|Categories||Satirical Magazine, Yippies|
|Based in||New York City, New York|
The Realist was a pioneering magazine of "social-political-religious criticism and satire," intended as a hybrid of a grown-ups version of Mad and Lyle Stuart's anti-censorship monthly The Independent. Edited and published by Paul Krassner, and often regarded as a milestone in the American underground or countercultural press of the mid-20th century, it was a nationally-distributed newsstand publication as early as 1959. Publication was discontinued in 2001.
First published in the spring of 1958 in New York City in the offices of Mad, The Realist appeared on a fairly regular schedule during the 1960s and then on an irregular schedule after the early 1970s. In 1984, it was revived as a much smaller newsletter. Articles and cartoons from the magazine were collected in a book, The Best of the Realist (Running Press, 1984). The final issue of The Realist was #146 (Spring 2001).
The Realist provided a format for extreme satire in its articles, cartoons and Krassner's editorials, but it also carried more traditionally serious material in articles and interviews. The magazine also published political commentary from Norman Mailer, Ken Kesey and Joseph Heller.
Hoaxes and advertising
The first hoax directed toward mainstream culture involved the 1960 edition of the NBC show Masquerade Party. Typically, television network executives would react swiftly and fearfully to viewer complaints, no matter how small or unjustified the viewer response. Testing this premise, angry letters containing no specific complaints at all were sent in response to a particular episode of the innocuous game show.
Among the more successful productions issued by Krassner was a red, white, and blue automobile bumper sticker, decorated with stars, which proclaimed "Fuck Communism". In advertising this item, Krassner advised that if anyone displaying the sticker received criticism, the critic should be told, "Go back to Russia, you Commie lover."
Disneyland Memorial Orgy poster
His Disneyland Memorial Orgy poster, illustrated by Wally Wood, was a highlight of the magazine, so successful that Krassner printed it as a poster that was widely pirated. The poster was recently upgraded by Krassner into a new, digitally-colored version. Other cartoonists featured in The Realist included Howard Shoemaker, Dick Guindon, Mort Gerberg, Bhob Stewart and Lou Myers.
"The Parts That Were Left Out of the Kennedy Book"
Krassner's most successful prank was The Parts That Were Left Out of the Kennedy Book, a grotesque article following the censorship of William Manchester's book on the Kennedy assassination, The Death of a President. At the climax of the short story, Lyndon B. Johnson is on Air Force One sexually penetrating the bullet-hole wound in the throat of JFK's corpse. Krassner acknowledged Marvin Garson, editor of the San Francisco Express Times and husband of Barbara Garson (author of the notorious anti-Johnson play MacBird! ), for coming up with that surreal image. According to Elliot Feldman, "Some members of the mainstream press and other Washington political wonks, including Daniel Ellsberg of Pentagon Papers fame, actually believed this incident to be true." In a 1995 interview for the magazine Adbusters, Krassner commented: "People across the country believed – if only for a moment – that an act of presidential necrophilia had taken place. It worked because Jackie Kennedy had created so much curiosity by censoring the book she authorized – William Manchester's The Death Of A President – because what I wrote was a metaphorical truth about LBJ's personality presented in a literary context, and because the imagery was so shocking, it broke through the notion that the war in Vietnam was being conducted by sane men.".
In 1967, the Canadian campus newspaper The McGill Daily published an excerpt from Krassner's story. The Montreal police confiscated the issue and Rocke Robertson, principal of McGill University, charged student John Fekete, the supplement editor responsible for the publication, before the Senate Discipline Committee.
The Realist was the first satirical magazine to publish conspiracy theories. It was the first magazine to carry Mae Brussell's work on conspiracies, which covered the kidnapping of Patty Hearst, the Watergate scandal, the assassination of JFK and other conspiracy theories.
When the magazine ran into financial difficulties in the 1970s, it was the conspiracy theory element that attracted ex-Beatle John Lennon to donate; saying, "If anything ever happens to me...it won't be an accident."
In 2003, Italian satirist Daniele Luttazzi, whose production company is called "Krassner Entertainment", wrote the short story Stanotte e per sempre (Eng.: Tonight and forever) about the assassination of Italian politician Aldo Moro. In the climax scene, Giulio Andreotti penetrates the bullet wounds in Aldo Moro's corpse. Lewis Black included an excerpt, precisely the final part, from Krassner's story in his 2005 book Nothing's Sacred.
Notable contributors include:
- Paul Krassner
- Lenny Bruce
- Terry Southern
- Ken Kesey
- Richard Pryor
- Joseph Heller
- Woody Allen
- Jules Feiffer
- Mort Sahl
- Dick Guindon
- Herb Gardner
- Norman Mailer
- Robert Anton Wilson
- Robert Crumb
- Gary Trudeau
- Harry Shearer
- Jean Shepherd
- Jerry Rubin
- Abbie Hoffman
- Nicholas Kazan
- Bruce Jay Friedman
- Wally Wood
- Mort Gerberg
- Bhob Stewart
- Lou Myers
- Phil Ochs
- Albert Ellis
- Neil Postman
- Madalyn Murray O'Hair
- Edward Sorel
- Headline of the first issue: "social-political-religious criticism and satire", ep.tc
- Conspiracy Encyclopedia: The Encyclopedia of Conspiracy Theories, Thom Burnett, 2005, p. 86, ISBN 1-59609-156-8
- Michael DooleyJuly (2000) Here Lies Paul Krassner, at AIGA Journal of Graphic Design, vol.18, no. 2, 2000
- Paul Krassner (1960) A Stereophonic Hoax, The Realist n.16 March 1960, pp.5-6
- Paul Krassner (1960) Case History Of a TV Hoax, The Realist n.18 June 1960, pp.1, 3-4
- The Parts That Were Left Out of the Kennedy Book - The Realist, Issue No. 74 - May 1967, cover page and page 18
- Interview with Paul Krassner from Pranks! 2
- Paul Krassner and The Realist by Elliot Feldman
- Cat Simril Interviews Paul Krassner by CAT SIMRILin from "Adbusters Quarterly" Journal of the Mental Environment (Winter 1995 Vol. 3 No. 3)
- Milestones of The McGill Daily
- Deaglio, Enrico (2010) Patria 1978-2008: Un racconto grottesco della vicenda si intitola "Stanotte e per sempre" ed e' a opera di Daniele Luttazzi che lo ha scritto per la rivista Pulp e presentato al Teatro Modena di Genova il 24 novembre 2003. La trama del racconto e' un incubo di Andreotti, che sogna di penetrare sessualmente i fori di proiettile che hanno ucciso Moro, omaggio a Paul Krassner. (p.883)
- Luttazzi, Daniele Stanotte e per sempre
- Art and articles from the magazine were collected in The Best of the Realist: The 60's Most Outrageously Irreverent Magazine (Running Press, 1984).
- Albert Ellis, Ph.D. (1964) if this be heresy... Is pornography harmful to children?, in The Realist No.47 pp. 17–8, 23
- The full contents of every issue of The Realist was made digitally available via The Realist Archive Project, completed November 2010.
- An academic analysis of the magazine's first run titled "To Liberate Communication," available at http://etd.lsu.edu/docs/available/etd-07072010-000611/unrestricted/WagnerThesis.pdf