interpreted. If there is more than one length specified in the parameter, use {{Duration}}. It may be helpful to include a source in a comment, such as <!--CD liner notes-->.

Several albums have been released with bonus tracks or multiple track listings. In this case, just list the length of the original release. In the case of albums which are released with multiple track listings simultaneously, only list the most common length or that of the standard edition of the album.

Label[edit]

Only the record label that the album was originally released on should be specified. Where significantly different versions have been released (featuring alternative track listings) e.g. in the US vs UK, the later release date or record label should be mentioned in the article, for example in a Release history section. Drop words like "Records" from the end of the label's name (e.g. use [[Universal Records|Universal]] rather than [[Universal Records]]).

Producer[edit]

The name of the producer should be linked to the corresponding article. If there is more than one producer, the names can be delimited by commas, {{flatlist}}, or {{hlist}}.[1]

Professional reviews[edit]

Formerly, a Reviews field was included in this template. Professional reviews may no longer be included in the infobox, but should be described in paragraph form in a "Reception" section. See Wikipedia:WikiProject Albums/Article body#Critical reception. The template {{Album ratings}} can be used to illustrate review scores in this section.

Chronology[edit]

This group of fields establishes a timeline of an artist's releases. In general, all albums and EPs should be placed in a single, chronological chain in order of release date (singles have a separate infobox, and thus a separate chain). Exceptions may be appropriate for artists with very complex discographies which may warrant more than one chain. If the previous or next release has a Wikipedia article, link the title to the corresponding article. Take care to maintain the integrity of chains, so that when release "A" points to "B" as the next release, "B" points back to "A" as the previous release.

Wikipedia's date style guidelines recommend that years should not be linked within the chronology section. Cover images should not be included in the chronology, as that would not be fair use.

No more than one album should be included in any of the three slots in the chronology. Some albums can be part of more than one chain, using an "additional chronologies" section. Albums released on the same day should be listed separately, ordered using the standard ordering of those albums, or alphabetically if no such standard exists.

|prev_title= and |prev_year= specify the previous album in the chain and its title. If the current album is the first album in a chain, this field should be blank.

|next_title= and |next_year= specify the next album in the chain and its title. If the current album is the last album in a chain, this field should be blank.

At least one of the title fields must have a value filled in for the chronology to display. If the year displayed for the current article's album is incorrect, then it can be specified manually using |year=.

Advanced usage[edit]

Together
Example image
Original LP cover
Studio album by Diana Ross & the Supremes and The Temptations
Released September 23, 1969 (1969-09-23)
Recorded 1969
Genre Pop, soul
Label Motown
Producer Frank Wilson, Smokey Robinson, Al Clevland, Terry Johnson, Tom Baird, Henry Cosby, Deke Richards
The Supremes chronology
Let the Sunshine In
(1969)
Together
(1969)
Cream of the Crop
(1969)
The Temptations chronology
Puzzle People
(1969)
Together
(1969)
On Broadway''
(1969)
Alternative cover
Example alt text
The original American LP for Together has a cover which folds out to reveal a full illustration of The Supremes and The Temptations. The full artwork was also used for some international versions of the album without requiring the cover to be unfolded.
Singles from Together
  1. "The Weight"
  2. "Why (Must We Fall in Love)"

In special situations, additional fields may be applicable. Unused fields may be either left blank or deleted.

{{subst:Infobox album
| italic_title = 
| name         = 
| type         = 
| longtype     = 
| artist       = 
| cover        = 
| border       = 
| alt          = 
| caption      = 
| released     = 
| recorded     = 
| venue        = 
| studio       = 
| genre        = 
| length       = 
| language     = <!-- Do not use for English albums by English-speaking artists -->
| label        = 
| director     = 
| producer     = 
| compiler     = 
| chronology   = 
| prev_title   = 
| prev_year    =
| year         = 
| next_title   = 
| next_year    = 
| misc         = 
}}

Italic title

Per the Article titles policy, titles that are rendered in italics in running prose are also displayed in italics in the page title. By default, the infobox achieves this automatically for album articles. If the page title is not the album title, as when only a section is devoted to an album, and in unusual cases where the title would not be italicized in running prose, such as untitled Korn album, set this parameter to "no" to prevent the page title from being italicized.

Longtype

This field can be used if you wish to include information such as the title of the film that an album is the soundtrack to, or the name of the artist that a tribute album is in honor of. The text in this field appears between the type and the word "by".

Border

Choosing "yes" here will insert a 1px grey border around the cover image. This is useful for instances where the image and the background will blend together.

Caption

If the album has been issued with different front covers, which version the image refers to should be noted here.

Language

This field should identify what language(s) are used in the lyrics of the album. Do not forget to disambiguate and pipe link when necessary. For example, if an album's lyrics are in English and French, you would use English, [[French language|French]]. Do not use this field for albums entirely in the English language, by English-speaking artists.

