Saint of Killers
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|Saint of Killers|
The Saint of Killers, as drawn by Glenn Fabry
|First appearance||Cameo: Preacher #1 (1995)|
Full: Preacher #2 (1995)
|Created by||Garth Ennis|
|Place of origin||Earth|
|Notable aliases||Patron Saint of Murderers and Assassination, Death Bringer|
|Saint of Killers|
The Saint of Killers is a fictional character who appears in the comic book series Preacher, published by Vertigo Comics in 1995. The Saint of Killers was created by writer Garth Ennis with artist Steve Dillon. The Saint is described as, "a grim, taciturn, implacable killing machine", with supernatural abilities involving divinity, immortality, and influence over Heaven and Hell. His goals typically center on bringing down individuals through destruction and death by the laws of Paradise.
The Saint of Killers first appeared as a heartless murderer, who is transformed into the Angel of Death under the condition that he takes up the role of collecting the souls of those who die by violence. Following his reanimation, Heaven arranged for him to be put into a deep slumber, until he was needed to kill people. The Saint was a primary antagonist in the Preacher series, who is tasked by Heaven to kill protagonist Jesse Custer due to his possession by the entity Genesis. Aside from Ennis and Dillon's Preacher, the Saint was featured in his own four-issue limited series, Preacher: Saint of Killers, which expanded on the Saint's background and motivation, and has appeared briefly in the DC Comics series Hitman, centered on a "wise-cracking assassin plying his trade in Gotham City", and was portrayed by Graham McTavish in the television series adaptation of Preacher.
Ennis initially cited Lee Marvin and Clint Eastwood, both actors, as his inspiration for the Saint, with artists Dillon and Glenn Fabry making him look far more physically imposing. The Saint's character and the nature of his evil have been the subject of considerable critical attention.
Empire ranked The Saint of Killers number 43 in their 50 Greatest Comic Characters of All Time, Topless Robot placed him number 3 in their Top 10 Least Heroic Antiheroes, What Culture placed the Saint #57 on their list of the 100 Greatest Comic Book Villains Of All Time, and the character ranked #74 on IGN's Top 100 Comic Book Villains compilation.
- 1 Publication history
- 2 Fictional character biography
- 3 Characterization
- 4 In other media
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
In his foreword to Preacher: Ancient History, Ennis reveals that Clint Eastwood provided the inspiration for the character of the Saint of Killers, with the face of Lee Marvin influencing Steve Dillon's visual depiction of him. Ennis wished to place a certain degree of emphasis on the outlaw nature of the Saint simultaneously establishing that the Saint, like the lead character of Clint Eastwood's Unforgiven, remains "unforgiven".
Regarding the Saint's origin story, Ennis declared, "His story is a myth. All Westerns are."
Fictional character biography
Little is known of the Saint of Killers' past, but he fought for the Confederacy in the American Civil War, and was one of the most violent, bloodthirsty soldiers on the battlefield. His reputation grew throughout the conflict, and after the war he was held in high regard and feared not only by the people he fought against and alongside, but by people who'd only heard of his legend. When the war ended, he returned to Texas, earning money from bounties on Indian scalps.
During a raid on a group of Apaches, he met a captive young girl. The girl was injured, but whole, and thanked him for saving her from the horrible and savage acts they would commit, although he maintained that his intention was not to save her, and that she just happened to be there. Nevertheless, he offered her transportation back to her home in Laredo, Texas; but she refused, asking to go on with him. She saw a good man within him, and felt it her mission to bring the goodness out. They were together for a decade, having a daughter and living off the land together in the wild, happy and settled. For the first time in his life, he felt satisfaction and knew that there was more to his life than killing and the sport of death.
At some point, his wife and daughter caught a fever and became bedridden, with the only medicine being a week away by horse. He pledged to get the medicine and get back in time. However, his journey was delayed by a gang of outlaws, led by the despicable Gumbo McCready, in the gritty town of Ratwater, Texas. As a result, by the time he returned home he found his wife and daughter dead. Grief-stricken, he returned to the town of Ratwater and went on a killing spree, hunting down each of the gang members until all but McCready were dead. McCready took a girl hostage, but the gunslinger shot her through the head to get to his prey, damning himself. This shot was his downfall, however: having spent his last bullet on the girl, he pulled the trigger on McCready only to find he was out of ammo; McCready then knocked him out and impaled him in the chest with a shovel.
