Allen at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival
Allan Stewart Konigsberg
December 1, 1935
Brooklyn, New York City, U.S.
|Occupation||Director, writer, actor, comedian|
|Children||5, including Ronan Farrow|
|Relatives||Letty Aronson (sister)|
|Awards||See Awards and nominations|
|Medium||Stand-up, film, television, theatre, books|
|Genres||Observational comedy, satire, black comedy, self-deprecation, deadpan|
Heywood "Woody" Allen (born Allan Stewart Konigsberg; December 1, 1935) is an American director, writer, actor, and comedian whose career spans more than six decades. He began his career as a comedy writer in the 1950s, writing jokes and scripts for television and publishing several books of short humor pieces. In the early 1960s, Allen began performing as a stand-up comedian, emphasizing monologues rather than traditional jokes. As a comedian, he developed the persona of an insecure, intellectual, fretful nebbish, which he maintains is quite different from his real-life personality. In 2004, Comedy Central ranked Allen fourth on a list of the 100 greatest stand-up comedians, while a UK survey ranked Allen as the third-greatest comedian.
By the mid-1960s, Allen was writing and directing films, first specializing in slapstick comedies before moving into dramatic material influenced by European art cinema during the 1970s, and alternating between comedies and dramas to the present. He is often identified as part of the New Hollywood wave of filmmakers of the mid-1960s to late 1970s. Allen often stars in his films, typically in the persona he developed as a standup. Some of the best-known of his over 50 films are Annie Hall (1977), Manhattan (1979), Hannah and Her Sisters (1986), and Crimes and Misdemeanors (1989). In 2007 he said Stardust Memories (1980), The Purple Rose of Cairo (1985), and Match Point (2005) were his best films. Critic Roger Ebert described Allen as "a treasure of the cinema".
Allen has received many accolades and honors throughout his career. He has won four Academy Awards: three for Best Original Screenplay and one for Best Director. He also garnered nine British Academy Film Awards. His screenplay for Annie Hall was named the funniest screenplay by the Writers Guild of America in its list of the "101 Funniest Screenplays". In 2011, PBS televised the film biography Woody Allen: A Documentary on the American Masters TV series.
In 1992 Dylan Farrow accused Allen of molesting her, an accusation he has repeatedly denied. The accusation gained new life with the rise of the Me Too movement. In 2019 Amazon canceled the release of his film A Rainy Day in New York, which was filmed in 2017. Allen is suing Amazon for breach of contract for $68 million. As of May 2019[update] the film has been picked up by European distributors and will be released overseas this year. He is currently shooting a new film in Spain.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Works
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Works about Allen
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Allen was born Allan Stewart Konigsberg in the Brooklyn borough of New York City. He and his sister, Letty (b. 1943), were raised in Midwood, Brooklyn. He is the son of Nettie (née Cherry; November 8, 1906 – January 27, 2002), a bookkeeper at her family's delicatessen, and Martin Konigsberg (December 25, 1900 – January 8, 2001), a jewelry engraver and waiter. His family was Jewish, and his grandparents immigrated to the US from Russia and Austria and spoke Yiddish, Hebrew, and German. Both of Allen's parents were born and raised on the Lower East Side of Manhattan.
His childhood was not particularly happy; his parents did not get along, and he had a rocky relationship with his stern, temperamental mother. Allen spoke German quite a bit in his early years. He would later joke that when he was young he was often sent to inter-faith summer camps. While attending Hebrew school for eight years, he went to Public School 99 (now the Isaac Asimov School for Science and Literature) and to Midwood High School, where he graduated in 1953. Unlike his comic persona, he was more interested in baseball than school and his strong arms ensured he was first to be picked for a team. He impressed students with his extraordinary talent with cards and magic tricks.
For pay, he wrote jokes (or "gags") for agent David O. Alber, who sold them to newspaper columnists. At the age of 17, he legally changed his name to Heywood Allen and later began to call himself Woody Allen. According to Allen, his first published joke read: "Woody Allen says he ate at a restaurant that had O.P.S. prices—over people's salaries." He was earning more than both his parents combined. After high school, he attended New York University, studying communication and film in 1953, before dropping out after failing the course "Motion Picture Production". He studied film at City College of New York in 1954 but left before the end of the first semester. He taught himself rather than studying in the classroom. He taught at The New School and studied with writing teacher Lajos Egri.p.74
Allen began writing short jokes when he was 15, and the following year began sending them to various Broadway writers to see if they'd be interested in buying any. He also began going by the name "Woody Allen".:539 One of those writers was Abe Burrows, coauthor of Guys and Dolls, who wrote, "Wow! His stuff was dazzling." Burrows then wrote Allen letters of introduction to Sid Caesar, Phil Silvers, and Peter Lind Hayes, who immediately sent Allen a check for just the jokes Burrows included as samples.:541
As a result of the jokes Allen mailed to various writers, he was invited, then age 19, to join the NBC Writer's Development Program in 1955, followed by a job on The NBC Comedy Hour in Los Angeles. He was later hired as a full-time writer for humorist Herb Shriner, initially earning $25 a week. He began writing scripts for The Ed Sullivan Show, The Tonight Show, specials for Sid Caesar post-Caesar's Hour (1954–1957), and other television shows.p.111 By the time he was working for Caesar, he was earning $1,500 a week. He worked alongside Mel Brooks, Carl Reiner, Larry Gelbart, and Neil Simon. He also worked with Danny Simon, whom Allen credits for helping form his writing style. In 1962 alone he estimated that he wrote twenty thousand jokes for various comics.:533 Allen also wrote for the Candid Camera television show, and appeared in some episodes.
He wrote jokes for the Buddy Hackett sitcom Stanley and for The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom, and in 1958 he co-wrote a few Sid Caesar specials with Larry Gelbart.:542 After writing for many of television's leading comedians and comedy shows, Allen was gaining a reputation as a "genius", composer Mary Rodgers said. When given an assignment for a show he would leave and come back the next day with "reams of paper", according to producer Max Liebman.:542 Similarly, after he wrote for Bob Hope, Hope called him "half a genius".:542
His daily writing routine could go as long as 15 hours, and he could focus and write anywhere necessary. Dick Cavett was amazed at Allen's capacity to write: "He can go to a typewriter after breakfast and sit there until the sun sets and his head is pounding, interrupting work only for coffee and a brief walk, and then spend the whole evening working.":551 When Allen wrote for other comedians, they would use eight out of ten of his jokes. When he began performing as a stand-up, he was much more selective, typically using only one out of ten jokes. He estimated that to prepare for a 30-minute show, he spent six months of intensive writing.:551 He enjoyed writing, however, despite the work: "Nothing makes me happier than to tear open a ream of paper. And I can't wait to fill it! I love to do it.":551
Allen started writing short stories and cartoon captions for magazines such as The New Yorker; he was inspired by the tradition of New Yorker humorists S. J. Perelman, George S. Kaufman, Robert Benchley, and Max Shulman, whose material he modernized. His collections of short pieces includes Getting Even, Without Feathers, Side Effects, and Mere Anarchy. His early comic fiction was influenced by the zany, pun-ridden humor of S.J. Perelman. In 2010, Allen released audio versions of his books in which he read 73 selections. He was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album.
From 1960 to 1969, Allen performed as a stand-up comedian to supplement his comedy writing. His contemporaries during those years included Lenny Bruce, Shelley Berman, the team of Mike Nichols and Elaine May, Joan Rivers and Mort Sahl, his personal favorite. Comedy historian Gerald Nachman notes that Allen, while not the first to do stand-up, would eventually have greater impact than all the others in the 1960s, and would redefine the meaning of stand-up comedy: "He helped turn it into biting, brutally honest satirical commentary on the cultural and psychological tenor of the times.":525
After Allen was taken under the wing of his new manager, Jack Rollins, who had recently discovered Nichols and May, Rollins suggested he perform his written jokes as a stand-up. Allen was resistant at first, but after seeing Mort Sahl on stage, he felt safer to give it a try: "I'd never had the nerve to talk about it before. Then Mort Sahl came along with a whole new style of humor, opening up vistas for people like me.":545 Allen made his professional stage debut at the Blue Angel nightclub in Manhattan in October 1960, where comedian Shelley Berman introduced him as a young television writer who would perform his own material.:545
His early stand-up shows with his different style of humor were not always well received or understood by his audiences. Unlike other comedians, Allen spoke to his audiences in a gentle and conversational style, often appearing to be searching for words, although he was well rehearsed. He acted "normal", dressed casually, and made no attempt to project a stage "personality". And he did not improvise: "I put very little premium on improvisation," he told Studs Terkel.:532 His jokes were created from life experiences, and typically presented with a dead serious demeanor that made them funnier: "I don't think my family liked me. They put a live teddy bear in my crib.":533
The subjects of his jokes were rarely topical, political or socially relevant. Unlike Bruce and Sahl, he did not discuss current events such as civil rights, women's rights, the Cold War, or Vietnam. And although he was described as a "classic nebbish", he did not tell Jewish jokes. Comedy screenwriter Larry Gelbart compared Allen's style to Elaine May: "He just styled himself completely after her," he said.:546 Like Nichols and May, he often made fun of intellectuals.
