Thijs van Leer
|Thijs van Leer|
van Leer in 2014
|Born||31 March 1948|
Thijs van Leer (pronounced: /tɛis vɑn lɪ:r/; born 31 March 1948) is a Dutch musician, singer, songwriter, composer and producer, best known as the founding member of the rock band Focus as its primary vocalist, keyboardist, and flautist. Born and raised in Amsterdam among a musical family, van Leer took up the piano and flute as a child and pursued them at university and music academies.
From 1967 to 1969, van Leer performed in a theatre cabaret act headed by Ramses Shaffy as his backing vocalist and musician, recorded singles as a solo artist, and produced, arranged, and conducted music for Bojoura. He formed Trio Thijs van Leer, a three-piece rock band which evolved into Focus in late 1969 following the addition of guitarist Jan Akkerman. Focus achieved international success following the release of Moving Waves (1971) and its lead single, "Hocus Pocus", which features van Leer's yodelling and whistling. After several albums with various line-ups, van Leer disbanded Focus in 1978; he reformed the band in 2002.
Van Leer achieved success as a solo artist in the Netherlands. His first two solo albums featuring classical flute, Introspection (1972) and Introspection 2 (1975), sold an estimated 1.2 million copies. He has collaborated with various artists, and continues to release albums and perform in various capacities. In 2008, van Leer was made a Knight of the Order of Orange-Nassau for special services to music.
Van Leer was born on 31 March 1948 in Amsterdam, Netherlands. His father Ed, a Jewish refugee from the Netherlands, was a classically trained flautist and businessman; his mother Mary was a singer and involved in the Sufi Movement. Van Leer began playing the piano at age three, taught by his mother, and later received lessons from famed pianists Maria Stroo (later Marja Bon) and Gerard Hengeveld. When he was six, van Leer wrote his first composition "Uncle Willy", a tribute to family friend and keyboard teacher Willy Buard who helped pay for his father's flute studies at the Conservatoire de Musique de Genève in Geneva. At eleven, van Leer was given a flute by his father who began teaching his son two years later after he discovered van Leer wished to instead pursue jazz music after he discovered the genre particularly through Miles Davis albums. He said, "I suppose I wanted to reject what I was brought up on. But then I thought the combination of jazz and classical music could be used in rock." With his parents and two brothers, eldest Frank and youngest Maarten, who played the bassoon and piano and flute, respectively, the family would often play music at home together. Van Leer also took up painting, modelling, and performing in plays.
Van Leer attended Hilversum Grammar School where he learned English, French, German, Latin and Ancient Greek. His father was the conductor of the school orchestra, for which van Leer played the harpsichord. He joined the Raoul Angenot Quintet, and at eighteen, won an award at inter-school contests for playing Andante in C Major by Mozart on flute, singing an original love poem to "Stella by Starlight" by Davis, a drama improvisation featuring his own poetry, and an original piano composition titled "Nooit Zal Ik Vergeten (De Nachten Samen met Jou)" ("Never Shall I Forget (The Nights Together with You)". He then joined the Bob de Lat Quartet, who once came fifth in the annual Hilversum jazz contest. After graduating, van Leer did not feel confident enough to attend a music school, so he studied art history at Amsterdam University which he found "very dry". He then learned harmony and counterpoint at the Conservatorium van Amsterdam, but disliked the lessons and left early. This was followed by a degree in the flute and composition at the Conservatoire de Musique de Genève. Van Leer also received tuition on the piano, orchestration and arrangement with composer and conductor Rogier van Otterloo, and organ with Anthon van der Horst. During his time studying, van Leer participated in plays including those by William Shakespeare and John Webster. Van Leer has cited Steve Winwood, Traffic, Brian Wilson, and The Beach Boys as musical influences who helped inspired him to pursue rock music, with Béla Bartók and Johann Sebastian Bach among his favourite composers.
With Ramses Shaffy
Around 1967, van Leer recorded "Nooit Zal Ik Vergeten" which Phonogram Records released as a 7" single which received little attention. In December 1967, during his first year at Amsterdam University, van Leer, unhappy with the course, landed a leading role in the Webster play The Duchess of Malfi. At one rehearsal, he learned from radio and television presenter Willem Duys that singer and actor Ramses Shaffy was in the process of hiring a final member to his four-piece backing band and vocal group for his upcoming theatre act, Shaffy Chantant. Van Leer had seen Shaffy's performances before and enjoyed the singing and jazz-oriented songs. After he called Shaffy and insisted he was suitable for the part, van Leer got an audition within the hour and secretly took his mother's car to get there. Had the audition failed, van Leer later later said he would have pursued an acting career. With a performance of "Nooit Zal Ik Vergeten" at the piano, Shaffy was impressed and added van Leer to the cast which included singer Liesbeth List and pianist Louis van Dijk. Shaffy Chantant ran for almost one year from February 1968 for six nights a week, and van Leer was paid 114 guilders a week. A recording of the act was released in 1968 by Philips Records; van Leer learned from Shaffy years later that the track "Jij Bent Nu Daarbinnen" ("You Are Now Within") was about him.
