Thomas Butler of Garryricken

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Thomas Butler of Garryricken
Detail from the portrait below
FamilyButler dynasty
Spouse(s)Margaret Burke
John & others
FatherWalter Butler
MotherMary Plunkett

Colonel Thomas Butler of Garryricken (died 1738), also known as Thomas Butler of Kilcash was an Irish Jacobite soldier. He commanded a regiment, Thomas Butler's foot, during the Williamite War and fought at the Battle of Aughrim in 1691 where he was taken captive. His son John would, de jure, become the 15th Earl of Ormond.

Birth and origins[edit]

Thomas was probably born at Garryricken, near Callan, County Kilkenny, as the eldest son of Walter Butler and his wife Mary Plunkett. His father, known as Walter Butler of Garryricken (died 1700), belonged to a cadet branch of the Butler Dynasty, being the son of Richard Butler of Kilcash (died 1701), who was a younger brother of the 1st Duke of Ormond. Thomas's father had built Garryricken House around 1660.[1] The Butler dynasty is an Old English family that descends from Theobald Walter, who had been appointed Chief Butler of Ireland by King Henry II in 1177.[2]

Thomas's mother was the only daughter of Christopher Plunkett, 2nd Earl of Fingall.[3]

Family tree
Thomas Butler with wife, parents, and other selected relatives.[a]

d. 1619

1st Earl
of Fingall

d. 1637
1st Duke



2nd Earl
of Fingall

d. 1649
6th Earl



d. 1700
2nd Duke

1st Earl


d. 1738

de jure
15th Earl

d. 1766
de jure
16th Earl

XXXSubject of
the article
XXXEarls and dukes
of Ormond
XXXEarls of
*d.v.p. = predeceased his father (decessit vita patris)
Thomas listed among his brothers
He heads the list of brothers below as the eldest:
  1. Thomas (died 1738)
  2. John, who is known as John of Garryricken and whose son became Walter Butler, 16th Earl of Ormonde[10]
  3. Christopher (1673–1757), who became Roman Catholic Archbishop of Cashel[11]
Thomas's sisters
  1. Mary, who married James Tobin of Kaemshinagh in County Tipperary[12][13]
  2. Frances, who married a Mr. Gould[14]
  3. Lucy (died 1703), who married, April 1697, Sir Walter Butler, 3rd Baronet of Polestown[15]
  4. Helen, who married Maurice FitzGerald of Castle Ishen in County Cork[16][17]

Thomas is known as Thomas Butler of Garryricken or as Thomas Butler of Kilcash[18][19][20][21] because he lived at Kilcash Castle and owned half of the Garryricken Manor;[22] his brother John had the other half and lived at Garryricken House.[23]

Williamite War[edit]

He fought for James II during the Williamite War in Ireland, being the colonel of an infantry regiment, known as "Thomas Butler's Foot".[24] Colonel Thomas Butler was taken prisoner at the Battle of Aughrim in 1691.[25]

A 3/4-length painted portrait of Thomas Butler by James Latham, showing a clean-shaven man wearing a white shoulder-ling wig and clad in armour, standing in front of a landscape with a burning towerhouse
Colonel Thomas Butler of Garryricken

Marriage and children[edit]

In 1696, he married Margaret Burke, eldest daughter of William Burke, 7th Earl of Clanricarde, widow of Bryan Magennis, Viscount Iveagh.[20] She is remembered by the Irish song Kilcash.[26]

Thomas and Margaret had three sons:

  1. Richard (died 1711), who died of a fall from his horse at Kilcash[27]
  2. Walter, who died of smallpox while at the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture in Paris[28]
  3. John (died 1766), who became the de jure 15th Earl of Ormond and inherited the Ormond estate[29]

—and five daughters:

