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Terapon jarbua the type species of the genus Terapon
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Superfamily: Percoidea
Family: Terapontidae
Richardson, 1842[1]
Type species
Holocentrus servus
Bloch, 1790[2]

see text

Grunters or tigerperches are ray-finned fishes in the family Terapontidae (also spelled Teraponidae, Theraponidae or Therapontidae).[3] This family is part of the superfamily Percoidea of the order Perciformes.[4]


The Terapontidae is a large family of small to medium-sized perciform fishes which occur in marine, brackish and fresh waters in the Indo-Pacific region. They are characterised by a single long-based dorsal fin which has a notch marking the boundary between the spiny and soft-rayed portions. They have small to moderate-sized scales, a continuous lateral line reaching the caudal fin, and most species lack teeth on the roof of the mouth.[5] The marine species are found in inshore sea and brackish waters, some species are able to enter extremely saline and fresh waters. In Australia and New Guinea there are a number of species restricted to fresh water.[3]


The following genera are classified within the family Terpontidae:[6][5]




  1. ^ Richard van der Laan; William N. Eschmeyer & Ronald Fricke (2014). "Family-group names of Recent fishes". Zootaxa. 3882 (2): 001–230.
  2. ^ Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Terapon". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b R.P. Vari. "Terapontidae" (PDF). FAO. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  4. ^ J. S. Nelson; T. C. Grande; M. V. H. Wilson (2016). Fishes of the World (5th ed.). Wiley. p. 441. ISBN 978-1-118-34233-6.
  5. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2019). "Terapontidae" in FishBase. December 2019 version.
  6. ^ Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Genera in the family Terapontidae". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 2 May 2020.