Television talk show host Dick Cavett, who was among the minority who quickly appreciated Allen's unique style, recalls seeing the audience at the Blue Angel mostly ignore Allen's monologue: "I recognized immediately that there was no young comedian in the country in the same class with him for sheer brilliance of jokes, and I resented the fact that the audience was too dumb to realize what they were getting.":550 It was his subdued stage presence, while initially unappreciated, that eventually became one of Allen's strongest traits, explains Nachman: "The utter absence of showbiz veneer and shtick was the best shtick any comedian had ever devised. This uneasy onstage naturalness became a trademark.":530 When he was finally noticed by the media, writers like New York Times' Arthur Gelb described Allen's nebbish quality as "Chaplinesque" and "refreshing".
Allen developed an anxious, nervous, and intellectual persona for his stand-up act, a successful move that secured regular gigs for him in nightclubs and on television. He brought innovation to the comedy monologue genre and his stand-up comedy is considered influential. Allen first appeared on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson on November 1, 1963, and over nine years his guest appearances included 17 in the host's chair. He subsequently released three LP albums of live nightclub recordings: the self-titled Woody Allen (1964), Volume 2 (1965), and The Third Woody Allen Album (1968), recorded at a fund-raiser for Senator Eugene McCarthy's presidential run.
In 1965, Allen had his own TV special in Great Britain, The Woody Allen Show. In 1967 he hosted an episode of The Kraft Music Hall where he would intersperse humor with interviews of famous people, including conservative writer William F. Buckley. In 1969 he hosted his first American special for CBS television which included a humorous spot with The Rev. Billy Graham. He also performed stand-up comedy on other series, including The Andy Williams Show and The Perry Como Show, where he interacted with other guests and occasionally sang. In 1971 Allen hosted one of his final Tonight Shows, which included as guests Bob Hope and James Coco.
In 1966, Allen wrote the play Don't Drink the Water. The play starred Lou Jacobi, Kay Medford, Anita Gillette and Allen's future movie co-star Tony Roberts. A film adaptation of the play, directed by Howard Morris, was released in 1969, starring Jackie Gleason. Because he was not particularly happy with the 1969 film version of his play, in 1994, Allen directed and starred in a second version for television, with Michael J. Fox and Mayim Bialik.
The next play Allen wrote for Broadway was Play It Again, Sam, in which he also starred. The play opened on February 12, 1969, and ran for 453 performances. It featured Diane Keaton and Roberts. The play was significant to Keaton's budding career, and she has said she was in "awe" of Allen even before auditioning for her role, which was the first time she met him. During an interview in 2013, Keaton said that she "fell in love with him right away," adding, "I wanted to be his girlfriend so I did something about it." After co-starring alongside Allen in the subsequent film version of Play It Again, Sam, she later co-starred in Sleeper, Love and Death, Interiors, Manhattan and Annie Hall. "He showed me the ropes and I followed his lead. He is the most disciplined person I know. He works very hard," Keaton has said.
In 1981, his play The Floating Light Bulb premiered on Broadway and ran for 65 performances. While receiving mixed reviews, it gave autobiographical insight into Allen's childhood, specifically his fascination with magic tricks. He has written several one-act plays, including Riverside Drive and Old Saybrook, exploring well-known Allen themes.
On October 20, 2011, Allen's one-act play Honeymoon Motel opened on Broadway as part of a larger piece titled Relatively Speaking, with two other one-act plays, one by Ethan Coen and one by Elaine May.
On March 11, 2014, Allen's musical Bullets Over Broadway opened on Broadway at the St. James Theatre. The show starred Zack Braff, Nick Cordero, and Betsy Wolfe. Allen received a Tony Award nomination for Best Book of a Musical. The show received six Tony nominations in total.
His first movie was the Charles K. Feldman production What's New, Pussycat? in 1965, for which he wrote the screenplay. He was disappointed with the final product, which inspired him to direct every film he wrote thereafter. Allen's first directorial effort was What's Up, Tiger Lily? (1966, co-written with Mickey Rose), in which an existing Japanese spy movie—Kokusai himitsu keisatsu: Kagi no kagi (1965), "International Secret Police: Key of Keys"—was redubbed in English by Allen and friends with fresh new, comic dialogue. In 1967, Allen played Jimmy Bond in the 007 spoof Casino Royale.
Allen directed, starred in, and co-wrote (with Mickey Rose) Take the Money and Run in 1969, which received positive reviews. He later signed a deal with United Artists to produce several films. Those films eventually became Bananas (1971, co-written with Rose), Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex* (*But Were Afraid to Ask) (1972), Sleeper (1973), and Love and Death (1975). Sleeper was the first of four screenplays co-written by Allen and Marshall Brickman.
In 1972, Allen wrote and starred in the film version of Play It Again, Sam, directed by Herbert Ross and co-starring Diane Keaton. In 1976, he starred as cashier Howard Prince in The Front, directed by Martin Ritt. The Front was a humorous and poignant account of Hollywood blacklisting during the 1950s; Ritt, screenwriter Walter Bernstein, and three of Allen's cast-mates, Samuel "Zero" Mostel, Herschel Bernardi, and Lloyd Gough, had themselves been blacklisted.
Then came two of Allen's most popular films: Annie Hall and Manhattan. Annie Hall (1977) won four Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Actress in a Leading Role for Diane Keaton, Best Original Screenplay and Best Director for Woody Allen. Annie Hall set the standard for modern romantic comedy and ignited a fashion trend with the clothes Keaton wore in the film. In an interview with journalist Katie Couric, Keaton did not deny that Allen wrote the part for her and about her. The film is ranked at No. 35 on the American Film Institute's "100 Best Movies" and at No. 4 on the AFI list of "100 Best Comedies."
Manhattan (1979) is a black-and-white film often viewed as an homage to New York City. As in many Allen films, the main protagonists are upper-middle class writers and academics. The love–hate opinion of cerebral persons found in Manhattan is characteristic of many of Allen's movies, including Crimes and Misdemeanors and Annie Hall. Manhattan focuses on the complicated relationship between middle-aged Isaac Davis (Allen) and 17-year-old Tracy (Mariel Hemingway), and co-stars Diane Keaton.
Keaton, who made eight movies with Allen during her career, tries to explain why his films are unique: "He just has a mind like nobody else. He's bold. He's got a lot of strength, a lot of courage in terms of his work. And that is what it takes to do something really unique. Along with a genius imagination."
Allen's 1980s films, even the comedies, have somber and philosophical undertones, and are influenced by European directors, specifically Ingmar Bergman and Federico Fellini. Stardust Memories was based on 8½, which it parodies, and Wild Strawberries. A Midsummer Night's Sex Comedy was adapted from Smiles of a Summer Night. In Hannah and Her Sisters, part of the film's structure and background is borrowed from Fanny and Alexander. Amarcord inspired Radio Days. September resembles Autumn Sonata. Allen uses many elements from Wild Strawberries. In Crimes and Misdemeanors, Allen references a scene from Wild Strawberries.
Stardust Memories (1980) features Sandy Bates, a successful filmmaker played by Allen, who expresses resentment and scorn for his fans. Overcome by the recent death of a friend from illness, Bates says, "I don't want to make funny movies anymore" and a running gag has various people (including visiting space aliens) telling him that they appreciate his films, "especially the early, funny ones." Allen believes this to be one of his best films.
—Woody Allen (1993)
A Midsummer Night's Sex Comedy (1982) was the first movie Allen made starring Mia Farrow, who stepped into Diane Keaton's role when Keaton was shooting Reds. He next produced a vividly idiosyncratic tragicomic parody of documentary, Zelig, in which he starred as a Leonard Zelig, a man who has the ability to transform his appearance to that of the people surrounding him.