  1. Mary, who married Bryan Kavanagh, of Borris, County Carlow[30]
  2. Honora (died 1730), who married Valentine Browne, 3rd Viscount Kenmare, in 1720[31]
  3. Hellen, who married firstly Captain Richard Esmond, brother of Sir Laurence Esmond, Baronet, and secondly, Richard Butler of Westcourt[32]
  4. Margaret, who married George Matthew of Thurles, afterward of Thomastown[33]
  5. Catharine, who became the third wife of James Mandeville of Ballydine, and had no issue. She married Richard Pascoe and had issue.[34]

Grandfather's succession[edit]

His father, Walter of Garryricken, died in 1700;[35] his grandfather, Richard of Kilcash, followed in 1701. His father therefore predeceased his grandfather by a year. His grandfather's estate was the Garryricken Manor given to him in 1639. The manor's lands were divided between Thomas and his brother John. Thomas received Kilcash while John received Garryricken.

Death, succession, and timeline[edit]

Thomas Butler died in 1738.[20] He was succeeded by his son John, who would become the de jure 15th Earl of Ormond in 1658.

As his birth date is uncertain, so are all his ages.
Age Date Event
0 1670, estimate Born,[b] probably at Garryricken House
2–3 1673 Brother Christopher born
14–15 1685, 6 Feb Accession of King James II, succeeding King Charles II[36]
18–19 1689, 13 Feb Accession of William and Mary, succeeding King James II[37]
20–21 1691, 12 Jul Taken prisoner at the Battle of Aughrim
25–26 1696 Married Margaret Magennis[20]
29–30 1700 Father predeceased grandfather.
30–31 1701 Inherited Kilcash at the death of his grandfather
43–44 1714, 1 Aug Accession of King George I, succeeding Queen Anne[38]
67–68 1738 Died[20]

Notes and references[edit]


  1. ^ This family tree is derived from two published trees,[4][5] and classical genealogical sources.[6][7][8][9] Also see the list of siblings and children in the text.
  2. ^ The estimate of his birth year in the timeline is based on the birth, in 1673, of Christopher, the third and youngest of the three brothers.


