Tiandism (Chinese: 天帝教; pinyin: Tiāndìjiāo; literally "Religion of the Heaven Lord") defines a category of new religious movements based on the Chinese folk religion and the schools of Taoism and Confucianism. Originally related to the Xiantiandao movement, its currents have departed from it. Tiandism was founded in China in the 1920s. In its original form, the Tian De religion, it is the reported religion of 0.9% of the Taiwanese; it is also the basis of the Church of the Heaven Lord (Tian Di religion) which comprises an additional 1.3% of the population.
Tian De religion
The Tian De religion (Chinese: 天德聖教; pinyin: Tiāndé Shèngjiāo; literally "Sacred Religion of the Heavenly Virtue", also simply 天德教 Tiāndéjiāo) is a religious group that originated within the Xiantiandao sects. Its origins go back to Sichuan in 1899, with the alleged resurrection of a young boy named Xiao Changming (蕭昌明, 1896-1943) who had apparently died three days earlier. After his revival, he declared that he had received Heaven's mandate (tianming) to save humanity from suffering. He embarked on a successful religious career and attracted a large following.
In 1937 he established his headquarters on Mount Huang in southern Anhui province where he died in 1943. Like other sects, Xiao Changming's movement was suppressed in China after 1949, but survives in Taiwan and Hong Kong. In Taiwan, one of Xiao's disciples, Li Yujie, eventually decided to walk his own path and founded a new group called the Church of the Heaven Lord in 1978, which diverges doctrinally in several aspects from the mother group, yet also sees itself in the tradition of Xiao Changming's teachings.
Currently, there exist two regional sets of organizations for this religion. Its Hong Kong headquarters is located at Castle Peak in the New Territories. In Taiwan the religion's situation is characterized by disunity, with several separate organizations claiming to continue the original Xiao's teachings.
Tian Di: Heaven Lord Church
The "Church of the Heaven Lord" or "Lord of Universe Church" (Chinese: 天帝教; pinyin: Tiāndìjiāo; literally "Heaven Lord Religion, Tiandism") is an international religious organization based in Taiwan which is devoted to the Tiandi religion as proclaimed by Li Yujie. It is a splinter religion from the Tiande religion (founded in 1923) which is closely related to Confucianism and Taoism. It emphasizes chanting, traditional medicine, and a form of meditation which it calls "quiet sitting" in English.
Yujie was born in Mainland China. He worked in the Kuomintang but left in 1958 to ensure political independence for his fledgling newspaper. In 1980 he claims he was given permission by God to re-release the Tiandi teachings, which emphasize nuclear disarmament and Chinese unification. His book, The Ultimate Realm, was translated into Japanese and English under his guidance.
- "An introduction to the Lord of Universe Church". eRenlai. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
- Overview of world religions. Xiantiandao Division of Religion and Philosophy. Division of Religion and Philosophy, University of Cumbria.
- Church of the Heaven Lord
- Church of the Heaven Lord informative website
- Tiandi Federation
- "Tenteikyo" - Tiandism in Japan
- Tendo, a related Japanese movement