Allen has combined tragic and comic elements in such films as Hannah and Her Sisters (1986) and Crimes and Misdemeanors (1989), in which he tells two stories that connect at the end. He also made three films about show business: Broadway Danny Rose, in which he plays a New York show business agent, The Purple Rose of Cairo, a movie that shows the importance of the cinema during the Depression through the character of the naive Cecilia, and Radio Days, a film about his childhood in Brooklyn and the importance of the radio. The film co-starred Farrow in a part Allen wrote specifically for her. The Purple Rose of Cairo was named by Time as one of the 100 best films of all time. Allen called it one of his three best films with Stardust Memories and Match Point. By "best" he means they came closest to his vision. In 1989, Allen and directors Francis Ford Coppola and Martin Scorsese made New York Stories, an anthology film about New Yorkers. Allen's short, Oedipus Wrecks, is about a neurotic lawyer and his critical mother. Film critic Vincent Canby of The New York Times praised Allen's segment of the anthology.
His 1991 film Shadows and Fog is a black-and-white homage to the German expressionists and features the music of Kurt Weill. Allen then made his critically acclaimed comedy-drama Husbands and Wives (1992), which received two Oscar nominations: Best Supporting Actress for Judy Davis and Best Original Screenplay for Allen. Manhattan Murder Mystery (1993) combined suspense with dark comedy and marked the return of Diane Keaton, Alan Alda and Anjelica Huston.
He returned to lighter movies like Bullets over Broadway (1994), which earned an Academy Award nomination for Best Director, followed by a musical, Everyone Says I Love You (1996). The singing and dancing scenes in Everyone Says I Love You are similar to musicals starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers. The comedy Mighty Aphrodite (1995), in which Greek drama plays a large role, won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for Mira Sorvino. Allen's 1999 jazz-based comedy-drama Sweet and Lowdown was nominated for two Academy Awards, for Sean Penn (Best Actor) and Samantha Morton (Best Supporting Actress). In contrast to these lighter movies, Allen veered into darker satire toward the end of the decade with Deconstructing Harry (1997) and Celebrity (1998).
Allen made one sitcom "appearance" via telephone on the show Just Shoot Me! in a 1997 episode, "My Dinner with Woody", that paid tribute to several of his films. Allen provided the voice of Z in DreamWorks' first animated film, Antz (1998), which featured many actors he had worked with; Allen's character was similar to his earlier neurotic roles.
Small Time Crooks (2000) was Allen's first film with the DreamWorks studio and represented a change in direction: he began giving more interviews and made an attempt to return to his slapstick roots. The film is similar to the 1942 film Larceny, Inc. (from a play by S.J. Perelman). Allen never commented on whether this was deliberate or if his film was in any way inspired by it. Small Time Crooks was a relative financial success, grossing over $17 million domestically, but Allen's next four films foundered at the box office, including Allen's most costly film, The Curse of the Jade Scorpion (with a budget of $26 million). Hollywood Ending, Anything Else, and Melinda and Melinda have "rotten" ratings on film-review website Rotten Tomatoes and each earned less than $4 million domestically. Some critics claimed that Allen's early 2000s films were subpar and expressed concern that his best years were behind him. Others were less harsh; reviewing the little-liked Melinda and Melinda, Roger Ebert wrote, "I cannot escape the suspicion that if Woody had never made a previous film, if each new one was Woody's Sundance debut, it would get a better reception. His reputation is not a dead shark but an albatross, which with admirable economy Allen has arranged for the critics to carry around their own necks."
Match Point (2005) was one of Allen's most successful films of the decade, garnering positive reviews. Set in London, it starred Jonathan Rhys Meyers and Scarlett Johansson. It is markedly darker than Allen's first four films with DreamWorks SKG. In Match Point, Allen shifted focus from the intellectual upper class of New York to the moneyed upper class of London. The film earned more than $23 million domestically (more than any of his films in nearly 20 years) and over $62 million in international box office sales. Match Point earned Allen his first Academy Award nomination since 1998, for Best Writing – Original Screenplay, with directing and writing nominations at the Golden Globes, his first Globe nominations since 1987. In a 2006 interview with Premiere Magazine, he said it was the best film he had ever made.
Allen reached an agreement to film Vicky Cristina Barcelona in Avilés, Barcelona, and Oviedo, Spain, where shooting started on July 9, 2007. The movie featured Scarlett Johansson, Javier Bardem, Rebecca Hall and Penélope Cruz. Vicky Cristina Barcelona won Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy at the Golden Globe awards. Penélope Cruz received the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.
"In the United States things have changed a lot, and it's hard to make good small films now," Allen said in a 2004 interview. "The avaricious studios couldn't care less about good films—if they get a good film they're twice as happy but money-making films are their goal. They only want these $100 million pictures that make $500 million."
In April 2008, he began filming Whatever Works, a film aimed more toward older audiences, starring Larry David, Patricia Clarkson, and Evan Rachel Wood. Released in 2009 and described as a dark comedy, it follows the story of a botched suicide attempt turned messy love triangle. Whatever Works was written by Allen in the 1970s, and David's character was written for Zero Mostel, who died the year Annie Hall came out.
You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger, filmed in London, stars Antonio Banderas, Josh Brolin, Anthony Hopkins, Anupam Kher, Freida Pinto and Naomi Watts. Filming started in July 2009. It was released theatrically in the US on September 23, 2010, following a Cannes debut in May 2010, and a screening at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 12, 2010.
Allen announced that his next film would be titled Midnight in Paris starring Owen Wilson, Marion Cotillard, Rachel McAdams, Michael Sheen, Corey Stoll, Allison Pill, Tom Hiddleston, Adrien Brody, Kathy Bates, and Carla Bruni, the First Lady of France at the time of production. The film follows a young engaged couple in Paris who see their lives transformed. It debuted at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival on May 12, 2011. Allen said he wanted to "show the city emotionally," during the press conference. "I just wanted it to be the way I saw Paris – Paris through my eyes," he added. The film was almost universally praised, receiving a 93% on Rotten Tomatoes. Midnight in Paris won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay and became his highest-grossing film, making $151 million worldwide on a $17 million budget.
His next film, To Rome with Love, was a Rome-set comedy released in 2012. The film was structured in four vignettes featuring dialogue in both Italian and English. It marked Allen's return to acting since his last role in Scoop.
Blue Jasmine debuted in July 2013. The film is set in San Francisco and New York, and stars Alec Baldwin, Cate Blanchett, Louis C.K., Andrew Dice Clay, Sally Hawkins, and Peter Sarsgaard. Opening to critical acclaim, the film earned Allen another Academy Award nomination for Best Original Screenplay, and Blanchett received the Academy Award for Best Actress. Allen co-starred with John Turturro in Fading Gigolo, written and directed by Turturro, which premiered in September 2013. In 2013, Allen shot the romantic comedy Magic in the Moonlight with Emma Stone, and Colin Firth in Nice, France. The film is set in the 1920s on the French Riviera.
From July through August 2014, Allen filmed the mystery drama Irrational Man in Newport, Rhode Island, with Joaquin Phoenix, Emma Stone, Parker Posey and Jamie Blackley. Allen has said that this film, as well as the next three he has planned, have the financing and full support of Sony Pictures Classics. Allen's next film, Café Society, starred an ensemble cast, including Jesse Eisenberg, Kristen Stewart, and Blake Lively. Bruce Willis was set to co-star, but was replaced by Steve Carell during filming. The film is distributed by Amazon Studios, and opened the 2016 Cannes Film Festival on May 11, 2016, the third time Allen has opened the festival.
On January 14, 2015, it was announced that Allen would write and direct a TV series of half-hour episodes for Amazon Studios, marking the first time he has developed a television show. It was to be available exclusively on Amazon Prime Instant Video, and Amazon Studios had already ordered a full season. Allen said of the series, "I don't know how I got into this. I have no ideas and I'm not sure where to begin. My guess is that Roy Price [the head of Amazon Studios] will regret this." At the 2015 Cannes Film Festival, Allen said, in reference to his upcoming Amazon show, "It was a catastrophic mistake. I don't know what I'm doing. I'm floundering. I expect this to be a cosmic embarrassment." On September 30, 2016, Amazon Video debuted Allen's first television series production, Crisis in Six Scenes. The series is a comedy that takes place during the 1960s. It focuses on the life of a suburban family after a surprise visitor creates chaos among them. It stars Allen alongside Elaine May and Miley Cyrus. Cyrus plays a radical hippie fugitive who sells marijuana.
In September 2016, Allen started filming Wonder Wheel, set in the 1950s in Coney Island, and starring Kate Winslet and Justin Timberlake. The film served as the closing night selection at the 55th New York Film Festival on October 15, 2017, and was theatrically released on December 1, 2017, as the first movie self-distributed to theaters by Amazon Studios.
His film A Rainy Day in New York, starring Timothée Chalamet, Selena Gomez, Elle Fanning, Jude Law, Diego Luna, Liev Schreiber and Rebecca Hall began production in New York in September 2017. Chalamet, Gomez and Hall announced, in the light of the #MeToo movement, that they would be donating their salaries to various charities.
