From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

ZooKeys-148-105-g001 Nanotermes isaacae.jpg
Nanotermes isaacae in Cambay amber.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Blattodea
Infraorder: Isoptera
Nanorder: Neoisoptera
Family: Termitidae
Latreille, 1802

See text

Termitidae is a family of termites whose members are commonly known as the higher termites. They are evolutionarily the most specialised termite group, with their gut having a high capacity to degrade lignocellulose.

The family contains the following subfamilies:[1]

  • Termitidae Latreille, 1802
    • Subfamily Apicotermitinae Grassé & Noirot, 1954 [1955] (synonym: Indotermitidae Roonwal & Sen Sarma in Roonwal, 1958)
    • Subfamily Cubitermitinae Weidner, 1956
    • Subfamily Foraminitermitinae Holmgren, 1912 (synonym: Pseudomicrotermitinae Holmgren, 1912)
    • Subfamily Macrotermitinae Kemner, 1934, nomen protectum [ICZN 2003] (synonyms: Acanthotermitinae Sjöstedt, 1926, nomen rejiciendum [ICZN 2003]; Odontotermitini Weidner, 1956
    • Subfamily Nasutitermitinae Hare, 1937
    • Subfamily Sphaerotermitinae Engel & Krishna, 2004a
    • Subfamily Syntermitinae Engel & Krishna, 2004a (synonym: Cornitermitinae Ensaf et al., 2004, nomen nudum)
    • Subfamily Termitinae Latreille, 1802 (synonyms: Microcerotermitinae Holmgren, 1910b; Amitermitinae Kemner, 1934 (disputed); Mirocapritermitinae Kemner, 1934; Mirotermitini Weidner, 1956; Capritermitini Weidner, 1956)


  1. ^ Engel, M.S. (2011). "Family-group names for termites (Isoptera), redux". ZooKeys (148): 171–184. doi:10.3897/zookeys.148.1682. PMC 3264418. PMID 22287896.