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Saint-Martin-d'Hères

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Saint-Martin-d'Hères
The church of Saint-Martin
The church of Saint-Martin
Coat of arms of Saint-Martin-d'Hères
Location of Saint-Martin-d'Hères
Saint-Martin-d'Hères is located in France
Saint-Martin-d'Hères
Saint-Martin-d'Hères
Saint-Martin-d'Hères is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Saint-Martin-d'Hères
Saint-Martin-d'Hères
Coordinates: 45°10′02″N 5°45′55″E / 45.1672°N 5.7653°E / 45.1672; 5.7653Coordinates: 45°10′02″N 5°45′55″E / 45.1672°N 5.7653°E / 45.1672; 5.7653
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
DepartmentIsère
ArrondissementGrenoble
CantonSaint-Martin-d'Hères
IntercommunalityGrenoble-Alpes Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) David Queiros[1]
Area
1
9.26 km2 (3.58 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
38,398
 • Density4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
38421 /38400
Elevation206–610 m (676–2,001 ft)
(avg. 234 m or 768 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Saint-Martin-d'Hères is a commune in the Isère department in southeastern France.

It is the largest suburb of the city of Grenoble and is adjacent to it on the east.

History

The commune was created around 1100 where the church of St. Martin was located. During the middle ages it was administered at some points by the lords of the Castle of Gières, and at other times by the bishop of Grenoble, who had religious and seigniorial disputes with the former.[3][4] The city remained a mostly rural area, until the 19th century, when it saw its first industrial developments with the opening of roads and railways. In the 1950s and the 1960s the city saw a "new era" with a significant demographic expansion caused by the installation of the University of Grenoble.[3]

The city is limited at the north by the Isère. It is located in an area historically prone to flooding by it and by the Mogne and Sonnant streams, though the floods stopped since the construction of dykes and the channelization of the Mogne and Sonnant streams.[5]

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 618—    
1800 771+3.21%
1806 616−3.67%
1821 760+1.41%
1831 726−0.46%
1836 825+2.59%
1841 1,107+6.06%
1846 1,078−0.53%
1851 1,040−0.72%
1856 1,070+0.57%
1861 1,066−0.07%
1866 1,280+3.73%
1872 1,325+0.58%
1876 1,470+2.63%
1881 1,546+1.01%
1886 1,710+2.04%
1891 1,641−0.82%
1896 1,781+1.65%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 1,776−0.06%
1906 1,874+1.08%
1911 1,988+1.19%
1921 2,508+2.35%
1926 3,256+5.36%
1931 4,656+7.42%
1936 5,633+3.88%
1946 5,944+0.54%
1954 6,839+1.77%
1962 14,453+9.80%
1968 33,605+15.10%
1975 38,052+1.79%
1982 35,188−1.11%
1990 34,341−0.30%
1999 35,777+0.46%
2007 35,502−0.10%
2012 38,105+1.43%
2017 38,487+0.20%
Source: EHESS[6] and INSEE (1968-2017)[7]

Education

Saint-Martin-d'Hères is the home of the Université Grenoble Alpes main campus "Domaine Universitaire de Grenoble", a center of higher education in the region. The university features the Centre universitaire d'études françaises (CUEF). The CUEF offers second language instruction in French, and attracts students from a variety of foreign countries. Several universities in the United States sponsor study-abroad programs affiliated with the CUEF.

Personalities

Sights

See also

References

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Notre Histoire" [Our history] (in French). Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  4. ^ Histoire des communes de l'Isère 1988, p. 164
  5. ^ "Les Origines" [The origins] (in French). Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  6. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Saint-Martin-d'Hères, EHESS. (in French)
  7. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External links