In February 2019, it was announced that Amazon Studios had dropped A Rainy Day in New York and would no longer finance, produce, or distribute films with Allen. He filed a lawsuit for $68 million dollars, alleging Amazon gave "vague reasons" to terminate the contract, dropped the film over "a 25-year old, baseless allegation" and did not make payments. The same month Allen teamed with Mediapro, an independent TV-film company from Spain, to develop his next film.
In May 2019, it was announced the film would be released in Italy on October 3, 2019, with additional territories to follow.
While best known for his films, Allen has enjoyed a successful career in theatre, starting as early as 1960, when he wrote sketches for the revue From A to Z. His first great success was Don't Drink the Water, which opened in 1968, and ran for 598 performances for almost two years on Broadway. His success continued with Play It Again, Sam, which opened in 1969, starring Allen and Diane Keaton. The show played for 453 performances and was nominated for three Tony Awards, although none of the nominations were for Allen's writing or acting.
In the 1970s, Allen wrote a number of one-act plays, most notably God and Death, which were published in his 1975 collection Without Feathers. In 1981, Allen's play The Floating Light Bulb opened on Broadway. It was a critical success and a commercial flop. Despite two Tony Award nominations, a Tony win for the acting of Brian Backer (who won the 1981 Theater World Award and a Drama Desk Award for his work), the play only ran for 62 performances. After a long hiatus from the stage, Allen returned to the theatre in 1995 with the one-act Central Park West, an installment in an evening of theatre, Death Defying Acts, that also included new work by David Mamet and Elaine May.
For the next few years, Allen had no direct involvement with the stage, but notable productions of his work were staged. A production of God was staged at The Bank of Brazil Cultural Center in Rio de Janeiro, and theatrical adaptations of Allen's films Bullets Over Broadway and September were produced in Italy and France, respectively, without Allen's involvement. In 1997, rumors of Allen returning to the theatre to write a starring role for his wife Soon-Yi Previn turned out to be false. In 2003, Allen finally returned to the stage with Writer's Block, an evening of two one-acts—Old Saybrook and Riverside Drive—that played Off-Broadway. The production marked his stage-directing debut and sold out the entire run. Also in 2003, reports of Allen writing the book for a musical based on Bullets Over Broadway surfaced, and it opened in New York in 2014. The musical closed on August 24, 2014, after 156 performances and 33 previews.
In 2004, Allen's first full-length play since 1981, A Second Hand Memory, was directed by Allen and enjoyed an extended run Off-Broadway. In June 2007, it was announced that Allen would make two more creative debuts in the theatre, directing a work he did not write and directing an opera—a reinterpretation of Puccini's Gianni Schicchi for the Los Angeles Opera—which debuted at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion on September 6, 2008. Commenting on his direction of the opera, Allen said, "I have no idea what I'm doing." His production of the opera opened the Festival of Two Worlds in Spoleto, Italy, in June 2009.
In October 2011, Allen's one-act play Honeymoon Motel premiered as one in a series of one-act plays on Broadway titled Relatively Speaking. Also contributing to the plays are Elaine May and Ethan Coen with John Turturro directing. It was announced in February 2012 that Allen would adapt Bullets over Broadway into a Broadway musical. It opened on April 10, 2014, and closed on August 24, 2014.
In March 2014, Allen's musical Bullets Over Broadway premiered at the St. James Theatre. The cast included Zach Braff, Nick Cordero and Betsy Wolfe. The show was directed and choreographed by Susan Stroman, known for directing the stage and film productions of Mel Brooks's The Producers. The show drew mixed reviews from critics but received six Tony Award nominations, including one for Allen for Best Book of a Musical.
Allen is a passionate fan of jazz, which appears often in the soundtracks to his films. He began playing clarinet as a child and took his stage name from clarinetist Woody Herman. He has performed publicly at least since the late 1960s, including with the Preservation Hall Jazz Band on the soundtrack of Sleeper.
Woody Allen and his New Orleans Jazz Band have been playing each Monday evening at the Carlyle Hotel in Manhattan for many years specializing in New Orleans jazz from the early 20th century. He plays songs by Sidney Bechet, George Lewis, Johnny Dodds, Jimmie Noone, and Louis Armstrong. The documentary film Wild Man Blues (directed by Barbara Kopple) chronicles a 1996 European tour by Allen and his band, as well as his relationship with Previn. The band released the albums The Bunk Project (1993) and the soundtrack of Wild Man Blues (1997). In a 2011 review of a concert by Allen's jazz band, critic Kirk Silsbee of the Los Angeles Times suggested that Allen should be regarded a competent musical hobbyist with a sincere appreciation for early jazz: "Allen's clarinet won't make anyone forget Sidney Bechet, Barney Bigard or Evan Christopher. His piping tone and strings of staccato notes can't approximate melodic or lyrical phrasing. Still his earnestness and the obvious regard he has for traditional jazz counts for something."
Allen and his band played at the Montreal International Jazz Festival on two consecutive nights in June 2008. For many years, Allen wanted to make a film about the origins of jazz in New Orleans. Tentatively titled American Blues, the film would follow the different careers of Louis Armstrong and Sidney Bechet. Allen stated that the film would cost between $80 and $100 million and is therefore unlikely to be made.
Allen has said that he was enormously influenced by comedians Bob Hope, Groucho Marx, Mort Sahl, Charlie Chaplin, W.C. Fields, playwright George S. Kaufman and filmmaker Ingmar Bergman.
Many comedians have cited Allen as an influence, including Louis C.K., Jon Stewart, Chris Rock, John Mulaney, Bill Hader, Aziz Ansari, Sarah Silverman, Seth MacFarlane, Seth Meyers, Bill Maher, Larry David, Albert Brooks, John Cleese and Garry Shandling.
In addition to directing, writing, and acting in films, Allen has written and performed in a number of Broadway theater productions.
|1960||From A to Z||Writer (book)||Plymouth Theatre|
|1966||Don't Drink the Water||Writer||Coconut Grove Playhouse, Florida; Morosco Theatre|
|1969||Play It Again, Sam||Writer, Performer (Allan Felix)||Broadhurst Theatre|
|1981||The Floating Light Bulb||Writer||Vivian Beaumont Theater|
|1995||Central Park West||Writer||Variety Arts Theatre|
|2003||Old Saybrook||Writer, Director||Atlantic Theatre Company|
|2003||Riverside Drive||Writer, Director||Atlantic Theatre Company|
|2004||A Second Hand Memory||Writer, Director||Atlantic Theater Company|
|2011||"Honeymoon Motel" (segment of 3-part anthology play Relatively Speaking)||Writer||Brooks Atkinson Theatre|
|2014||Bullets Over Broadway||Writer (Book)||St. James Theatre|
Allen has been married three times: to Harlene Rosen (m. 1956–1959), Louise Lasser, (m. 1966–1970), and Soon-Yi Previn (m. 1997–present). He also had a 12-year relationship with actress Mia Farrow and relationships with Stacey Nelkin and Diane Keaton.
Early marriages and relationships
In 1956 Allen married Harlene Rosen. He was 20 and she was 17. The marriage lasted until 1959. Rosen, whom Allen called "the Dread Mrs. Allen" in his standup act, sued him for defamation as a result of comments he made during a television appearance shortly after their divorce. In his mid-1960s album Standup Comic, Allen said that Rosen had sued him because of a joke he made in an interview. Rosen had been sexually assaulted outside her apartment. According to Allen, the newspapers reported that she had been "violated". In the interview, Allen said, "Knowing my ex-wife, it probably wasn't a moving violation." In an interview on The Dick Cavett Show, Allen repeated his comments and said he had been sued for "$1 million."
In 1966, Allen married Louise Lasser. They divorced in 1970. Lasser appeared in three of Allen's films: Take the Money and Run, Bananas, and Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex* (*But Were Afraid to Ask). She also appeared briefly in Stardust Memories.
In 1969, Allen cast Diane Keaton in his Broadway show Play It Again, Sam. During the run she and Allen became romantically involved. Although they broke up after a year, she continued to star in his films, including Sleeper as a futuristic poet and Love and Death as a composite character based on the novels of Tolstoy and Dostoevsky. Annie Hall was very important in Allen's and Keaton's careers. It is said that the role was written for her, as Keaton's birth name was Diane Hall. She then starred in Interiors as a poet, followed by Manhattan. In 1987, she had a cameo as a nightclub singer in Radio Days, and she was chosen to replace Mia Farrow in Manhattan Murder Mystery after Allen and Farrow began having problems with their relationship. In total Keaton has starred in eight of Allen's films. As of 2018, Keaton and Allen remain close friends. In a rare public appearance, Allen presented Keaton with the AFI Life Achievement Award in 2017.
