Teylers Eerste Schilderijenzaal
The Eerste Schilderijenzaal, or Painting Gallery I, is one of two art gallery rooms in Teylers Museum and is the oldest art gallery for contemporary Dutch art in the Netherlands. It was built onto the back of Teylers Oval Room in 1838. It was the young museum's first exhibition space for paintings and could be entered through the Oval Room, which was itself located behind the Fundatiehuis, the former home of Pieter Teyler van der Hulst.
Teylers Foundation started collecting contemporary Dutch paintings in 1821. The paintings were either commissioned directly from the painters or acquired at exhibitions. The first room used to display paintings was the room that is today used as a print cabinet and was added to the Oval room in 1824 along with the library room upstairs. The lack of light quickly made viewing the paintings there unpopular and it was used mostly for lectures and experiments. According to the archives, the expansion was done by the foundation's own building crew that was on hand for day-to-day improvements. The gallery had large curved windows like the Oval room, which have since been closed. An impression of the original windows can be seen in a charcoal sketch by Johan Conrad Greive in 1862. The collection today is mostly based on that same group of paintings. The gallery also contains a table that was used to hold the portfolios of drawings and a similar portfolio with Rembrandt and Michelangelo reproductions can still be consulted (the actual drawings are held in special storage).
The selection of paintings was done mostly according to the advice of the curator and concierge, who lived in the Fundatiehuis. For the early days this was Vincent Jansz van der Vinne. Van der Vinne was replaced by Wybrand Hendriks, whose own works, those of his friends, and works by his successor Gerrit Jan Michaëlis hang in the gallery. No works by Van der Vinne are represented, who left Teylers after a disagreement with Martin van Marum. One of the first large canvases to be purchased (1825) was Storm at sea, by the marine painter Johannes Christiaan Schotel. A few years later, its counterpart was ordered: Calm sea. It is striking that, in the early period, paintings were often bought in pairs.
List of painters in alphabetical order, accompanied by an example hanging in the first gallery:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Teylers Museum/Painting Gallery I.|
- Teyler 1778-1978. Studies en bijdragen over Teylers Stichting naar aanleiding van het tweede eeuwfeest, Haarlem & Antwerp, 1978.
- A. Ouwerkerk, Romantiek aan het Spaarne. Schilderijen tot 1850 uit de collectie van Teylers Museum Haarlem (Amsterdam 2010) (in Dutch).
- H.J. Scholten, Catalogus met beschrijving van de schilderijender kunstverzameling van Teylers Stichting te Haarlem (Haarlem 1894) (First catalogue of the paintings collection by Teylers curator Hendrik Scholten).
- museum website on the duties of the curator and resident caretaker (the kastelein).
- Teylers Museum collection database online (in Dutch)
|Dutch Rijksmonument 513441|