8 June 1970 |
|Occupation||Security van driver|
|Criminal charge||Misappropriated Banque de France van|
|Criminal penalty||3 years in prison on May 12th 2010, extended to 5 years on November 3rd 2010|
He is known for having stolen 11.6 million euros from the Banque de France while on duty. At the time of the theft, he had emptied his flat and bank account. His colleagues reported that he had complained about the security firm and poor working conditions.
Musulin became a hot topic of conversation on a social networking website, where he was praised for "the heist of the century" and for doing it without resorting to violence or guns.
Toni Musulin was born in Saint-Martin-d'Hères on 8 June 1970 and grew up in Seynod with his brother and sister after his family moved there shortly after his birth. His father, Vinko Musulin, is an electrician who emigrated, when he was 22 years old, from Yugoslavia to France in 1965.
Toni Musulin's first career was as an electrician, like his father. At some point he founded a "société civile immobilière" (SCI Jacquemart) through which he bought an apartment building located 16 rue Jacquemart in Romans-sur-Isère in the Drôme department, with the ground floor being rented out as small shop.
At the end of the 1990s he became a security van driver for Loomis, for which he worked for 10 years, until the theft. His mother, also of Serbian origin, had by then divorced his father and was living in New Caledonia with her daughter Laurène.
Shortly before the theft, he emptied out his bank accounts, worth then 137,000 €, which was a significant amount for someone being paid 1,700 € per month. Most of that money was in fact obtained through loans from multiple banks.
He was 39 years old when the theft occurred.
On 5 November 2009 he stole the armored van he was driving containing 11.6 million euros. This was made possible by lenient application of security procedures. The armored van was found empty shortly later with its GPS tracking device disabled. On November 7, the police were tipped off by witnesses and searched a garage in which they found most of the stolen cash: 9.1 million euros as well as a hired van. The remaining 2.5 million however could not be found. Musulin claims that he left them in the van with the rest of the cash. He claims that he did the robbery because he had been "mistreated" while at his job.
Interpol searched for Musulin in its 185 member states, with suspicions he might have fled to Serbia. He finally surrendered himself to a police station in Monaco on 16 November 2009. His lawyer claims that Musulin surrendered because "he is a responsible man, he committed an offense, not a crime, and decided to face his responsibilities". Police on the other hand believe that it was a planned surrender and that Musulin had no intention of cooperating. They believe that after his prison sentence, Musulin will be free to enjoy the remaining 2.5 million Euros, which are still nowhere to be found.
According to French law, since the theft did not include any element of violence, the maximum prison term is only three years, with possible parole after 18 months. However, Musulin is also accused of false insurance claim. A few months prior to the van theft, Toni Musulin had declared that his red Ferrari F430 had been stolen, though in fact he had simply left it in Serbia.
Trial and verdict
On 12 May 2010, a court in Lyon sentenced Musulin to three years in prison. The Epoch Time reported that he accepted the verdict with a smile and was not planning to appeal. The prosecutor said: "We will do everything so that it does not end up like this. Toni Musulin will not enjoy in peace the 2.5 million euros he has hidden somewhere in Eastern Europe." On 3 November 2010, the sentence was extended to five years for the Ferrari F430 insurance fraud.
On 29 September 2013, after four years in jail, Musulin was released from prison.
- "Casse du siècle : Toni Musulin en prison" (in French). Le Parisien. 2009-11-16. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
- Girard, Aurelien (12 May 2010). "French Security Guard (and Robber) Condemned to Three Years Prison". The Epoch Time. Retrieved 13 May 2010.
- "France recovers security van cash". BBC News. 2009-11-09. Retrieved 2009-11-17.
- Portrait de Toni Musulin, nouvelobs.com, 10 mai 2010.
- Gilles, Thierry (16 November 2009). "Toni Musulin n'a pas supporté la célébrité". Paris Match.
- Tony Musulin, un Monsieur Toutlemonde à la double vie, 20minutes.fr, 9 novembre 2009.
- AFP (2009-11-09). "Fourgon volé : la majeure partie du butin retrouvée" (in French). Le Figaro. Retrieved 2009-11-17.
- Lagrange, Catherine (2009-12-03). "Toni Musulin assure ne pas savoir où est son butin" (in French). Reuters. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
- "Le convoyeur de fonds en garde à vue prolongé à Lyon" (in French). Le Figaro. 2009-11-17. Retrieved 2009-11-17.
- "Le convoyeur Tony Musulin s'est rendu, il risque trois ans de prison" (in French). Slate. 2009-11-16. Retrieved 2009-11-17.
- Briclot, Sandrine (2010-11-03). "Tony Musulin condamné à la peine maximale". France Soir. France Soir. Retrieved 20 November 2010.
- Article du Figaro (21.02.2013)
- How a Bank Robber Became an Antihero in France - TIME - 16 November 2009
- Security van driver leaps to celebrity after speeding off with £10m - The Times - 7 November 2009