According to the Los Angeles Times, Manhattan was based on Allen's romantic relationship with actress Stacey Nelkin. Her bit part in Annie Hall ended up on the cutting room floor, and their relationship, never publicly acknowledged by Allen, reportedly began when she was 17 and a student at Stuyvesant High School in New York. In December 2018, The Hollywood Reporter interviewed Babi Christina Engelhardt, who said she had an eight-year affair with Allen that began in 1976 when she was 17 years old (they met when she was 16), and she believes the character of Tracy in Manhattan is a composite of any number of Allen's presumed other real-life young paramours from that period, not necessarily Nelkin or Engelhardt. When asked, Allen declined to comment.
Allen and Mia Farrow met in 1979 and began a relationship in 1980; Farrow starred in 13 of Allen's films from 1982 to 1992. Throughout the relationship they lived in separate apartments on opposite sides of Central Park in Manhattan. Farrow had seven children when they met: three biological sons from her marriage to composer André Previn, three adopted girls (two Vietnamese and one Korean, Soon-Yi Previn), and an adopted Korean boy, Moses Farrow.
In 1984 she and Allen tried to have a biological child together; Allen agreed to this on the understanding that he need not be involved in the child's care. When the effort to get pregnant failed, Farrow adopted a baby girl, Dylan Farrow, in July 1985. Allen was not involved in the adoption, but when Dylan arrived he assumed a parental role toward her and began spending more time in Farrow's home. On December 19, 1987, Farrow gave birth to their son Satchel Farrow (later known as Ronan Farrow). In 1991 Farrow wanted to adopt another child. According to a 1993 custody hearing, Allen told her he would not object to another adoption so long as she would agree to his adoption of Dylan and Moses; that adoption was finalized in December 1991. Eric Lax, Allen's biographer, wrote in The New York Times that Allen was "there before they [the children] wake up in the morning, he sees them during the day and he helps put them to bed at night".
In 1977, Mia Farrow and André Previn adopted Soon-Yi Previn, who had been abandoned from Seoul. At the time of the adoption, her passport said she was seven years old; a bone scan in the U.S. estimated that she was between five and seven years old.[a] According to Previn, her first friendly interaction with Allen took place when she was injured playing soccer during her junior year of high school and Allen offered to transport her to school. After her injury, she began attending New York Knicks basketball games with Allen. They attended more games and by 1991 had become closer. In September 1991, she began her studies at Drew University in New Jersey.
In January 1992, Farrow found nude photographs of Previn in Allen's home. Allen, then 56, told Farrow that he had taken the photos the day before, approximately two weeks after he first had sex with Previn. Both Farrow and Allen contacted lawyers shortly after the photographs were discovered. Previn was asked to leave summer camp because she was spending too much time taking calls from a "Mr. Simon", who turned out to be Allen.
In an August 1992 interview with Time Magazine Allen said, “I am not Soon-Yi's father or stepfather”, adding, “I’ve never even lived with Mia. I've never in my entire life slept at Mia's apartment, and I never even used to go over there until my children came along seven years ago. I never had any family dinners over there. I was not a father to her adopted kids in any sense of the word.” Adding that Soon-Yi never treated him as a father figure and that he rarely spoke to her before the affair, Allen seemed to see few issues with their relationship.
On August 17, 1992, Allen issued a statement saying that he was in love with Previn. Their relationship became public and "erupted into tabloid headlines and late-night monologues in August 1992."
Allen and Previn were married in Venice, Italy, on December 23, 1997. They have adopted two children, Bechet and Manzie, and live in the Carnegie Hill section of Manhattan's Upper East Side.
Sexual assault allegation
According to court testimony, on August 4, 1992, Allen visited the children at Mia Farrow's home in Bridgewater, Connecticut, while she was shopping with a friend. During the following day, that friend's babysitter told her employer that she had seen that "Dylan was sitting on the sofa, and Woody was kneeling on the floor, facing her, with his head in her lap". When Farrow asked Dylan about it, Dylan allegedly said that Allen had touched Dylan's "private part" while they were alone together in the attic. One woman employed to care for Farrow's children said that for about 20 minutes that afternoon she had not known where Dylan was, while a second said that, at one point, Dylan had been wearing no underwear under her dress. Farrow told Dylan's pediatrician, who informed authorities.
Allen strongly denied the allegation, calling it "an unconscionable and gruesomely damaging manipulation of innocent children for vindictive and self-serving motives". He then began proceedings in New York Supreme Court for sole custody of his and Farrow's son Satchel, as well as Dylan and Moses, their two adopted children. In March 1993 a six-month investigation by the Child Sexual Abuse Clinic of Yale-New Haven Hospital concluded that Dylan had not been sexually assaulted.
In June 1993 Justice Wilk rejected Allen's bid for custody. Wilk said he was less certain than the Yale-New Haven team that there was conclusive evidence that there was no sexual abuse and called Allen's conduct with Dylan "grossly inappropriate", although not sexual. In September 1993 the state prosecutor announced that, despite having "probable cause", he would not pursue charges in order "to avoid the unjustifiable risk of exposing a child to the rigors and uncertainties of a questionable prosecution". In October 1993 the New York Child Welfare Agency of the state Department of Social Services closed a 14-month investigation and concluded there was not credible evidence of abuse or maltreatment and the report was unfounded.
When Allen received a Golden Globe Award for lifetime achievement in 2014, the issue returned to the forefront of media attention. On February 1, 2014, New York Times columnist Nicholas Kristof, with Dylan's permission, published a column that included excerpts from a letter Dylan had written to Kristof about her memories and feelings about the initial episode, public reaction to the issue, and Allen's award. On April 29, 2018, Ronan Farrow commented on the allegations on Preet Bharara's podcast, saying of Allen, "It's hard to escape that at the very least there should be a tremendous cloud of suspicion over this guy and he should never have been allowed other children." On May 23, 2018, Moses Farrow defended Allen against Dylan's and Mia's allegations on his blog, saying that he was in the house that day and did not lose sight of Dylan during his father's entire visit. Allen's daughter Bechet Dumaine Allen supported Moses's comments. On May 24, 2018, Ronan called Moses's comments part of a smear campaign against Dylan.
Works about Allen
Apart from Wild Man Blues, directed by Barbara Kopple, there are other documentaries featuring Woody Allen, including the 2001 cable-television documentary Woody Allen: a Life in Film, directed by Time film critic Richard Schickel, which interlaces interviews of Allen with clips of his films, and Meetin' WA, a short interview of Allen by French director Jean-Luc Godard.
In 2011 the PBS series American Masters co-produced the documentary Woody Allen: a Documentary, directed by Robert B. Weide. New interviews provide insight and backstory with Diane Keaton, Scarlett Johansson, Penelope Cruz, Dianne Wiest, Larry David, Chris Rock, Martin Scorsese, Dick Cavett, and Leonard Maltin among many others.
- Maureen Orth (Vanity Fair, November 1992): "Nobody knows how old Soon-Yi really is. Without ever seeing her, Korean officials put her age down as seven on her passport. A bone scan Mia had done on her in the U.S. put her age at between five and seven. In the family, Soon-Yi is considered to have turned 20 this year , on October 8.
- "Woody Allen | Biography, Movies, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- Gross, Terry (January 27, 2012). "Woody Allen: Blending Real Life With Fiction". Fresh Air. Archived from the original on September 11, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2012.
- "Comedy Central's 100 Greatest Stand-Ups of All Time". Everything2.com. April 18, 2004. Archived from the original on July 15, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
- 100 Greatest Stand-Ups of All Time [Part 5] (YouTube). Comedy Central via Goofy Cartoon. Event occurs at 33:03. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- Thorpe, Vanessa (January 2, 2005). "Cook tops poll of comedy greats". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on January 19, 2018. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- Newton, Michael (January 13, 2012). "Woody Allen: cinema's great experimentalist". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on January 19, 2018. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
In the 1970s, Allen looked irreverent, hip, a part of the New Hollywood generation. In an age of 'auteurs', he was the auteur personified, the writer, director and star of his films, active in the editing, choosing the soundtrack, initiating the projects
- Lax, Eric (November 18, 2007). Conversations With Woody Allen. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0-375-41533-3. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
- Ebert, Roger (May 25, 2011). "Midnight in Paris". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on January 19, 2018. Retrieved June 20, 2011 – via RogerEbert.com.
- McNary, Dave (November 11, 2015). "'Annie Hall' Named Funniest Screenplay by WGA Members". Variety.