Director

This field is only applicable to video albums. The name of the director should be linked to the corresponding article. If there is more than one director, the names should be delimited by commas, {{flatlist}} or {{hlist}}.[1]

Compiler

This field is only applicable to compilation albums of any kind where the person or entity responsible for selecting the album's track listing is known. Compilers should be separated by using commas, {{flatlist}} or {{hlist}}.[1]

Chronology

This field can be used when the album belongs to an overall series that is not adequately described by the artist's name alone; in these situations, the text entered in this field replaces the artist name that would normally be displayed preceding "chronology". Examples include series of compilation albums compiled by different people, and series of soundtracks (which are often "various artists" collections).

Misc

A number of templates exist that can be inserted in the misc field, including {{Extra album cover}}, {{Extra chronology}}, {{Singles}} and {{Audiosample}}. If you use any of these templates, don't forget to add a second set of closing brackets for the nested template. However, please ensure if you add additional non-free images, that the use complies with the non-free content criteria.

Template:Extra chronology

Additional chronologies are generally useful for split albums, collaborative albums, and series of albums.

{{Infobox album
...
| misc       = {{Extra chronology 
 | artist     = 
 | type       = 
 | prev_title = 
 | prev_year  = 
 | title      = 
 | year       = 
 | next_title = 
 | next_year  = 
 }}
}}

The Artist field should be the artist that this additional chronology reflects, for example one of the artists on a split album. The type field should contain the same type as the rest of the infobox. The format of the other fields is the same as the standard chronology (see above).

Template:Extra album cover

If the album has been released with different album covers, they can be added to the infobox using this template. However, per WP:NFCC#3 use of non-free content is to be minimal, and not to be used if one item can convey equivalent significant information. An alternative cover that is significantly different from the original and is widely distributed and/or replaces the original has generally been held to pass this criterion. Also, an alternative cover that is the subject of specific (sourced) critical commentary passes the criteria for inclusion. Covers that are essentially similar, despite differences in colouring, poses, text, etc, should not be included.

{{Infobox album
...
| misc       = {{Extra album cover
 | upper_caption = 
 | type          = 
 | cover         = 
 | alt           = 
 | lower_caption = 
 | border        = <!-- optional parameter, type "yes" here to add a 1px border to the cover image -->
 }}
}}

The upper_caption field allows an optional header to be inserted and lower_caption allows for an optional explanatory label. For alternative covers the upper caption should be "Alternative cover" and the lower caption should mention where that cover was used (int'l release, re-release, censored original, etc.). As with the {{Extra chronology}} template, the type field should contain the same type as the rest of the infobox.

Template:Singles

The {{Singles}} template may be used as a miscellaneous addition to the infobox providing concise information about songs on the album that were released as singles during the marketing and promotion of the album. Promotional activity for extremely popular albums may continue for a long time, and songs from the album may be released as singles a year or more after the album's initial release. For example, songs from the album Thriller were released as singles for more than a year after the release of the album, and such singles are considered to be from the album.

  1. Do not include singles that were added as bonus tracks on a re-release of an album.
  2. For songs that appear on more than one album, list the song as a single only for the album(s) where the single was released as part of the marketing and promotion of that album. Examples:
    • If a song is originally released as a single during the marketing and promotion of an album on which it also appears, and is subsequently included on a compilation album, list the song as a single only for the original album and not for the compilation album.
    • If a song is originally released as an album track only, but is subsequently released as a single to promote the release of a compilation album, include the song as a single only for the compilation album.

For complex release scenarios where it may not be obvious that a single was released as part of the marketing and promotion of the album on which it appears, seek consensus on the talk page for the album.

The output includes the name of the single and its release date, and the list should be in sequence by release date. You may list up to twelve (12) singles per album. This infobox should be placed in the "Misc" field as shown below, using the field cases also shown below. Any unused fields may be left out. Further usage information can be found on the template page.

{{Infobox album
...
| misc       = {{Singles
 | name        = 
 | type        = 
 | single1     = 
 | single1date = 
 | single2     = 
 | single2date = 
 | single3     = 
 | single3date = 
 | single4     = 
 | single4date = 
 }}
}}
name 
The name of the album.
type 
The album type (as specified above in the section "Type").
single# 
The name of the single. Should be wikilinked to the single's article, if applicable.
single#date 
The date of single release. Should be entered in wikidate format. If the full date is unknown, just use "Month Year" or "Year". Do not use the {{Start date}} template in this field.

Note that all fields are already properly formatted, so italics or quotation marks need not be entered in fields.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d For short horizontal lists of two or three items, comma separators are acceptable, but for longer lists the use of {{flatlist}} or {{hlist}} is preferred as they offer a benefit to users of screen readers. Vertical lists should always be implemented by {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}} and never by <br /> tags for reasons of accessibility.

Microformats

The HTML mark-up produced by this template includes an hCalendar microformat that makes event details readily parsable by computer programs. This aids tasks such as the cataloguing of articles and maintenance of databases. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please visit the Microformat WikiProject.

Classes used

The HTML classes this microformat uses include:

  • attendee
  • contact
  • description
  • dtend
  • dtstart
  • location
  • organiser
  • summary
  • url
  • vevent
Please do not rename or remove these classes
nor collapse nested elements which use them.