The Making of the Saint
Due to his many murders, the soldier was sent to Hell. When a soul enters Hell, the horror of the environment's sheer hostility evaporates away the humanity from it, along with all the love, fear and hatred. However, the soldier's hatred could not be contained, and the freezing cold soul of the gunman caused Hell to literally freeze over. Disturbed and intrigued, the Devil personally came out of his palace to learn what had happened.
The Devil tried beating the hatred out of the soldier, to no avail. The soldier's hatred remained cold, untouchable and resilient. But eventually the soldier revealed the source of his intractable hate: the only good thing in his bad life was taken from him, and he died without killing McCready, leaving his thirst for vengeance unsated. The Angel of Death, in the area for a poker game and weary of his position, suggested a solution to both of their problems: the gunman would take his place, bringing death at God's will. He would wield two pistols, cast from the Angel's sword, and he could have his revenge and much, much more. The man agreed. The Devil tended to the gunman's wounds, the magical Walker Colts were cast, and the man left Hell—but not before gunning down the Devil after the latter insulted him.
He returned to earth and slaughtered everyone in the town of Ratwater, including McCready and the corrupt preacher who travelled with him. His killing was indiscriminate: no man, woman, nor child in the town was spared. Due to his dangerously uncontrollable nature, Heaven arranged for him to be put into a deep slumber, until God had need of him as His instrument of death and destruction.
For the final time, an Angel was sent to wake the Saint of Killers and to instruct him with the task of finding and killing a young man named Jesse Custer. Before being shot through the head by the Saint, he spoke to him about the offspring of both demon and angel, Genesis; whose power was greater than God's. Because of Genesis's possession of Jesse, the young preacher has been granted ability of The Word of God, allowing him to give vocal orders that cannot be disobeyed, and this frightened the Angels.
The Saint agreed. Within a few hours of appointment, he shot his way through the county sheriff's department and was hot on Custer's trail. He eventually found Jesse in a small motel, but both of his guns were stayed by Jesse's voice. This marked the first time that the Saint of Killers was held back from his mission, and a target was allowed to flee. Apart from that, the angel revealed that God, the only power in the Universe that could command the Saint, abandoned Heaven. He let the Preacher go, but vowed to track him down.
He crossed Jesse's path after Jesse left Angelville, the estate of Marie L'Angell, the monstrous matriarch of the L'Angell clan. Angelville was burned to the ground, and all of L'Angell's henchmen were killed. Jesse eluded him for a while, but it was time for the Saint to find him again. The Saint realised that without God in Heaven, there was no one who could command him. The Saint was now able to follow his own path to find Jesse Custer, with no constraints. He traveled to Las Vegas, to find the angels, who started a casino and were easy to find. In their terror, the angels told him everything - Jesse went to France to confront The Grail, a worldwide organization dedicated to triggering the Apocalypse and ruling the world. The Saint hijacked a freighter, killing everyone on board, and sailed it directly to Europe. When he discovered The Grail's headquarters, he homed in on Custer. The Preacher was in a basement with The Grail's Sacred Executioner, Herr Starr; and the Saint was more than willing to kill both Custer and Starr.
Yet again, his hand was stayed. In their possession, The Grail held captive an Angel, to which the Seraph told them that the entity Genesis was the key in gaining answers to God's abandonment of Heaven, as well as the reasons as to why the Saint's wife and daughter died; which intrigued the man, thus taking up the offer. He held off the soldiers of The Grail, giving both Jesse and Starr the chance to get the information they needed from the Seraph - they learned that Jesse possessed all the knowledge of Genesis, but in order to unlock its memories they should travel to the American West and use Native American peyote. Jesse and Starr escaped before the whole base exploded, burying the Saint under several millions of tons of rock and masonry, from which the Saint unearthed himself and made his way back to the United States of America.
