The Passionate Shepherd to His Love
The Original Poem
The poem was published in 1599, six years after the poet's death. In addition to being one of the best-known love poems in the English language, it is considered one of the earliest examples of the pastoral style of British poetry in the late Renaissance period. It is composed in iambic tetrameter (four feet of unstressed/stressed syllables), with seven (sometimes six, depending on the version) stanzas each composed of two rhyming couplets. It is often used for scholastic purposes for its regular meter and rhythm.
Influence of the Poem
The poem was the subject of a well-known "reply" by Walter Raleigh, called "The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd". The interplay between the two poems reflects the relationship that Marlowe had with Raleigh. Marlowe was young, his poetry romantic and rhythmic, and in the Passionate Shepherd he idealises the love object (the Nymph). Raleigh was an old courtier and an accomplished poet himself. His attitude is more jaded, and, in writing "The Nymph's Reply," he rebukes Marlowe for being naive and juvenile in both his writing style and the Shepherd's thoughts about love.
Subsequent responses to Marlowe have come from numerous other writers, including John Donne, Izaak Walton, Robert Herrick, C. Day Lewis, William Carlos Williams, Dorothy Parker, Ogden Nash, W. D. Snodgrass, Douglas Crase and Greg Delanty.
In the 1939 film, The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex, both poems are sung as a duet by Mistress Margaret Radcliffe (Nanette Fabray), singing Marlowe's original words, and Lady Penelope Gray (Olivia de Havilland) taking Raleigh's rebuttal. The performance infuriates Queen Elizabeth (Bette Davis) whose doomed love for Robert Devereaux, 2nd Earl of Essex (Errol Flynn), 32 years her junior, is the subject of the story.
The line “Come live with me and be my love” was the inspiration for the 1941 film Come Live with Me, as well as the song Come Live with Me sung by Tony Scotti in the 1967 film Valley of the Dolls. It was also the third of the Liebeslieder Polkas for Mixed Chorus and Piano Five Hands, supposedly written by fictional composer P. D. Q. Bach (Peter Schickele) and performed by the Swarthmore College Chorus in 1980.
In Birthday Madrigals (1995) John Rutter sets both poems, giving Marlowe's words to tenors & basses, with the women singing Raleigh's reply, and the men singing over the women, changing the feel from question and reply to two people not listening each other.
The poem was adapted for the lyrics of the 1930s-style swing song performed by Stacey Kent at the celebratory ball in the 1995 film of William Shakespeare's Richard III. Other songs to draw lyrics from the poem include The Prayer Chain song Antarctica (1996) from the album of the same name, and The Real Tuesday Weld song Let It Come Down from their album The Last Werewolf (2011). In 2015, the Royal Shakespeare Company used a version of the song in its production (set at the end of World War I) of Much Ado About Nothing, under the name Love's Labour's Won, played by the character Balthasar (Harry Waller), and sung by the whole cast.
The Passionate Shepherd to His Love - the Text
Come live with me, and be my love;
And we will all the pleasures prove
That hills and valleys, dales and fields,
Woods, or steepy mountain yields.
And we will sit upon the rocks,
Seeing the shepherds feed their flocks
By shallow rivers to whose falls
Melodious birds sing madrigals.
And I will make thee beds of roses,
And a thousand fragrant posies;
A cap of flowers, and a kirtle
Embroidered all with leaves of myrtle;
A gown made of the finest wool
Which from our pretty lambs we pull;
Fair linèd slippers for the cold,
With buckles of the purest gold;
A belt of straw and ivy-buds,
With coral clasps and amber studs:
And, if these pleasures may thee move,
Come live with me, and be my love.
The shepherd-swains shall dance and sing
For thy delight each May-morning:
If these delights thy mind may move,
Then live with me, and be my love.
- Donne, John (1896). Chambers, E. K. (ed.). Poems of John Donne. I. London: Lawrence & Bullen. pp. 47–49. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- Williams, William Carlos (1962) . "Raleigh Was Right". Collected Poems 1939–1962. II. New York: New Directions. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- Nash, Ogden (2011). "Love under the Republicans (or Democrats)". marcopolopoet.nl. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- Snodgrass, W. D. (2014). "Invitation". Verse Daily. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- Conversation Pieces: Poems That Talk to Other Poems: Kurt Brown, Harold Schechter. Everyman's Library. 2007. ISBN 978-0307265456.
- Bush, Geoffrey; Hurd, Michael, eds. (1974). Invitation to the Partsong. Stainer & Bell.
- Greene, Robert; Marlowe, Christopher; Jonson, Ben (1902). Bell, Robert (ed.). The Poems of Robert Greene, Christopher Marlowe, and Ben Jonson. London: G. Bell & Sons. pp. 231-232.
- Works related to The Passionate Shepherd to His Love at Wikisource