- "Woody Allen: A Documentary". American Masters. July 21, 2011. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- "Here's The 1993 Woody Allen Custody Ruling In Its Damning, Detailed Entirety". Huff Post.
- "Dylan Farrow details her sexual assault allegations against Woody Allen". YouTube - CBS This Morning.
- "Woody Allen Is Suing Amazon for Not Releasing His Movies". Vogue.
- "Qué Lástima! Woody Allen Is Filming a New Film in Spain". Vulture. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
- Aridi, Sara (February 21, 2019). "Woody Allen Is Shooting a New Movie in Spain" – via NYTimes.com.
- Lax, Eric (1991). Woody Allen: A Biography. ISBN 9780306809859. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
Woody Allen was born in Brooklyn, New York, in the spring of 1952, when Allan Stewart Konigsberg, who was born in Brooklyn, New York on December 1, 1935, settled on the name as a suitable cover.
- Newman, Andy; Kilgannon, Corey (June 5, 2002). "Curse of the Jaded Audience: Woody Allen, in Art and Life". The New York Times. Retrieved January 16, 2008.
'I think he's slacked off the last few movies', said Norman Brown, 70, a retired draftsman from Mr. Allen's old neighborhood, Midwood, Brooklyn, who said he had seen nearly all of Mr. Allen's 33 films.
- "Martin Konigsberg". Variety. January 16, 2001. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Woody Allen Biography (1935–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- Baxter, John (1998). Woody Allen: A Biography. New York: Carroll & Graf. p. 11. ISBN 978-0786708079.
- Norwood, Stephen Harlan; Pollack, Eunice G. (2008). Encyclopedia of American Jewish history – Stephen Harlan Norwood, Eunice G. Pollack – Google Books. ISBN 9781851096381. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
- Lax, Woody Allen: A Biography, pp. 12–13
- Meade, Marion. "The Unruly Life of Woody Allen". movies2.nytimes.com. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- "The Religious Affiliation of Woody Allen, Influential Director and Actor". Adherents.com. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
- Meade, Marion (2000). The unruly life of Woody Allen: a biography. New York: Scribner. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-684-83374-3. OCLC 42291110.
- "Woody Allen on Life, Films and Whatever Works". June 15, 2009.
- Lax, Eric. Woody Allen: A Biography. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80985-9.
- "Woody Allen : Comedian Profile". Retrieved January 16, 2008.
- Woody Allen at the Encyclopædia Britannica
- "Woody Allen: Rabbit Running". Time. July 7, 1972.
- Schmitz, Paul (December 31, 2011). "Lessons from famous college dropouts". CNN. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- Kelley, Ken (July 1, 1976). "A Conversation with the Real Woody Allen (or Someone Just like Him)". Rolling Stone: 34–40.
- Nachman, Gerland (2003). Seriously Funny: The Rebel Comedians of the 1950s and 1960s. New York City: Pantheon. p. 659. ISBN 978-0-375-41030-7.
- Bernstein, Adam. "TV Comedy Writer Danny Simon Dies". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 17, 2008.
- O'Connor, John J. (February 17, 1987). "'Candid Camera' Marks 40 Years with a Special". The New York Times. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Daniele Luttazzi, preface to the Italian translation of Allen's trilogy Complete prose, ISBN 978-88-452-3307-4 p. 7 quote: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 19, 2007. Retrieved May 19, 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) Retrieved December 1, 2010.
- Allen, Woody (October 24, 2004). "I Appreciate George S. Kaufman". The New York Times. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- "Woody Allen: Rabbit Running". Time: 5–6. July 7, 1972.
I never had a teacher who made the least impression on me. If you ask me who are my heroes, the answer is simple and truthful: George S. Kaufman and the Marx Brothers.
- Kakutani, Michiko (1995). "Woody Allen, The Art of Humor No. 1". The Paris Review. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Galef, David (February 21, 2003). "Getting Even: Literary Posterity and the Case for Woody Allen". South Atlantic Review. 64 (2): 146–160. doi:10.2307/3201987. JSTOR 3201987.
- Itzkoff, Dave (July 20, 2010). "Immortalized by Not Dying: Woody Allen Goes Digital". ArtsBeat. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Scanzi, Andrea (2002). "Man on the moon, interview with comedian Daniele Luttazzi" (in Italian). Il Mucchio Selvaggio.
- "1968 Presidential RaceDemocrats | The Pop History Dig". www.pophistorydig.com. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
- Billy Graham on Woody Allen Show, 1967, 2-part video, 10 min.
- Finch, John; Cox Michael. Granada Television -The First Generation, Manchester University Press (2003) p. 113
- "William F. Buckley on Woody Allen Show, 1967, video, 9 min.
- Woody Allen performing on British TV, 1965
- Woody Allen guest hosts The Tonight Show, 1971
- "LIFE 1969". 2Neat Magazines. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- "Don't Drink the Water – Broadway Play – Original". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- John (December 12, 1994). Made-for-TV Woody. New York: New York. pp. 92–. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- "Play It Again, Sam – Broadway Play – Original". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- O'Grady, Megan (October 19, 2011). "Diane Keaton: The Big Picture". Vogue. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- "Actress Diane Keaton Talks About Woody Allen, Her Career and Personal Life", Netquake, June 2, 2013 Archived August 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
- "The Floating Light Bulb – Broadway Play – Original". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- Rich, Frank (April 28, 1981). "Stage: 'Light Bulb', By Woody Allen". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- Sullivan, Dan (January 12, 1987). "Stage Review : Few Laughs In Allen's 'Light Bulb'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- Isherwood, Charles (October 10, 2011). "'Relatively Speaking' at Brooks Atkinson Theater — Review". The New York Times. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- "Don't Speak, Sing! Bullets Over Broadway, Starring Zach Braff, Opens on the Great White Way". Broadway.com.
- Liebenson, Donald (April 20, 2017). "The Annie Hall That Might Have Been: Inside Woody Allen's Anhedonia". vanityfair.com. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Stevens, Matt; Johnson, Claudia (March 31, 2016). Script Partners: How to Succeed at Co-Writing for Film & TV: How to Succeed at Co-Writing for Film & TV. CRC Press. pp. 37–. ISBN 978-1-317-41792-7.
- on YouTube, video interview, 2 min.
- Wilmington, Michael (October 22, 1989). "rectors (Page 2 of 2) COMMENTARY : Woody Allen Keeps the Faith : 'Crimes and Misdemeanors' tears down the wall between his serious and comic sides (Page 2)". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
- "Stardust Memories review". Retrieved January 17, 2008.
- Kamp, David (November 18, 2007). "Woody Talks". The New York Times. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- Allen, Woody. Woody Allen on Woody Allen, Grove Press (1993) p. 133
- Morgan, David. "The films of Woody Allen". CBS News. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
- Canby, Vincent (July 17, 1983). "Woody Allen Continues to Refine His Cinematic Art". The New York Times. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Corliss, Richard (January 15, 2010). "Best Movies of All Time". Time. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
- Matloff, Jason. "Woody Allen Speaks!". Premiere. Archived from the original on March 17, 2006. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
- Canby, Vincent (March 12, 1989). "Anthologies Can Be A Bargain". The New York Times. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Dowd, A.A. (July 26, 2013). "Woody does German Expressionism in Shadows and Fog". The A.V. Club. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- Evans, Greg (December 21, 1997). "Review: 'The Sunshine Boys'". Variety. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- Clinton, Paul (October 2, 1998). "Review: Woody Allen still Woody in 'Antz'". CNN. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- Robert Osborne of Turner Classic Movies on June 15, 2006
- "Woody Allen – Rotten Tomatoes Celebrity Profile". Archived from the original on June 25, 2007. Retrieved January 17, 2008.
- "Melinda and Melinda review (2004) Woody Allen – Qwipster's Movie Reviews". Retrieved January 17, 2008.
- Ebert, Roger (November 1, 2006). Roger Ebert's Movie Yearbook 2007. ISBN 978-0-7407-6157-7. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
- "Match Point Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved December 30, 2011.
- "Box Office Mojo – People Index". Retrieved January 17, 2008.
- Matloff, Jason (February 2006). "Woody Allen's European Vacation". Premiere. Vol. 19 no. 5. pp. 98–101. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
I think it turned out to be the best film I've ever made.
- Friedman, Roger (March 25, 2015). "Woody Allen's Next Star: Penelope Cruz". Fox News. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Hopewell, John (January 3, 2006). "Spain woos Woody". Variety. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Garfield, Simon (August 8, 2004). "Why I Love London". The Guardian. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Harris, Mark (May 24, 2009). "Twilight of the Tummlers". NYMag.com. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- "Watch out for our Emma in Woody Allen's next movie". Daily Mail. London. March 7, 2008. Retrieved March 8, 2008.