Many months later, the Saint encountered Custer and Tulip O'Hare. Jesse told the Saint the truth about why McCready delayed him from his family, which revealed that their deaths were not accidental. Discovering the truth placed the Saint into a fit of rage, and he stepped out and confronted the forces of the U.S. Army and the Grail; single-handedly taking on hundreds of soldiers, tanks and helicopters, and destroying every force that was pitted up against him, which drove Starr to pressure the President into sending a stealth bomber to Monument Valley, turning it into an irradiated wasteland with the Saint in the center of it.
Amongst the flames and the ubiquitous radiation, the Saint stood up and spat, "Not enough gun."
With no one to command him and no targets, the Saint had no purpose. His activities during this point in time are relatively unknown; though after one year he felt a strong sensation which compelled him to go back to Ratwater, Texas; where Jesse was with the Saint's human remains.
Custer told the Saint everything he learned in his quest for God - that God was an attention-fiend, and that he was willing to cause pain, destruction and death for no other reason than to see who would love him. He sparked a war between the angels to find out who would stay on his side. He created a world full of humans who would fight in his name, just to see who adored him more, and that he engineered the creation of Genesis, a being as powerful as Him, in order to see if He could make it love Him.
Custer had a plan; a way of paying God back for the horrors he inflicted upon his creation. But Jesse would require the Saint's help if such a thing were to work. The guns the Saint carried were lethal - no shot hit that did not kill, and their first kill was none other than the Devil himself. But they couldn't simply shoot God, as he shielded himself from Jesse and Genesis's detection. As long as they were looking for Him, God wouldn't budge, but it was the belief of Jesse that if Genesis were out of the picture, that God would head straight for Heaven; where the Saint of Killers would be waiting for him.
When the Saint entered Heaven, the entire Heavenly host was arrayed against him. Rank upon rank of angel flew to keep him away from the heavenly gates, and they were all shot down by his guns. And when Jesse's plan worked, when Genesis was released and God returned to retake his throne, the Saint was waiting for him. God begged for his life, and offered the Saint whatever he wanted - power, life, the lives of his family, anything. But the Saint didn't want anything God offered him. All he wanted, he said, was to rest.
He shot God dead. Then he sat on God's throne, pulled his hat over his eyes, and went to sleep, presumably forever.
The Saint of Killers' body is humanoid and its composition is similar to that of a normal human, with a build similar to a tall muscular male in great physical shape. He is extremely imposing in both height and relative size throughout the Preacher series; generally remains above that of average human height; is distinctly broad-shouldered, generally towering over his fellow characters, including Jesse Custer. Chronologically speaking, his first description was given as, "Just a stooped and weathered man on a flea-bit mare, the Walker Colt worn backwards on his hip and the Henry rifle by his saddle silent now for many a year."
As the Saint of Killers grew up during the early 19th Century and the trade to which he was in, his costume started out differently. As time progressed and came the period where he was tracking the band of Kiowa and meeting of his future wife, we see the Saint sans-coat donning a blue shirt, cross-suspenders, grey trousers and his wide brimmed hat.
While in Hell much of his clothing remained, until Satan whipped him repeatedly which tore his coat to shreds along with the skin and flesh from his back. Shortly after being bequeathed the title of 'The Saint of Killers', by the Angel of Death, he was presented with the attire he would remain with while placed on Earth: a long loose-fitting yellow duster coat, a wide brimmed hat, two Colt revolvers, and a cross draw holster at the trouser belt line.
The Saint of Killers, though supremely powerful and feared, suffers with an explosive temper, which has been triggered through insolence or disrespect, of which the latter was seen when he slew the Devil. His resolve and vengeance were so strong that during the events of Ratwater he was killing indiscriminately, with children dying at his hand. However, perhaps due to his longevity and realisation of "damning himself", he begins to show leniency in certain areas, for example, he will not necessarily kill unless provoked. He too has shown new-found compassion and awareness when he learns of information pertaining to his family from Custer, by which he was approaching the role of an anti-hero. From his radically altered perspective, which awakens when he learns of God's purpose and when he fulfills his vengeance, almost all human concerns appear pointless and without obvious merit, to which he sleeps.
Custer once stated, "Before the world shook to the thunder of his guns, there was yet some good in his heart: and that was the tragedy." while Jesse acknowledged the Saint's "ten long years" of attempting to change from his past during the Civil War; he trembled when Custer brought up the events of Ratwater, and he too has shown aspects of compassion through mercy killing.