In 1968, during his time with Shaffy, van Leer recorded his second solo single on Philips, "Zolang de Wereld Nog Draait" ("As Long As the World Still Turns"), a Dutch language version of "Les Bicyclettes de Belsize" by Engelbert Humperdinck. This landed him an invitation from drummer Hans Cleuver in September 1968 to play the flute with bassist Martijn Dresden and himself on Jazz and Poetry, a program on the Catholic radio station KRO. For several months they performed on the station with van Leer on the piano, organ, and the addition of "strange" vocals. Van Leer stayed with Shaffy for his next play Shaffy Verkeerd, which opened in January 1969 and featured singer Anneke Grönloh and performances of "MacArthur Park" by Jimmy Webb and "I Shall Be Released" by Bob Dylan, two songs that influenced van Leer as it "Opened my eyes to the use of lyrics. Before that I only really concentrated on instrumental music". Van Leer's final show with Shaffy was Sunset Sunkiss, which received an album release in 1969 on the Philips label with Cleuver and Dresden in the band. This was followed by several performances from the group at some large venues, including shows at the Holland Festival backed by the Metropole Orchestra, the Carré Theatre, and the RAI Centre.
Focus and collaborations
After van Leer left Shaffy's theatre group in mid-1969, he formed a three-piece rock band with Cleuver and Dresden, playing local gigs with a set of covers by Traffic and their own material under the early names of Trio Thijs van Leer and Thijs van Leer and the Rebaptised. They also recorded several radio and television commercials. In November 1969 they were joined by guitarist Jan Akkerman, who had performed with the three on Sunset Sunkiss, and settled on the name Focus, thus completing the first line-up of the band. From December 1969 to June 1970, the four were members of the pit band for the Dutch performance of the rock musical Hair.
Focus released their first album, Focus Plays Focus, better known as its international title In and Out of Focus, in August 1970. Van Leer became a prominent figure in the group, writing the majority of their songs and singing English lyrics. After a line-up change, the band released Moving Waves (1971) that included their international hit single "Hocus Pocus" which featured van Leer's distinct vocals, yodelling, whistling, and scat singing. His influence from the Sufi movement through his mother is displayed in "Moving Waves", a piano and vocal composition he wrote when he was sixteen and quotes a teaching from its creator, Inayat Khan. The album closes with "Eruption", a 22-minute track that is "based on a musical idea" by van Leer who gained inspiration from the operas Orfeo ed Euridice by Christoph Willibald Gluck and L'Orfeo by Claudio Monteverdi, combining rock, jazz and classical influences. Focus 3 (1972) includes the band's second hit single "Sylvia" and includes van Leer's organ and operatic vocals. Van Leer's classical background is evident on the van Leer/Akkerman penned title track on Hamburger Concerto from 1974, based on Variations on a Theme by Haydn by Johannes Brahms.
In 1969, van Leer played the flute on Love Me or Leave Me (1969) by Dutch singer Rita Hovink. The following year, van Leer wrote, arranged and conducted music for singer Bojoura for her third album, The Beauty of Bojoura (1970). She had previously worked with van Leer's trio with Shaffy, singing a cover of "Frank Mills" from Hair. Robin Lent used van Leer to play piano and flute on Scarecrow's Journey (1971), and arranged and played the flute on the Dutch cast production album of Oh! Calcutta! (1971).
Van Leer headed Focus through several line-up changes, and by early 1976 he was the only remaining original member; the group disbanded in 1978. To date over five million copies of Focus albums have sold worldwide.
In 2002, van Leer created a new Focus line-up, which has since released the albums Focus 8, Focus 9 / New Skin, Focus X, and Golden Oldies.
Solo career and other projects
In mid-1972, after securing a solo recording deal with CBS Records, van Leer released his first solo album, Introspection. It features a selection of classical pieces by Bach and Gabriel Faure, Focus songs, and original compositions arranged for flute and orchestra by van Otterloo, and soprano vocals by Letty de Jong. Introspection was a commercial success in the Netherlands, reaching number one for three weeks in early 1973 and earning a gold certification. In late 1975, van Leer released Introspection 2 which spent one week at number one in the Netherlands during a 19-week stay in the top 10. Van Leer continued the album series with Introspection 3, in 1977.
After Focus split in 1978, van Leer continued with his solo career and took part in various projects. He formed the rock band Conxi, featuring Dutch and Senegalese musicians, and a rock group Van Leer with an American singer.
In the early 1980s, van Leer worked and toured with Spanish singer Miguel Ríos playing keyboards and flute on his albums Extraños en el escaparate (1981), Rock & Ríos (1982) and El rock de una noche de verano (1983).
In 1981, van Leer formed the multi-national band Pedal Point with musicians Tato Gomez and Mario Argandona from Chile and Paul Shigihara from Japan. They recorded a double album, Dona Nobis Pacem, based on a composition van Leer had written that he later cited as "one of the most important compositions of mine", and a high point of his career in an artistic sense.