- "Larry David, Evan Rachel Wood to star in Woody Allen's next movie". Hollywood Insider. Archived from the original on February 18, 2008. Retrieved February 7, 2008.
- "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved April 15, 2011.
- McNary, Dave (April 22, 2010). "Woody Allen reveals details of upcoming pic". Variety. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Bagnetto, Laura Angela (May 12, 2011). "Woody Allen's film featuring Carla Bruni opens Cannes Film Festival". RFI. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- "Midnight in Paris (2011)" – via www.rottentomatoes.com.
- "Midnight in Paris (2011) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Hickman, Angela (May 9, 2011). "Woody Allen adds himself to the cast of his next picture". National Post. Archived from the original on May 12, 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Brody, Richard. "Woody Allen's Blue Jasmine". The New Yorker. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Kilday, Gregg (June 4, 2012). "Believe It: Woody Allen's Next Movie Features Louis C.K., Andrew Dice Clay". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- "Blue Jasmine (2013)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 27, 2014.
- Nominees for the 86th Academy Awards | Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (August 24, 2012). Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- Bailey, Cameron (undated). "Fading Gigolo" Archived May 9, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Toronto International Film Festival. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Miller, William (August 4, 2013). "Woody Allen 2014 Film Update: More Images from Antibes and Nice, France". The Woody Allen Pages. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Sieracki, Jill (June 29, 2016). "Blake Lively Talks Working with Woody Allen..." Hamptons. Southampton, New York: GreenGale Publishing. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- Goldstein, Meredith; Shanahan, Mark (July 8, 2014). "Emma Stone stays in Rhode Island for Woody Allen film". Boston Globe. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Itzkoff, Dave (July 20, 2014). "A Master of Illusion Endures". The New York Times. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- Fleming Jr., Mike (March 9, 2015). "Jesse Eisenberg, Bruce Willis, Kristen Stewart To Star In Next Woody Allen Pic". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- Jaafar, Ali; Hipes, Patrick (August 28, 2015). "Steve Carell Replacing Bruce Willis In Woody Allen Movie". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- Chang, Justin; Keslassy, Elsa (March 29, 2016). "Cannes: Woody Allen's 'Cafe Society' to Open Film Festival". Variety. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- Weinstein, Shelli (January 13, 2015). "Woody Allen to Create His First Television Series for Amazon". Variety. Archived from the original on January 13, 2015. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Steel, Emily (January 13, 2015). "Amazon Signs Woody Allen to Write and Direct TV Series". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 13, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- Massa, Annie; Soper, Spencer; Palmeri, Chris (January 13, 2015). "Amazon's Woody Allen Hiring Underscores Video Risk". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on January 13, 2015. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Zeitchik, Steven (May 15, 2015). "Cannes 2015: Woody Allen Sings a Bleak Tune". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California: Tronc. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Chi, Paul (September 16, 2016). "Miley Cyrus Explains Why She's in Awe of Woody Allen: 'He's Never Fake'". Vanity Fair. New York City: Condé Nast. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- Kreps, Daniel (August 8, 2016). "Watch First Clip From Woody Allen's 'Crisis in Six Scenes' TV Show". Rolling Stone. New York City: Wenner Media LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- Ford, Rebecca (June 21, 2016). "Kate Winslet Joining Woody Allen's Next Film". Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles, California: Eldridge Industries. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- "Woody Allen's Wonder Wheel Will Close NYFF55". Retrieved July 27, 2017.
- Lang, Brent (June 12, 2017). "Woody Allen's 'Wonder Wheel' Scores December Release". Variety. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
- Lang, Brent (July 27, 2017). "Amazon Moves Into Self-Distribution With Woody Allen's 'Wonder Wheel'". Variety. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
- Kilday, Gregg (September 11, 2017). "Diego Luna, Liev Schreiber Join Woody Allen's New Movie". The Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles, California: Eldridge Industries. Retrieved September 11, 2017.
- Lee, Benjamin (June 4, 2018). "Woody Allen: 'I should be the poster boy for the #MeToo movement'". The Guardian. London, England: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- Maddus, Gene (February 7, 2019). "Woody Allen Files $68 Million Suit Against Amazon for Film Deal Breach". Variety. New York City: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
- Gardner, Eriq (February 7, 2019). "Woody Allen Sues Amazon for Terminating Movie Deal". The Hollywood Reporter. Los Angeles, California: Eldridge Industries. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
- Hopewell, John; Hopewell, John (February 22, 2019). "Woody Allen Teams With Spain's Mediapro for Next Film".
- Vivarelli, Nick (May 5, 2019). "Woody Allen's 'A Rainy Day in New York' to be Released in Italy (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
- The Broadway League (March 14, 1970). "Internet Broadway Database: Play It Again, Sam Production Credits". Ibdb. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- The Broadway League. "Internet Broadway Database: The Floating Light Bulb Production Credits". Ibdb.com. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- "Death Defying Acts and No One Shall Be Immune – David Mamet Society". Mamet.eserver.org. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- "Allen's God Shows Up in Rio, Jan. 16". Playbill. January 15, 1998. Archived from the original on February 6, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- "Playbill News: Woody Allen Adaptation Debuts at Italian Theater Festival, Aug. 1". Playbill. July 31, 1998. Archived from the original on February 6, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- "Playbill News: Stage Version of Woody Allen's September to Bow in France, Sept. 16". Playbill. September 15, 1999. Archived from the original on December 27, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- "NY Post: Woody Allen Penning Play for Soon-Yi Previn". Playbill. December 31, 1997. Archived from the original on February 6, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- "Playbill News: Woody Allen's Writer's Block, with Neuwirth and Reiser, Opens Off Broadway May 15". Playbill. Archived from the original on December 27, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- "Playbill News: Two Weeks Added to Woody Allen's New Play, Second Hand Memory, at Off-Bway's Atlantic". Playbill. Archived from the original on December 27, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- "Playbill News: Work Continues of Musical Version of Bullets Over Broadway". Playbill. July 17, 2003. Archived from the original on December 27, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- Hetrick, Adam; Gans, Andrew (August 24, 2014). "Curtain Comes Down on Woody Allen Musical Bullets Over Broadway". Playbill. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- "Playbill News: Woody Allen Directs His Second Hand Memory, Opening Nov. 22 Off-Broadway". Playbill. Archived from the original on December 27, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- "Woody Allen makes debut at opera". BBC News. September 8, 2008. Retrieved September 8, 2008.
- Tommasini, Anthony (September 7, 2008). "Puccini With a Sprinkling of Woody Allen Whimsy". The New York Times. Retrieved September 8, 2008.
- Itzkoff, Dave (May 7, 2009). "Woody Allen's Puccini Goes to Spoleto". The New York Times. Retrieved April 6, 2010.
- Relatively Speaking relativelyspeakingbroadway.com. Retrieved January 4, 2012
- Isherwood, Charles (October 20, 2011). "Each Family, Tortured in Its Own Way". The New York Times.
- Healy, Patrick (February 23, 2012). "'Bullets Over Broadway' Is Heading There". The New York Times. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- "Woody Allen Tony Awards Info". www.broadwayworld.com.
- Gonzalez, Victor (September 19, 2011). "Woody Allen and His New Orleans Jazz Band Announce Miami Beach Haunukkah Show". Miami New Times. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
- Stafford, Jeff. "Sleeper". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
- Olsen, Erik (October 19, 2005). "New York City: Catch Woody Allen at the Cafe Carlyle". Gadling. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "New Orleans Trombone, Jerry Zigmont – Jazz Trombone, Eddy Davis & His New Orleans Jazz Band featuring Woody Allen, Cafe Carlyle, Woody Allen Band". Archived from the original on February 2, 2008. Retrieved January 17, 2008.
- Woody Allen en concert ce lundi à Monaco Archived October 16, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Monaco-Matin, December 28, 2014
- Silsbee, Kirk (December 30, 2011). "Jazz review: Woody Allen's New Orleans band at Royce Hall". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "Concert: Woody Allen And His New Orleans Jazz Band – Festival International de Jazz de Montreal". Montreal Jazz Festival. Archived from the original on March 31, 2012. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
- Lax, Eric; Allen, Woody (2007). Conversations with Woody Allen – His Films, the Movies and Moviemaking. Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 315–316. ISBN 978-1400031498.
- Gerdes, Tim (October 28, 2013). "Woody Allen Talks About Talent, Luck and Comedy at Princeton".
- "Bergman's Influence on Woody Allen". June 5, 2014.
- "VIDEO: Woody Allen's Influences". The Hollywood Reporter.