Powers and abilities
Throughout Preacher, he is shown to be immensely powerful and seemingly invulnerable to all harm, to an extent rarely seen in comics; bullets bounced off him, a direct hit from a tank didn't affect him, being underneath a collapsing mountain simply meant he had to dig himself out, and being hit in the chest with a nuclear missile caused no damage to him or his clothes. He also felt no pain and shrugged off the whole affair with the words, "Not enough gun." He is also apparently immovable unless he wishes to be moved: At one point an M-1 Abrams tank moving at speed rammed him, and he stopped it with a kick.
The Saint has demonstrated a degree of superhuman strength. For example, when hit by the vampire Cassidy in a speeding truck the Saint did not budge and the truck was flipped. When Jesse Custer tried to put his hand on the Saint's shoulder the Saint of Killers flung him several feet like a rag doll. While possessing these abilities, he apparently has the power to enter and leave Heaven at will, although it is not known whether or not he could similarly travel to Hell. Several other transportation abilities have been suggested in his possession, due to him threatening to "Kill his way across half Creation"; albeit he had to commandeer a ship to travel from America to France.
Additionally, even before being made a saint he was an expert marksman. Now, however, he is able to draw his guns faster than a man can see, at a seemingly superhuman rate; coupled with a perfect aim — even when men were hanging off his arms the Saint could shoot true and find his target mark. Also, whilst in combat, he has also displayed proficient swordsmanship. His hatred appears to be his greatest power. His hatred was cold enough to temporarily extinguish the fires of Hell and has been the driving force of his existence ever since.
The Saint of Killers possesses a pair of Walker Colt revolver pistols, which were bequeathed to him by the Angel of Death, composed from the previous Angel's steel sword and forged in the last fire that burned in Hell, because of the nature of their making, the guns are demonic in nature:
- They possess unlimited ammunition, and never need to be reloaded.
- They never jam.
- Any shot fired from these guns will always hit its mark, even piercing modern tank armor to reach the intended target.
- His weapons are ultimately lethal to anything: humans, angels, demons, Satan, or even God, any wound inflicted is always fatal regardless of circumstance. The only way to survive the gun is if the target is already dead as in Cassidy's case.
- Whoever holds the guns can see the mutilated spirits of the victims of the Saint of Killers.
Before becoming the Saint of Killers, his arsenal included a Henry repeating rifle a Model 1860 Light Cavalry Saber, a Bowie knife, as well as a pair of non-divine Walker Colt pistols.
His only definite technical weakness appears to be information pertaining to his former life, particularly that of his family; when Herr Starr uses this against him; and as Jesse convinces him that God is at fault for his family's death, which instead alters the Saint's trail from Jesse's to the deity's. Jesse's usage of the Saint's buried remains, in the act of summoning the being, may too be seen as an exploitation in terms of a weakness of inquisitiveness.
While possessed by Genesis, Jesse used the 'Word of God' to perform the feat of command and compelled the Saint of Killers to stay his hand, which was the only time in the Saint's existence where he was prevented from killing.
Analysis and themes
The character of The Saint of Killer is an eternal bounty hunter, one who delights in gratuitous violence on the American frontier in the 1880 following a personal disaster. Ennis described his creation of the Saint as owing much to Clint Eastwood "specifically in his later movies, the long coat, the wide brimmed hat, the old Colt revolvers", however, co-creator [Dillon] preferred Lee Marvin and, as Ennis explained, "that's why you've got this character who I always think moves, speaks and has all the mannerisms of Eastwood but has that kind of handsome ugliness that Lee Marvin had." Dr Julia Round of The Media School, Bournemouth University has suggested such symbols were described as being somewhat reflective commentary on the west, by being "conscious appropriations of its underlying mechanisms", as both Ennis and Dillon based the character of the Saint specifically on the actors as not the characters they played; which is seen throughout Preacher as a means of reflecting the "expectations and genre anxiety" of the readers through the acknowledgement of sources and usage of "implicit commentary.
