Tobo-Kube language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Tobo language)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Native toPapua New Guinea
RegionHuon Peninsula, Morobe Province
Native speakers
(7,500 Kube (2000 census), 2,230 Tobo cited 1980 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
kgf – Kube
tbv – Tobo

Kube (Hube) and Tobo, also Mongi, are a Papuan language spoken in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. They are mutually intelligible and 95% lexicostatistically cognate.[2] Dialects of Kube include Kurungtufu and Yoangen (Yoanggeng).

The Kube alphabet includes the letter Q with hook tail, ⟨Ɋ ɋ ⟩.[citation needed]


Vowels (orthographic)[edit]

Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e é o
Low a

Consonants (orthographic)[edit]

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Labiovelar Glottal
Voiceless plosive p t k q -c
Voiced plosive b d g ɋ
Nasal m n
Voiceless affricate z
Voiced affricate ʒ
Voiceless fricative f s h
Voiced trill r
Lateral approximant l
Central approximant y w


  1. ^ Kube at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Tobo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström (2015) Ethnologue 16/17/18th editions: a comprehensive review: online appendices