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Trehafod Road, Trehafod - - 413554.jpg
Trehafod is located in Rhondda Cynon Taf
Location within Rhondda Cynon Taf
Population498 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceST044909
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtCF37
Dialling code01443
PoliceSouth Wales
FireSouth Wales
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
List of places
Rhondda Cynon Taf
51°36′35″N 3°22′52″W / 51.6096°N 3.3811°W / 51.6096; -3.3811Coordinates: 51°36′35″N 3°22′52″W / 51.6096°N 3.3811°W / 51.6096; -3.3811

Trehafod is a village and community in the Rhondda Valley between Porth and Pontypridd in the county borough of Rhondda Cynon Taf, Wales. (The earlier name Hafod [2] was altered in 1905 to avoid confusion with Hafod near Swansea. Until then, Trehafod (first record of the name is found in 1851) had been part of Hafod). [3]

Administratively, Trehafod is split between the electoral division of Cymmer (Rhondda) to the west and Rhondda (Pontypridd) to the east. A former coalmining community, the village is now the site of the Rhondda Heritage Park, a tourist attraction commemorating the Rhondda valley coalmining industry.

Spelling variants found in the past are Trehavod (an English spelling, using "v" instead of "f") and Trefhafod (a hypercorrect Welsh form, using the conservative literary form "tref" instead of the colloquial, and more modern literary form, "tre").


The Lewis Merthyr Colliery now part of the Rhondda Heritage Park

The 1847 tithe map of the area shows a number of farms on the area that was to become Trehafod; these were named, Hafod Uchaf, Hafod Ganol and Hafod Fawr. It was from these farms that Trehafod was to take its name.

"Hafod" is a Welsh word meaning literally "summer dwelling", and refers to an upland farm (from the practice of taking cattle up the hillside from the valley floor to graze in the summer months) (haf = summer, bod = dwelling, with soft mutation of [b] to [v] of the second element (bod) after a noun used as an adjective equivalent in attributive position (haf)).

Tre (literally “town”) was used in the eighteen-hundreds in industrial areas for a street or streets of workers’ housing (equivalent to English “town” or “ville”, similarly used).

Trehafod railway station lies on the Rhondda Line which follows the River Rhondda. The railway line and river border the village on either side.

Trehafod is now most famous for the Rhondda Heritage Park which was once the Lewis Merthyr colliery, at the peak time for coal mining production, one of the most productive collieries in the South Wales Coalfield.


The village has frequently suffered flooding from the river, the most serious of which in 1960 claimed the life of an Afon street resident.[citation needed] (Afon is Welsh for 'river'.) Flooding also occurred in 1921, 1929 and 1979, after which the Rhondda River bank was reinforced. "The 1979 flood overtopped the banks of the River Rhondda just down river from Trehafod and floodwaters entered the low-lying areas of Colliery Street and Great Street causing flooding to many properties. A major river improvement scheme was completed in 1985 and no problems have occurred since then.[4]


  1. ^ "Community population 2011". Retrieved 15 November 2015.
  2. ^ {{cite news |url= |title= Rhondda Place-Name Alteration. |newspaper=Rhondda Leader |quote= Owing to the inconvenience caused in the postal arrangements by the duplication of the name Hafod, a letter was addressed by the clerk of the Pontypridd Council to the Postmaster-General asking that the district under the Council's area should be known as Trehafod. At a meeting of the Council on Tuesday afternoon, the Postmaster intimated that the change would take place on and after January 1st, 1905. |date=12 November 1904 |accessdate=11 September 2008 |
  3. ^ {{ |url= |title= HAFOD / TREHAFOD. |quote= Trehafod was built on land of Hafod-uchaf alias Hafod-fawr. The settlement of Trehafod is recorded in 1851, 1870 and 1885. |date=12 November 1904 |accessdate=5 October 2020 |
  4. ^ Taff Catchment Management Plan Consultation Report, April 1995. National Rivers Authority, Welsh Region

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