Michael Grimshaw of the University of Canterbury observes that the Preacher's undercurrent of the violent frontier of the Saint of Killers acts both as a "sub-narrative and explanatory device". He highlights the significance of "blood" and the "murderous acts" committed which have tainted the lands and its denizens, while adding "a land founded on violence can never be pure or peaceful." and placing a degree of emphasis on the link between ideological basis of "blood sacrifice" in the Easter Rising, of which he deems a just comparison. And expresses acknowledgement to Garth Ennis' critique of "neo-romantic ideology" in terms of the "sacrificial outpouring of blood" and its involvement in the alteration of the environment. Within general summary, Grimshaw makes references to Jean Baudrillard's Hyperrealism and Friedrich Nietzsche's God is dead statement.
Grimshaw additionally highlights Ennis' respect and influence, when composing the Saint, as "major" with regard him and the character of William Munny in Clint Eastwood's Unforgiven, placing a juxtaposition through the said commentary, "The Saint of Killers returns to his vigilante ways when his family is brutally murdered in his absence." He then explains and points out the link between the Saint's indestructibility and that of "recent pop-culture vigilantes" such as Robocop and The Terminator, while at the same time noting that there is to be a difference by describing the Saint as a "spiritual alien cyborg" from the past acting in the present, as opposed to the future and past dynamic by the latter of the two; he also makes references to Mary Shelley's Frankenstein. He too points out the "theological" nature of Preacher and emphasises that the Saint of Killers is "a reminder of the destructiveness that lurks within humanity" whilst adding "... unleashed by God's interference and then abandonment", only if the "future mechanical cyborg killer" was indeed a result of humanity's deemed inherit interference with the natural created order.
Using the perspective of Philosopher Julia Kristeva, Grimshaw places significance on the Kristevan outlook in that "The world is a site of Kristevan abjection", whilst adding that "The corpse, seen without God and outside of science, is the utmost of abjection. It is death infecting life." Infusing such an ideology into Ennis' Preacher, specifically tying it to the Saint, he deduces that the reanimated corpse of the Saint of Killers which "[stalks] heaven and earth in pursuit of his divine prey" is in actual fact a leakage of death into life.
Niall Kitson believes every character in Ennis and Dillon's work has a sort of value system, stating, "those who appear good have an innate darkness to them and even the blackest of demons is capable of acting to a moral code", of which the Saint of Killers himself isn't immune to due to displays of such a logical moral system of thought, while Kitson builds upon such proposition by further adding, "[The Saint] has a background steeped in pathos and is not averse to making a deal when it suits his needs". Thus Kitson believes that in some cases the Saint epitomises the antihero, as in his identification of a "narrative construction" with the vampire Cassidy, which he stated to provide a "continuity between the world of men and God", he acknowledges that the same could be of the Saint, "[...] but for the fact that his origins remain undisclosed until later in the narrative and his character as gun for hire only later transforms in a sympathetic loner with a mission".
The Saint's background has been explored, as well as Ennis' spaghetti western influences. Kjartan Fossberg Jónsson argues that while Jesse is Ennis' representation on the "western hero" while the Saint represents "the old west, film, and myth." Jónsson specifically identifies similarities between the opening panels of Preacher: The Saint of Killers and the opening scenes of Sergio Corbucci's The Great Silence (1968). While showing additional comparisons to Sergio Leone's films, by commenting on Leone's fusion of landscape and facial features, and concluded such a point by suggesting, "All characters in the miniseries have peculiar faces, especially the gang of outlaws"; he concluded by suggesting that Clint Eastwood's influence on the Saint "strengthens [the] ink" of the Spaghetti western influence throughout.
In other media
References in other works
The Saint of Killers has also been referenced or parodied in other forms of media, including:
- The Saint of Killers made a cameo appearance in Garth Ennis's DC Comics series Hitman.
- Belgian band Diablo Boulevard released a song titled "Saint of Killers" on their 2011 album Builders of Empires.
- The Saint of Killers is the subject of the song "Bury Me With My Guns On" by American metal band Bobaflex, from the Hell in my Heart album. The song specifically references the deaths of both the Devil and God at the hands of the Saint of Killers, including the massacre of angels when the Saint reached the gates of heaven.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #3. Vertigo Comics. p. 22. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #4. Vertigo Comics. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #4. Vertigo Comics. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1995). Preacher #2. Vertigo Comics. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #2. Vertigo Comics. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-56389-405-3.
