Texas Park Road 3
|Maintained by TxDOT|
|Length:||1.160 mi (1.867 km)|
|Existed:||September 26, 1939 – present|
|East end:||SH 118 in Davis Mountains State Park|
|West end:||Indian Lodge in Davis Mountains State Park|
Park Road 3 (PR 3) is a 1.2-mile (1.9 km) Park Road located near Fort Davis, in the U.S. state of Texas. The highway connects the Indian Lodge of Davis Mountains State Park to State Highway 118 (SH 118). The entire length of the road is located within the park. The highway was constructed in 1933 by the Civilian Conservation Corps.
The highway currently has one suffixed route, Park Road 3A, also known as Skyline Drive. This route is 2.8 miles (4.5 km) long, which is longer than its parent route. This road was created in 1965.
PR 3's 1.2-mile (1.9 km) main road begins at SH 118. Immediately after the intersection, PR 3 divides into two one-way roadways separated by the park headquarters and reuniting just beyond. The road then continues westward through Keesey Canyon one-half mile (0.8 km) passing a couple of small hiking trails to the intersection with PR 3A. Beyond PR 3A, several drives branch off as loops accessing campsites, staff residences, and other park facilities. The road makes a sharp curve and a steep upward grade before ending at Indian Lodge 1.2-mile (1.9 km) west of the intersection with PR 3A.
In 1924, the Texas Legislature directed the State Parks Board, a predecessor agency to the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, to consider establishing a major destination park within the Davis Mountains. After the parks board failed to receive appropriations or donated land for a new park, the Legislature then instructed the State Highway Department, which preceded the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), to build a Davis Mountains State Park Highway in 1927. Landowners finally agreed to donate land for the park in 1933 to boost the local economy devastated by the Great Depression. With the creation of the park, a state park highway was no longer necessary, and that highway initially became SH 166.
Construction of PR 3 began in 1933 soon after the establishment of the state park. Like the park, the road was originally constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps. The road at this time consisted of the main route between the park entrance and Indian Lodge.
|1.160||1.867||SH 118 – Fort Davis, Kent||Eastern terminus|
|0.723||1.164||PR 3A (Skyline Drive)|
|0.000||0.000||Indian Lodge||Western terminus|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
Park Road 3A
|Location:||Davis Mountains State Park|
|Length:||2.529 mi (4.070 km)|
Park Road 3A (PR 3A) known as Skyline Drive is a 2.8-mile-long (4.5 km) suffixed spur of PR 3. The road travels from a junction with PR 3 to the border of the state park, and provides access to a trail leading to Fort Davis National Historic Site.
The road begins at PR 3 and crosses Keesey Creek before turning east in Keesey Canyon. Like PR 3, the road also has connecting drives acting as loops and cul-de-sacs to campgrounds and park facilities. After leaving the campground, the road begins steeply ascending the ridge between Keesey and Hospital canyons on a climb requiring several switchbacks. The road connects with drives to scenic overlooks, picnic tables, and trail heads before terminating after 2.8 miles (4.5 km) at a scenic overlook and trail head at the boundary between the park and Fort Davis National Historic Site.
|0.000||0.000||PR 3||Western terminus|
|2.387||3.842||Access to Skyline Drive Trail|
|2.529||4.070||Cul-de-sac; hiking trail to Fort Davis National Historic Site||Eastern terminus|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Park Road No. 3". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
- Davis Mountains State Park (PDF) (Map) (2009 ed.). Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. 2009. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- Google (June 5, 2012). "Route of Park Road 3" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- Staff. "Davis Mountains State Park". The Look of Nature: Designing Texas State Parks During the Great Depression. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- Klepper, E. Dan (October 2006). "Sky Island". Texas Parks & Wildlife. Austin, TX: Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. 64 (10). ISSN 0040-4586. Retrieved December 14, 2009.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 118". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 12, 2009.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 166". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 12, 2009.
- Statewide Planning Map (Map). Cartography by Transportation Planning and Programming Division. Texas Department of Transportation. 2012. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2014). Texas County Map Book (PDF) (Map) (2014 ed.). 1:120,000. Texas Department of Transportation. p. 42. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- Geographic data related to Park Road 3 at OpenStreetMap
- Geographic data related to Park Road 3A at OpenStreetMap
- Davis Mountains State Park website
- Indian Lodge website