A major contributor to this article appears to have a close connection with its subject. (October 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Original author(s)||Michael Duncan McArthur, Gregory Meloche|
|Developer(s)||TowIt Solutions Inc.|
|Initial release||January 16th 2015|
|Operating system||iOS, Android|
|Available in||1 languages|
"TowIt" is a free, global, cross-platform mobile app, website, and Web API that allows civilians to report parking violations and dangerous driving in real-time. The mission is to remove the barriers required to make cities effectively fight and deter bad parking and dangerous driving habits. The company ultimately aims to better existing social controls in order to drive necessary behavioral change through increased education, real-time reporting, optimized enforcement, as well as the resulting reactivity.
User base and adoption
The application has users reporting vehicular infractions in upwards of 30 countries. The top reporting countries are: Portugal, Canada, United States of America and Australia. Users have adopted TowIt for a variety of reasons, usually central to their geographical location and the prominent offences in those specific areas. For instance, the majority of Portuguese reports are cars parked on sidewalks, footpaths and pedestrian crossings, Australian reports are largely focused on the abuse of disabled parking spaces, and in Toronto or San Francisco users generally capture cars parked in bicycle lanes.
TowIt gathers data on individual parking offences, the prominence of various offence types, as well as recurring offenders. This allows the company to identify trends and hotspots in order to take action against problem vehicles, as well as to help improve urban planning, traffic congestion and gridlock management. Individuals modify or improve an aspect of their behavior in response to their awareness of being observed, theoretically more so when demonstrating selfishness, egocentrism, narcissism and anti-social behavior. The company states that by becoming a user, one can "help TowIt relieve congestion, reduce collisions, open up economies, improve the environment and enhance the lives of urban residents and suburban commuters alike". The company has acknowledged that there are numerous legislative changes that would be required to integrate with governments at any level in many countries.
A simple three-step process allows users to take a photo of an offending vehicle and subsequently verifying the offending vehicle's license plate information before submitting by tapping the TowIt (submit) button. Photographical evidence can only be captured with the camera from within the TowIt application. An Internet connection is required. The company has stated that this was purposefully done for quality control and report validation purposes. Users may only submit and view their own report history on either the iOS or Android applications. Globally submitted reports are displayed uncensored and in aggregate only on the Android application and the TowIt website. The "Global Feed" feature was removed from iOS (see iTunes Connect Acceptance Issues).
TowIt's back-end automatically geotags the report and compares it to local parking by-law data, including by-law types, locations, times, side(s) of street, etc.- where available. Valid reports are posted to the global feed, to the TowIt website, and passed on to municipalities and police for enforcement (where connected).
Technologies used under license
TowIt currently utilizes the following software or software libraries under license: AngularJS, Apache Cordova, Apple iTunes Store EULA, Chart.js, Google Play Distribution Agreement, Ionic Framework, MongoDB, Moment.js, Python 2.7, Python Flask, and jQuery.
The TowIt application was conceived by Michael Duncan McArthur on December 5, 2014 as a response to Toronto Mayor John Tory's election mandate to "get this city moving". The application was announced via TowIt's official Twitter page on January 6, 2015. After the initial public announcement, Michael & Gregory were contacted by members of John Tory's staff on January 8, 2015 and invited to demo a prototype at Toronto City Hall on January 12, 2015. The two were also invited to meet with Toronto Councillor Norm Kelly, in his City Hall office, for a subsequent demo of the live Android application on January 28, 2015. A similar meeting and demo took place with members of the Traffic Services department of Toronto Police Service on February 2, 2015.
Michael & Gregory teamed up with friends and Toronto-based developers Dae-Seon Moon, Jesse Malone, and Marcus Veres to complete the prototype in time to meet the city's imposed demo deadline and to launch the initial Android version of the application. TowIt officially launched on the Android platform on January 16, 2015. A subsequent iOS launch took place on March 19, 2015.
iTunes connect acceptance issues
The iOS version of the application was delayed for approximately two months, only after significant deliberation with Apple's iTunes Connect review board around (as then stated) rule: "14.1 - Any App that is defamatory, offensive, mean-spirited, or likely to place the targeted individual or group in harm's way will be rejected." The result was having to remove the "Global Feed" feature from the iOS platform, in which civilian users could view all recent reports from within the application. This feature still exists on the Android platform.