- Ennis, Garth (1995). Preacher #1. Vertigo Comics. pp. 20–21. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- "Empire - The 50 Greatest Comic Book Characters". Empire Magazine. 2 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Ennis, Garth (1995). Preacher #32. Vertigo Comics. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- "PREACHER BOOK ONE". Vertigo Comics. 11 March 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
- "Garth Ennis". Vertigo Comics. 11 March 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
- "AMC Orders Pilot for 'Preacher' Comic Book Adaptation From Seth Rogen". Variety. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
- "Undead in the West II: They Just Keep Coming". Google Books. 11 March 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
- "The 10 Least Heroic Antiheroes". Topless Robot. 23 May 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
- "100 Greatest Comic Book Villains Of All Time". What Culture. 6 October 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- "Top 100 Comic Book Villains". IGN. 2 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- "It's all relative. Breaking barriers and binaries in Garth Ennis/Steve Dillon's Preacher" (PDF). Comicforschung. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #3. Vertigo Comics. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1995). Preacher #37. Vertigo Comics. p. 23. ISBN 978-1-56389-490-9.
- "God - Vertigo Universe". Whiskey Media. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #3. Vertigo Comics. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- "Ideal Casting For Preacher". Entertainment Fuse. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #1. Vertigo Comics. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #2. Vertigo Comics. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #3. Vertigo Comics. p. 18. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #4. Vertigo Comics. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #1. Vertigo Comics. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #2. Vertigo Comics. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). Preacher #3. Vertigo Comics. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1995). Preacher #23. Vertigo Comics. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). Preacher #32. Vertigo Comics. p. 12. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). Preacher #32. Vertigo Comics. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). Preacher #36. Vertigo Comics. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-56389-490-9.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #1. Vertigo Comics. p. 22. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1995). Preacher #2. Vertigo Comics. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). Preacher #28. Vertigo Comics. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-56389-428-2.
- Ennis, Garth (1995). Preacher #37. Vertigo Comics. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-56389-490-9.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). Preacher #37. Vertigo Comics. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-56389-490-9.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). Preacher #4. Vertigo Comics. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). Preacher #4. Vertigo Comics. p. 12. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). Preacher #4. Vertigo Comics. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-56389-490-9.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). Preacher #2. Vertigo Comics. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-56389-490-9.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #2. Vertigo Comics. p. 18. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #3. Vertigo Comics. p. 12. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #3. Vertigo Comics. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #4. Vertigo Comics. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1998). The Saint of Killers #2. Vertigo Comics. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1995). Preacher #23. Vertigo Comics. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1995). Preacher #36. Vertigo Comics. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1995). Preacher #32. Vertigo Comics. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- Ennis, Garth (1995). Preacher #4. Vertigo Comics. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-56389-261-5.
- "Preacher, or the Death of God in Pictures". University of Canterbury. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- "Julia Round: "It's all relative. Breaking barriers and binaries in Garth Ennis/Steve Dillon's Preacher"". Comicforschung. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- "Julia Round - Bournemouth University". University of Bournemouth. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- "It's all relative: breaking barriers and binaries in Preacher" (PDF). University of Bournemouth. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
- Kitson, Niall (2007). "Rebel Yells: Genre Hybridity and Irishness in Garth Ennis & Steve Dillon's Preacher" (PDF). Irish Journal of Gothic and Horror Studies. 2. ISSN 2009-0374. Retrieved 3 January 2007.
- "Garth Ennis' Preacher and the Western or how Preacher is a western" (PDF). University of Iceland. 3 January 2010. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
- "AMC Confirms Development of 'Preacher' With Seth Rogen, Evan Goldberg". Variety. 6 February 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Johnston, Rich (21 May 2016). "[SPOILER] Is Cast As [SPOILER] In Preacher". BleedingCool. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "Diablo Boulevard - Bio". Diablo Boulevard. 11 March 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
- "Diablo Blvd - Saint Of Killers". YouTube. 9 February 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- "NI ROCKS interview with BOBAFLEX". NI ROCKS. 7 March 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- The Saint of Killers at the Comic Book DB