In 1985, van Leer reunited with Akkerman and together recorded Focus: Jan Akkerman & Thijs van Leer (1985).
In 2008, Explore Multimedia released van Leer's first solo album in almost a decade, The Home Concert. The album features recordings made in his living room as he played material for Focus 9. The album is exclusively available online.
On 13 September 2008, van Leer was made a Knight of the Order of Orange-Nassau for "special services to music."
On 15 May 1972, van Leer married Rosalie Peters. Together they had three children: daughters Eva and Berenice and son Ruben. The marriage ended in divorce by the early 1980s. He subsequently married Thea van der Kaay, ex-wife of Ruud Jacobs, but after twenty years they, too, divorced. Presently Thijs van Leer is married to Anneliese Lomme; the couple live in Lathum, Netherlands.
- Introspection (1972)
- O My Love (1975)
- Introspection 2 (1975)
- Musica per la Notte di Natale (1976)
- Introspection 3 (1977)
- Nice to Have Met You (1978)
- Introspection 4 (1979)
- Collage (1980)
- Pedal Point: Dona Nobis Pacem' (1981)
- Reflections (1981)
- Renaissance (1986)
- I Hate Myself (1987)
- Introspection 92 (1992)
- Musical Melody (1994)
- Bolero (1996; CD version of the Reflections with two extra tracks)
- Summertime (1996)
- Joy to the World (1996)
- Instrumental Hymns (1997)
- The Glorious Album (1999; reissued in 2000 as 12 Mooiste Liederen)
- Bach for a New Age (1999)
- Etudes Sans Gêne (2006; limited edition DVD)
- The Home Concert (2008)
- Trading Boundaries Live Vol.1 (2015)
- with Thomas Blug Band
- Guitar From The Heart/Live (2005; DVD)
- Guitar From The Heart – Live in Raalte, NL (2005)
- Soul & Pepper (2009)
- Anon. (1973). M.A.M Present: Focus in Concert [UK Tour Programme] (PDF). p. 2.
- Johnson 2013, p. 9.
- Hernandez, Alan Carlos (12 November 2012). "INTERVIEW: Thijs Van Leer comes into focus". Herald de Paris. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
- Johnson 2013, p. 24.
- Anon. (1972). Introspection (Media notes). CBS Records. S64589.
- Welch, Chris (1974). M.A.M Presents: Focus [UK Tour Programme] (PDF). p. 7.
- Deren, Mark (30 August 1997). "EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW WITH THIJS VAN LEER FOR EXPOSE MAGAZINE". Focus Tribute Homepage. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
- Johnson 2013, p. 10.
- Mantovani, Rodrigo (8 November 2002). "Thijs van Leer Interview - 08/Nov/2002". Retrieved 6 March 2017.
- Johnson 2013, p. 11.
- Hoogmoed, Sylvester (November 2005). "Thijs van Leer: "Noblesse oblige"" (in Dutch). Shaffy.nl. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- Johnson 2013, p. 12.
- Ramses Shaffy – Shaffy Chantate (Media notes). Philips Records. 1968. 844 073 PY.
- Johnson 2013, p. 13, 14.
- Johnson 2013, p. 15.
- Ramses Shaffy – Sunset Sunkiss (Media notes). Philips Records. 1969. 849 024 PY.
- Johnson 2013, p. 20.
- Johnson 2013, p. 22, 34.
- Johnson 2013, p. 21.
- "Go Focus Yourself... The THIJS VAN LEER Interview [November 2007]". The Ozymandias Progject. 25 October 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
- Johnson 2013, p. 23.
- Johnson 2013, p. 50.
- Johnson 2013, p. 51.
- Love Me or Leave Me (Media notes). Decca Records. 1969. 800 004 NY.
- Anon. (1970). The Beauty Of Bojoura (Media notes). CBS Records. S 64199.
- Scarecrow's Journey (Media notes). Nepentha Records. 1971. 6437002.
- Oh! Calcutta! (Media notes). Calcutta Records. 1971. CAL 99-1007.
- "THIJS VAN LEER - INTROSPECTION" (in Dutch). DutchCharts.nl. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
- "THIJS VAN LEER - INTROSPECTION 2" (in Dutch). DutchCharts.nl. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
- "THIJS VAN LEER - INTROSPECTION 3" (in Dutch). DutchCharts.nl. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
- Hudson, Martin (August 1997). "Thijs van Leer interviewed by Martin Hudson". Focus Tribute Homepage. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
- Ritchie, Jason (2003). "10 Questions With... Thijs van Leer (Focus)". Get Ready to Rock. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
- Thijs van Leer Discography
- Explore Multimedia. Explore Multimedia.
- on YouTube (7 November 2010).
- Anon. (1996). Thijs van Leer & Family – Joy to the World (Media notes). Mega Sound. 27 07 101.
- Johnson, Peet (2013). Hocus Pocus: The Life & Journey of Rock's Dutch Masters. Thorpe-Bowker. ISBN 978-0-646-57754-8.
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