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In Greek mythology, the name Theiodamas (or Thiodamas) may refer to:

  • Theiodamas, king of the Dryopes, father of Hylas by the nymph Menodice.[1][2][3] The Bibliotheca and Apollonius Rhodius relate of him that one day when he was working the land with a plough pulled by two bulls, he encountered Heracles. The latter, being short of food at the moment, slaughtered one of Theiodamas' bulls and consumed it. Theiodamas attempted to start a fight over the bull and was killed by Heracles. Apollonius Rhodius suggests that the incident was simply a pretext for Heracles to start a war against the injust Dryopes; according to Apollodorus, Heracles did conquer the people in alliance with Ceyx of Trachis.[4][5]


  1. ^ Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 1213 with scholia on 1. 1207
  2. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 14
  3. ^ Propertius, Elegies, 1. 20. 6
  4. ^ Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 1213 - 1219
  5. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 7. 7
  6. ^ Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy, 1. 291 ff
  7. ^ Statius, Thebaid, 8. 279 ff