The Map and the Territory
English hardcover edition
|Original title||La carte et le territoire|
|4 September 2010|
The Map and the Territory (French: La carte et le territoire, French pronunciation: [la kaʁt e lə tɛʁitwaʁ]) is a novel by French author Michel Houellebecq. The narrative revolves around a successful artist, and involves a fictional murder of Houellebecq. It was published on 4 September 2010 by Flammarion and received the Prix Goncourt, the most prestigious French literary prize, in 2010. The title is a direct quote from Jean Baudrillard's text "Simulacra and Simulation", which itself refers to the Jorge Luis Borges short story "On Exactitude in Science".
The Map and the Territory is Michel Houellebecq's fifth novel. It was published five years after his prior novel, The Possibility of an Island. The Map and the Territory was among the most eagerly awaited and discussed novels of the 2010 literary season in France. The first printing was for 120,000 copies, as announced by the publisher. An English translation by Gavin Bowd was published in January 2012.
The novel tells the story of the life and art of Jed Martin, a fictional French artist who becomes famous by photographing Michelin maps and painting scenes about professional activities. His father is slowly entering old age. Jed falls for a beautiful Russian executive from Michelin but the relationship ends when she returns to Russia. Jed becomes extraordinarily successful after a new series of paintings and therefore suddenly rich as the most prominent artist in France around the year 2010. He meets Michel Houellebecq in Ireland in order to ask him to write the text for the catalog of one of his exhibitions, and in exchange offers to paint the writer's portrait.
A few months later Houellebecq is brutally murdered and Jed Martin gets involved in the case.
In a televised interview given after the Goncourt award, Houellebecq declared that the main themes of the novel were "aging, the relationship between father and son and the representation of reality through art".
As a tongue-in-cheek gimmick, the novel also portrays a few celebrities from French literature and the French media, including Houellebecq himself, Frédéric Beigbeder, Julien Lepers, and Jean-Pierre Pernaut.
Accusations of plagiarism
The novel incorporates a few abstracts from the French edition of the online encyclopedia Wikipedia without mentioning the source, thus not complying with the Creative Commons licence BY-SA. Flammarion, his publisher, has clarified the issue and noted that Houellebecq often uses existing texts from available documentation and web sites as raw literary material for his novels; for instance, the description of a police officer is taken from the official web site of the Ministry of the Interior and the text of a touristic leaflet is used for the humorous description of the Carpe Diem hotel.
Reaction after Goncourt award
Houellebecq had already been a contender for the Goncourt on two previous occasions. It was the first time since 1980 that the award had gone to a novel published by Flammarion. Houellebecq commented right after the award that "it is a strange feeling, but I am deeply happy" (C'est une sensation bizarre mais je suis profondément heureux).
- Houellebecq, Michel (2010-09-04). La carte et le territoire. Paris: Flammarion. ISBN 978-2-08-124633-1.
- Houellebecq, Michel (2012-01-03). The Map and the Territory. Trans. Gavin Bowd. New York: Knopf. ISBN 978-0-307-70155-8.
- "Houellebecq wins top French book prize". BBC News. 8 November 2010.
- "Houellebecq entre en scène". Le Figaro (in French). 17 August 2010.
- "Michel Houellebecq en territoire réservé". Libération (in French). 19 August 2010.
- "Michel Houellebecq remporte le prix Goncourt". Le Figaro (in French). 8 November 2010.
- France 2 evening news - 8 November 2010
- "Houellebecq, la possibilité d'un plagiat" (in French). Slate.fr. 2 September 2010.
- Houellebecq sous licence Creative Commons !, 21 September 2010
- Ruadhán Mac Cormaic (9 September 2010). "French novelist rejects claims of plagiarism". The Irish Times.
- "Michel Houellebecq a-t-il plagié Wikipédia dans son dernier roman ?" (in French). LePoint.fr. 4 September 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2010.
- Lichfield, John (8 September 2010). "I stole from Wikipedia but it's not plagiarism, says Houellebecq". The Independent. UK.
- "Sacré par le Goncourt, Michel Houellebecq se dit "profondément heureux". Le Parisien (in French). 8 November 2010.