The Chase (1966 film)
|Directed by||Arthur Penn|
|Produced by||Sam Spiegel|
|Written by||Lillian Hellman screenplay (Spiegel had it rewritten)|
|Based on||The Chase
by Horton Foote
E. G. Marshall
|Music by||John Barry|
Robert Surtees (uncredited)
|Edited by||Gene Milford|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|Box office||$2.3 million (est. U.S./Canada rentals)|
The Chase is a 1966 Technicolor American drama film in Panavision directed by Arthur Penn and starring Marlon Brando, Jane Fonda, and Robert Redford, about a series of events set into motion by a prison break. Because one of the two escapees is Charlie "Bubber" Reeves (Redford), wrongly assumed to be responsible for a murder, the escape causes a stir in a nearby town where Bubber is a well-known figure. The supporting cast features E. G. Marshall, Angie Dickinson, Janice Rule, Miriam Hopkins, Martha Hyer, and Robert Duvall.
Sheriff Calder (Marlon Brando), who continues to believe in Bubber's innocence, expects him to return to his hometown, where Bubber's lonely wife Anna (Jane Fonda) is now involved in a romantic affair with Bubber's best friend, Val Rogers' son Jake (James Fox).
Bubber is left on his own after the second fugitive kills a stranger for his car and clothes. The townspeople, conflicted about his guilt or innocence, socialize and drink heavily while awaiting Bubber's return. They include the hostile Emily Stewart (Janice Rule), who openly expresses her lust for Damon Fuller (Richard Bradford) in front of her husband, Edwin (Robert Duvall).
As the drinking and quarreling intensify, a group of vigilantes demand action from Calder. When he defies them, they beat Calder brutally before the sheriff's loyal wife Ruby (Angie Dickinson) is able to get to his side.
Bubber sneaks into town, hiding in an auto junkyard. Anna and Jake willingly set out to help him, and the townspeople follow, turning the event into a drunken revelry and setting the junkyard on fire, causing an explosion which mortally wounds Jake. A bloodied and beaten Calder manages to get to Bubber first, but while leading him into the jail, one of the vigilantes Archie (Steve Ihnat) aims a gun at Bubber and shoots him.
By morning, Calder has had enough of these people, and he and Ruby leave town forever.
- Marlon Brando as Sheriff Calder
- Jane Fonda as Anna Reeves
- Robert Redford as Charlie "Bubber" Reeves
- E. G. Marshall as Val Rogers
- Angie Dickinson as Ruby Calder
- Janice Rule as Emily Stewart
- Miriam Hopkins as Mrs. Reeves
- Martha Hyer as Mary Fuller
- Richard Bradford as Damon Fuller
- Robert Duvall as Edwin Stewart
- James Fox as Jason "Jake" Rogers
- Diana Hyland as Elizabeth Rogers
- Henry Hull as Briggs
- Jocelyn Brando as Mrs. Briggs
- Katherine Walsh as Verna Dee
- Lori Martin as Cutie
- Marc Seaton as Paul (as Marc Skaton)
- Paul Williams as Seymour
- Clifton James as Lem
- Malcolm Atterbury as Mr. Reeves
- Steve Ihnat as Archie
Outline and production
The film deals with themes of racism (including scenes in which black men are harassed by white men), sexual revolution (many of the characters are openly engaged in affairs), small-town corruption (the sheriff is falsely assumed to be in the pocket of the man who helped appoint him), and vigilantism (in the form of townspeople who openly defy the sheriff in their search for Bubber). The movie is perhaps best known for a scene in which the sheriff played by Marlon Brando is brutally beaten by Richard Bradford, one of the three vigilantes; Brando would later cite this scene as an example of Method acting.
Paul Williams thought this movie would be his big break, but after working on the film for three months, he had just a small part. Faye Dunaway auditioned for the film, but Jane Fonda was cast in the role of Anna Reeves. Following this, Arthur Penn tested Dunaway and cast her for his next film, Bonnie and Clyde.
On release, the film gained generally positive reviews from critics, but Richard Schickel was dismissive in Life magazine. Pointing out its origins in the Horton Foote play, he wrote: "The Chase is no longer a modest failure ... it has been turned into a disaster of awesome proportions". Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 80% of critics have given the film a positive review, with a rating average of 6.5/10.
During an interview years after the film was released, Arthur Penn expressed his dissatisfaction with the film: "Everything in that film was a letdown, and I'm sure every director has gone through the same experience at least once. It's a shame because it could have been a great film."
- "Big Rental Pictures of 1966", Variety, 4 January 1967 p 8
- Paul Williams interview. Songfacts. Retrieved July 9, 2007.
- Richard Schickel "Small Flop Grows Into a Disaster", Life, 60:9, 4 March 1966, p.12
- Penn, Arthur, Michael Chaiken and Paul Cronin (2008). Arthur Penn: Interviews. Jackson: Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 72. ISBN 1604731052. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- Parish, James Robert (2006). Fiasco - A History of Hollywood’s Iconic Flops. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 359 pages. ISBN 978-0-471-69159-4.
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