Business and legal
TowIt engaged Wildeboer Dellelce, one of Canada's leading business law and transactional corporate finance law firms, on January 17, 2015. The company filed for incorporation as "TowIt Solutions Inc." by both Michael & Gregory in the Canadian province of Ontario on January 22, 2015. TowIt continues to operate under a Freemium business model. The company is 100% bootstrapped and has received no outside investment to date. TowIt was accepted into the MaRS Discovery District's Venture Services program on March 4, 2015.
After receiving initial press coverage in January and February 2015, an unknown entity reported Michael & Gregory's initial communications with city staff to the City of Toronto's Lobbyist Registrar. This complaint resulted in legal threats of fines received on February 10, 2015 for apparently and unknowingly breaking municipal lobbying by-laws. These fines (of up to $100,000) were eventually withdrawn after Michael & Gregory immediately provided all records of communication with city officials and registered as lobbyists in the City of Toronto on the subjects of By-law / Regulation, Parking, and Technology. Their registration was accepted by the Lobbyist Registrar on March 6, 2015. However, communication with Toronto city staff was reduced greatly as a result, which the company believes may have been the desired intent of the original complaint.
Outreach and activism
TowIt encourages its global user base to reach out to their local government representatives to promote the app at the users' own will. This tactic is used not only to demonstrate grassroots support, but also to avoid future lobbying issues. On June 2, 2015 the company officially partnered with Australian campaign "No Permit No Park" who advocate for the creation of inclusive communities.
- "TowIt". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- Hawthorne effect
- "TowIt". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "Tory takes aim at traffic congestion in Toronto with 6-point plan". 4 December 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
- "TowIt on Twitter". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "Tow It! – The App". 2 June 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "The Best Planning Apps for 2016". 4 January 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "5 Toronto Apps You Should Be Using - Indie88". 11 June 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "12 of the Best Apps Made in Canada This Year". 10 July 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "This App Lets You Call Out Bad Parkers". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "This New App Lets You Report Cars Parked In Bike Lanes So They Can Be Towed Like They Deserve". 8 May 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "Towit app could help clear the roads and bikelanes of illegally parked cars". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "Fight Back Against Poor Parkers With This Photo-Shaming App". 1 June 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "Deze app helpt om het fietspad vrij te houden van foutparkeerders". 11 May 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "Towit pitches a digital solution to illegal parking - Toronto Star". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "New app pitches digital solution to illegal parking". Metro. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "New app helps Toronto cyclists report vehicles parked in bike lanes - Metro News". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "Towit app wants to stop bad parking jobs in Edmonton - Metro News". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "A Toronto, une appli pour dénoncer les voitures mal garées". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- Meyer, Christoph. "Handy-App gegen Parkplatz-Sünder: Ein paar Zentimeter über der Grenze". Retrieved 29 September 2016 – via Sueddeutsche.de.
- TowIt (5 June 2015). "TowIt's Michael McArthur on CP24 - Wednesday April 29, 2015". Retrieved 29 September 2016 – via YouTube.
- "'TowIt' App Publicly Shames Drivers Of Badly Parked Cars". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "Bill Kelly AM900 CHML- TowIt - Thurs, January 22nd 2015". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "Lorne Honickman AM640 - TowIt - Tues, April 28th 2015". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "THE MORNING AFTER: Tow It App". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "Gill Deacon's "Here and Now" CBC - TowIt - Fri, January 23nd 2015". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "Would you rat out your neighbor's parking with tow truck app?". 26 May 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "Nova app mostra e denuncia carros mal estacionados". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "Disabled parking cheats shamed online". Yahoo! TV. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "App allows users to report parking offenders". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- Carcasole, Mark. "Toronto-based app lets public help catch parking violators in the act". Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- US Department of Transportation - "Reframing Norms and Defaults of Transportation Choices", July 6, 2016.
- "Smartphone Applications to Influence Travel Choices Practices and Policies: Chapter 4. Transportation Apps and Their Impacts on Traveler Behavior". Retrieved 29 September 2016.