- "Louis C.K.: Woody Allen is 'a big deal in my life'". TODAY.com.
- Brownfield, Paul. "Our take on Jon Stewart in 1998: 'He's practically made a career out of almost hosting other people's talk shows'". latimes.com.
- Hiatt, Brian; Hiatt, Brian (December 3, 2014). "Chris Rock: The Rolling Stone Interview".
- Hahn, Valerie Schremp. "Q&A: 'Kid Gorgeous' John Mulaney on Jesuits, timeless jokes and Sinatra". stltoday.com.
- McGlynn, Katla (July 14, 2014). "11 Bill Hader Facts You Probably Didn't Know". HuffPost.
- Lidz, Franz; Rushin, Steve (January 30, 2000). "Here A Comic Genius, There A Comic Genius" – via NYTimes.com.
- "Sarah Silverman: We Are Miracles - Interview with Sarah Silverman". HBO.
- Smith, Tim. "Seth MacFarlane to sing standards with the BSO". baltimoresun.com.
- Heidemann, Jason. "Seth Meyers on the Forces That Made Him Funny". Chicago magazine.
- "CNN.com - Transcripts". transcripts.cnn.com.
- Levere, Jane. "Curb Your Enthusiasm's Larry David Discusses His Roots, His Comedy". Forbes.
- "In praise of Modern Romance – Albert Brooks' rom-com masterpiece". Little White Lies.
- "How Heartbreak Helped Garry Shandling Find His Comedic Voice". NPR.org.
- Morgenstern, Hans (May 24, 2013). "Frances Ha's Greta Gerwig on Lena Dunham, Woody Allen, and Her Dream of Directing". Miami New Times.
- Kohn, Eric; Kohn, Eric (October 3, 2017). "Noah Baumbach Reveals the Key Movies That Made Him Want to Be a Filmmaker".
- "Woody Allen Biography (1935–)". filmreference.com. Retrieved February 28, 2008.
- "Woody Allen: Rabbit Running". Time. July 3, 1972. p. 3. Retrieved August 4, 2009.
- "Dick & Woody discuss particle physics". Retrieved November 18, 2013.
- Mumford, Gwilym (January 30, 2018). "Diane Keaton: 'Woody Allen is my friend and I continue to believe him'" – via www.theguardian.com.
- "Woody Allen Makes Rare L.A. Appearance at Diane Keaton AFI Event". The Hollywood Reporter.
- "Stacey Nelkin". latimes.com. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- Fox, Julian (1996). Woody: Movies from Manhattan. Woodstock, New York: Overlook Press. pp. 111–112. ISBN 978-0879516925.
- Bailey, Peter J. (2001). The Reluctant Film Art of Woody Allen. University Press of Kentucky. p. 61. ISBN 978-0813190419.
- Baxter, pp. 226, 248, 249, 250, 253, 273–74, 385, 416.
- Baum, Gary (December 17, 2018). "Woody Allen's Secret Teen Lover Speaks: Sex, Power and a Conflicted Muse Who Inspired 'Manhattan'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
- Lax, Eric (February 24, 1991). "Woody and Mia: A New York Story". The New York Times. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- "Woody Allen, Mia Farrow family tree". CNN. May 11, 2016. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- Stern, Marlow (February 10, 2014). "Inside the Shocking Custody Case Court Documents that Shed Light on the Dylan Farrow-Woody Allen Saga". The Daily Beast.
- "Son Born to Mia Farrow And Woody Allen". The New York Times. Associated Press. December 22, 1987.
- "Exclusive: Mia Farrow and Eight of Her Children Speak Out on Their Lives, Frank Sinatra, and the Scandals They've Endured". Vanity Fair. October 2, 2013. Archived from the original on October 31, 2013.
- Orth, Maureen (August 5, 2008). "Mia's Story". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on November 1992. Retrieved November 16, 2012.
- Merkin, Daphne (September 16, 2018). "After Decades of Silence, Soon-Yi Previn Speaks". Vulture. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Hoban, Phoebe (September 21, 1992). "Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Woody and Mia (But Were Afraid to Ask)". New York. New York Media: 40–. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Perez-Pena, Richard (March 23, 1993). "Nude Photographs Are Focus Of Woody Allen's Testimony". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 17, 2018.
- "A history of Woody Allen and Soon-Yi Previn describing their relationship, from "the heart wants what it wants" to "I was paternal"". Salon. July 30, 2015.
- Weber, Bruce (August 18, 1992). "Public Disclosures From the Private Life of Woody Allen". The New York Times. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Klepp, L. S. (February 18, 2000). "The Unruly Life of Woody Allen". EW.com. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Collins, Glenn (December 25, 1997). "Mixed Reviews Greet Woody Allen Marriage". The New York Times. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- "Woody Allen and Wife Have a Baby Daughter". The New York Times. April 27, 1999. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Shoard, Catherine (August 25, 2016). "Woody Allen: 'There are traumas in life that weaken us. That's what has happened to me'". The Guardian. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Thurman, Judith (September 21, 2016). "Tour Woody Allen's English Country–Style Manhattan Townhouse". Architectural Digest. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- Marks, Peter (April 10, 1993). "Sitter Questions Allen Actions With Daughter". The New York Times.
- Groteke, Kristi (1994). Mia & Woody: Love and Betrayal. Carroll & Graf. OCLC 1036704501.
After Alison Stickland left Frog Hollow on the afternoon of August 4, she told Casey in passing, "I had seen something at Mia's that was bothering me." What she claimed to have seen was this: In the television room that afternoon, Dylan was sitting on the sofa, and Woody was kneeling on the floor, facing her, with his head in her lap. Casey phoned Mia the next day, August 5, and, in passing, related Alison's remark.
- Orth, Maureen (February 7, 2014). "10 Undeniable Facts About the Woody Allen Sexual-Abuse Allegation". Vanity Fair.
- Orth, Maureen (November 2013). "Momma Mia!". Vanity Fair.
- Barron, James (August 19, 1992). "Striking Back, Woody Allen Denies Child Sex-Abuse Allegation". The New York Times.
- Weber, Bruce (August 14, 1992). "Woody Allen Files Child-Custody Lawsuit". The New York Times.
- Perez-Pena, Richard (March 19, 1993). "Woody Allen Says Report Clears Him". The New York Times.Marks, Peter (April 28, 1993). "Yale Study About Allen Flawed, Expert Testifies". The New York Times.
- Henneberger, Melinda (September 25, 1993). "Connecticut Prosecutor Won't File Charges Against Woody Allen". The New York Times.
- "Allen Loses to Farrow in Bitter Custody Battle". archive.nytimes.com.
- Supreme Court: New York County, Elliot, J. Wilk (July 6, 1993). "Custody Case Ruling".
The evidence suggests that it is unlikely that he could be successfully prosecuted for sexual abuse. I am less certain, however, than is the Yale-New Haven team, that the evidence proves conclusively that there was no sexual abuse.
- Supreme Court: New York County, Elliot, J. Wilk (June 7, 1993). "Custody Case Ruling".
I did not see it as sexual, but I saw it as inappropriately intense because it excluded everybody else
- Maco, Frank, S. (November 24, 1993). "Statement of Decision 9-24-1993". Scribd. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
- Perez-Pena, Richard (October 26, 1993). "Agency Drops Abuse Inquiry in Allen Case". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
- "Opinion | Dylan Farrow's Story". Retrieved September 11, 2018.
- Ross, Martha (April 30, 2019). "Ronan Farrow on Woody Allen: 'There should be a tremendous cloud of suspicion over this guy'". San Jose Mercury News. San Jose, California. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
- Farrow, Moses (May 23, 2018). "A Son Speaks Out". Moses Farrow official blog. Archived from the original on May 26, 2018. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
- "Woody Allen's daughter breaks silence about abuse allegations against her father". Women in the World. May 29, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- Moses Farrow defends Woody Allen once more claims his sister's memories of abuse are false, Women in the World, May 24, 2018.
- Bradshaw, Peter (June 7, 2012). "Woody Allen: A Documentary – review" – via www.theguardian.com.
- Lax, Eric (1991). Woody Allen: a biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0-394-58349-5. OCLC 22662351.
- Hample, Stuart (October 19, 2009). "How I turned Woody Allen into a comic strip". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 14, 2014. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
- Official website
- Woody Allen at AllMovie
- Woody Allen at the TCM Movie Database
- Woody Allen on IMDb
- Woody Allen at the Internet Broadway Database
- Woody Allen on National Public Radio June 15, 2009
- Woody Allen at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Works by or about Woody Allen in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- "Woody Allen collected news and commentary". The Guardian.
- "Woody Allen collected news and commentary". The New York Times.