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A TriBSA café-racer at the 2007 Thundersprint
A TriBSA scrambler.

The Tribsa, or Tri-B.S.A.,[1] was a custom built café racer or off road motorcycle of the 1960s and 1970s. Its name was an amalgamation of Triumph and BSA.[2][3][better source needed] The purpose was to combine the best elements of each marque to give a superior bike to either.

A Tribsa involved a Triumph parallel twin engine installed in BSA motorcycle frame. Although both the BSA A65 and the Triumph 650 cc twins engines were overhead valve (OHV) units, only the Triumph had twin camshafts, which facilitated tuning for greater power output. The BSA frame was a duplex-cradle design which was considered stiffer and stronger than the Triumph's single downtube item.

A batch of nine TriBSAs were planned by the factory for the 1966 ISDT using 348 cc, 490 cc and 'special capacity' 504 cc 'short' Triumph twin engines in a frame using geometry from the BSA Victor scrambler, Victor front forks and wheel together with a Triumph QD rear wheel in a Triumph swinging arm (swingarm in American English). A light-alloy Gold Star type fuel tank and a steel oil tank were fitted together with three ignition coils, one as a spare.[4][5]

The 490 cc prototype was finished and tested in Wales with the remaining batch utilising the other engine sizes scheduled to follow.[5] Some bikes were intended to be named Triumph and the others BSA, to enable two opportunities for makers' honours.[6][7][8]

A Tribsa was built experimentally at Meriden by Triumph in 1973 using surplus BSA A65 frames.[9] This led to a 'factory Tribsa' which was to use the BSA A65 frames with the 650 cc TR6 engine.[citation needed] Not many of these hybrids were produced and factory records are vague.

In today's vintage off-road events, Tribsas may be seen competing in motocross, enduro, and trials.[10][11][12]

A popular alternative to the Tribsa was the Triton which combined a Triumph engine in a Norton Featherbed frame.


  1. ^ Harwood, James; Coe, John J. (2004), Life's a hoot: the autobiography of James Harwood, p. 206, ISBN 9780975128923, retrieved 26 September 2011
  2. ^ Walker, Alastair (2009), The Café Racer Phenomenon, p. 11
  3. ^ The BSA Gold Star by Mick Walker, 2004
  4. ^ Motor Cycle, 24 June 1965, p840. On the Rough, by Peter Fraser. Heresy? "More than one person has said to me just lately that a BSA Victor with a unit-construction Triumph twin engine would make a light, reliable and very rapid ISDT device". Accessed and added 2015-02-25
  5. ^ a b Motor Cycle, 21 April 1966. On the Rough, by Peter Fraser. Accessed 2013-06-29
  6. ^ Motor Cycle, 8 September 1966. ISDT Full report and final standings. K. Heanes, J.Giles 348cc Triumph. S.Miller 490 Triumph. Messrs. A.J. and A.R.Lampkin, 502cc BSA. Accessed 2013-07-01
  7. ^ Motor Cycle, 17 February 1966. On the Rough, by Peter Fraser. "Apart from bore size, the machines are to be substantially identical but some will be nominally BSAs while other will have Triumph name on the tank. This provides for two chances of makers' team honours". Accessed 2015-04-22
  8. ^ Motor Cycle, 25 August 1966. Shell BSA advert featuring Messrs Alan and Arthur Lampkin. Off-road Competition bike with Triumph twin engine badged as BSA. Accessed 2013-06-30
  9. ^ Triumph: A Century of Passion and Power. P. 142. Lindsay Brooke, 2003
  10. ^ "Bell dominates at temple cloud moto-x." Europe Intelligence Wire 4 Aug. 2009. General OneFile. Web. 26 Sep. 2011.
  11. ^ "Frost leaves rivals in the cold to win Enduro class." Europe Intelligence Wire 10 May 2005. General OneFile. Web. 26 Sep. 2011
  12. ^ "Crease reigns supreme in muddy trial." Europe Intelligence Wire 2 Dec. 2003. General OneFile. Web. 26 Sep. 2011.

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