  1. ^ Carrigan 1905, p. 318. "He [Walter] built the old Garryricken Ho., and made it his residence, about the year 1660."
  2. ^ Debrett 1828, p. 640. "Theobald le Boteler on whom that office [Chief Butler of Ireland] was conferred by King Henry II., 1177 ..."
  3. ^ Lodge 1789, p. 41. "Walter Butler of Garryricken, Esq., the eldest son, married the Lady Mary Plunket, only daughter of Christopher, the Second Earl of Fingall, and dying the year before his father left three sons and four daughters."
  4. ^ Dunboyne 1968, pp. 16–17. "Butler Family Tree condensed"
  5. ^ Mountmorres 1792, p. 216. Pedigree from Walter, 10th Earl, to John, 15th Earl, in note
  6. ^ Burke & Burke 1915, p. 1548–1552. Genealogy of the earls and dukes of Ormonde
  7. ^ Debrett 1828, p. 641–642. Genealogy of the earls and dukes of Ormonde
  8. ^ Cokayne 1895, p. 149–153. Genealogy of the earls and dukes of Ormonde
  9. ^ Cokayne 1926, p. 385–390. "Genealogy of the earls of Fingall"
  10. ^ Burke & Burke 1915, p. 1550, left column, line 49. "2a. John of Garryricken m. Frances, dau. of George Butler of Ballyragget, and has a son Walter 16th Earl de jure ..."
  11. ^ Carrigan 1905, p. 319, line 10. "Christopher, born at Garryricken, January 18th, 1673. Having a vocation for the ecclesiastical state ..."
  12. ^ Carrigan 1905, p. 319, line 22. "Mary, married James Tobin of Kaemshinagh, Co. Tipperary."
  13. ^ Lodge 1789, p. 42, line 10. "Daughter ___, married to ___ Tobin of Cumpshinagh, Esq.;"
  14. ^ Lodge 1789, p. 42, line 14. "Frances to a Mr. Gould, merchant."
  15. ^ Lodge 1789, p. 42, line 15. "Lucy, to Sir Walter Butler of Poolestown, Bart."
  16. ^ Carrigan 1905, p. 319, line 26. "Helen, married Maurice FitzGerald of castle Ishen, Co. Cork."
  17. ^ Lodge 1789, p. 42, line 16. "___ to Maurice FitzGerald of castle Ishin in the county of Cork, Esq;"
  18. ^ Burke & Burke 1915, p. 1550, left column, line 36. "1a. Thomas of Kilcash, Col. of Foot in the service of James II, m. [married] Lady Margaret Burke (d. [died] 19 July 1744), widow of Brian, Viscount Mogennis, of Iveagh ..."
  19. ^ Cokayne 1895, p. 153, line 9. "Thomas Butler of Kilcash afsd., by Margaret daughter of William (Bourke) 7th Earl of Clanricarde ..."
  20. ^ a b c d e Debrett 1828, p. 642, line 23. "Thomas of Kilcash m. [married] Margaret, eldest daughter of William, earl of Clanricarde and widow of Bryant Magennis, viscount Iveagh and d. [died] 1738 ..."
  21. ^ Lodge 1789, p. 42, line 20. "Thomas Butler, of Kilcash, Esq. who succeeded his grandfather, was Colonel of a regiment of foot in the army of K. James, II.; and in 1696 married the Lady Margaret Burke, eldest daughter of William, earl of Clanrickard, widow of Bryan Magennis, viscount of Iveagh ..."
  22. ^ Carrigan 1905, p. 318, line 21. "... these townlands to be created the Manor of Garryrickin."
  23. ^ Brewer 1829, p. 424. "John Butler, Esq., the second son, was seated at Garryricken."
  24. ^ D'Alton 1855, p. 685. "Regiments of Infantry. Colonel Thomas Butler's"
  25. ^ Boulger 1911, p. 244. "There were made prisoners the Lord of Duleek ... Colonel Thomas Butler of Kilcash ..."
  26. ^ Mangan 1850, p. 197. "A Lament for Kilcash"
  27. ^ Lodge 1789, p. 42, line 27. "Richard, killed by a fall from his horse at Kilcash, in 1711."
  28. ^ Lodge 1789, p. 42, line 29. "Walter, who died, unmarried, of smallpox at the royal Academy at Paris."
  29. ^ Lodge 1789, p. 42, line 31. "John Butler of Kilcash, Esq., who succeeded to the estates of the Earl of Arran, and married in April 1763 the daughter of ..."
  30. ^ Lodge 1789, p. 42, line 38. "Daughter Mary, married to Bryan Cavenagh, of Borras in the county of Carlow, Esq. who left her a widow 22 April 1741 ..."
  31. ^ Lodge 1789, p. 42, line 41. "Honora, in November 1720, to Valentine, Lord Kenmare, and died of the smallpox in 1730, having two sons ..."
  32. ^ Lodge 1789, p. 43, line 6. "Hellen, first to Mr Esmond, brother to Sir Lawrence and John Esmond, Barts., who died 17 December 1736, by the accidental discharge of his gun when fowling; and secondly to Richard Butler of Westcourt, as before observed."
  33. ^ Lodge 1789, p. 43, line 10. "Margaret to George Matthew of Thurles, afterwards of Thomastown, Esq.; and died 30 July 1743, leaving one daughter, who died in 1752."
  34. ^ Lodge 1789, p. 43, line 13. "Catherine, became the third wife of James Mandeville, of Ballydyne in Tipperary, Esq.; and had no issue."
  35. ^ Cokayne 1895, p. 153, line 10. "... Walter Butler of Garryricken (who d. 1700) ..."
  36. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, p. 44, line 46. "James II. ... acc. 6 Feb. 1685 ..."
  37. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, p. 45, line 11. "William III. ... acc. 13 Feb. 1689 ..."
  38. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, p. 45, line 38. "George I … acc. 1 Aug. 1714;"