The HTML mark-up produced by this template includes an hAudio microformat that makes an audio recording's details readily parsable by computer programs. This aids tasks such as the cataloguing of articles and maintenance of databases. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please visit the Microformat WikiProject.

Subtemplates

Date-of-publication ("published") information will only be included in the microformat if {{start date}} (or, where appropriate, {{start date and age}}) is used in a parent infobox/template. Do not, however, use {{start date}} or {{start date and age}} if a date before 1583 CE is involved.

Use {{duration}} to specify the duration/length of a recording. For instance, if the recording's duration is 3 minutes 45 seconds, use {{duration|m=3|s=45}} (which appears as: 3:45). If needed, |h= may be included to specify a number of hours.

Please do not remove instances of these subtemplates.

Classes used

The HTML classes this microformat uses include:

  • haudio
  • fn
  • album
  • description
  • category
  • contributor
  • duration
  • h
  • item
  • min
  • photo
  • position
  • price
  • published
  • s
Please do not rename or remove these classes
nor collapse nested elements which use them.

TemplateData[edit]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

See the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Infobox album

The standard infobox for album articles.

Template parameters

This template has custom formatting.

Parameter Description Type Status
Italic title italic_titleitalic titleItalic title

By default the infobox causes the page title to be in italics. Set this to 'no' to leave the page title in normal style.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Name nameName

Name of the album.

Default
empty
Example
Nirvana
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Album type typeType

One of: 'studio', 'demo', 'ep', 'live', 'greatest' (for greatest hits), 'remix', 'box' (for box sets), 'compilation', 'mixtape', 'soundtrack', 'film', 'cast', 'video', 'other'. Determines the colour used for the infobox.

Default
empty
Example
greatest
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Longtype longtypeLongtype

Can be used if you wish to include information such as the title of the film that an album is the soundtrack to, or the name of the artist that a tribute album is in honor of.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Artist artistArtist

Name of the artist; should be linked.

Default
empty
Example
[[Nirvana (band)|Nirvana]]
Auto value
empty
String required
Artwork coverCoverimage

An image of the official front cover of the original version of the album. The image should normally have a {{Non-free album cover}} image copyright tag and rationale on the image description page.

Default
empty
Example
Nirvana album cover.svg
Auto value
empty
File suggested
Border borderBorder

Setting to 'yes' here will insert a 1px grey border around the cover image.

Default
empty
Example
yes
Auto value
empty
String optional
Alt text altAlt

Text describing the album cover for visually-impaired readers.

Default
empty
Example
Black square with the gray word "NIRVANA" in the center
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Caption captionCaption

If the album has been issued with different front covers, which version the image refers to should be noted here.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Release date releasedReleased

Original album release date. e.g. 'December 14, 2003' or '14 December 2003' depending on the article style.

Default
empty
Example
{{Start date|2002|10|29}}
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Recorded recordedRecorded

Details on where and when the album was recorded.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Venue venueVenue

Place where a live album was recorded.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Studio studioStudio

Place where a studio album was recorded.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Genre genreGenre

One or more music genres that the album reflects, delimited by a comma and linked to corresponding articles.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Length lengthLength

The length of the album in minutes and seconds. Use Template:Duration.

Default
empty
Example
{{Duration|m=49|s=38}}
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Language languageLanguage

Language or languages used in the lyrics of the album.

Default
empty
Example
[[French language|French]]
Auto value
empty
String optional
Label labelLabel

The record label that the album was originally released on.

Default
empty
Example
[[DGC Records|DGC]]
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Director directorDirector

For video albums. The name of the director.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Producer producerProducer

The name of the producer or producers. The names can be delimited by commas or {{flatlist}}.

Default
empty
Example
[[George Martin]]
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Compiler compilerCompiler

Only for compilations. The person or entity responsible for selecting the album's track.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Previous release title prev_title

Title of the previous release in the artist's chronology. Link when appropriate.

Default
empty
Example
[[From the Muddy Banks of the Wishkah]]
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Previous release year prev_year

Year of the previous release in the artist's chronology.

Default
empty
Example
1996
Auto value
empty
Date suggested
Year year

Year the album was released. Usually not necessary; release date should be in the "release date" parameter

Default
empty
Example
2002
Auto value
empty
Date optional
Next release title next_title

Title of the next release in the artist's chronology. Link when appropriate.

Default
empty
Example
[[With the Lights Out]]
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Next release year next_year

Year of the next release in the artist's chronology.

Default
empty
Example
2004
Auto value
empty
Date suggested
Previous album last_albumLast album

The previous album. Name in italics and date.

Default
empty
Example
''[[From the Muddy Banks of the Wishkah]]''<br />(1996)
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
This album this_albumThis album

This album for the chronology, bold and italic.

Default
empty
Example
'''''Nirvana''''' <br /> (2002)
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Next album next_albumNext album

The next album. Name in italics and date.

Default
empty
Example
''[[With the Lights Out]]''<br />(2004)
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Chronology chronologyChronology

Name used as heading for Chronology. Default is the artist's name.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Miscellaneous miscMisc

Other details can include templates {{Extra chronology}}, {{Extra album cover}}, and {{Singles}}.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional

Tracking categories[edit]

See also[edit]