Tribunal de grande instance de Paris
|Tribunal judiciaire de Paris|
|Jurisdiction||Paris city with certain national and inter-regional cases|
|Number of positions||536 magistrates (361 judges, 122 magistrates, and 53 local judges) and 950 civil servants|
The Tribunal judiciaire de Paris (abbreviated TJ; in English: Judicial Court of Paris), located at the Judicial Campus of Paris in Batignolles, is the largest court in France by caseload. It replaced the capital's former Tribunal de grande instance (Court of major instance) and Tribunal d'instance (court of petty instance) under an amalgamation of jurisdictions that came into effect on January 1, 2020.
The jurisdiction of the Paris judicial court is nationwide for matters of:
- crimes against humanity and war crimes,
- crimes committed outside the territory by members of the French armed forces or against them in peacetime (since the removal of the Tribunal of the armies of Paris in 2012),
- corruption and tax evasion. The financial prosecutor of the Republic is located near the court.
The court has inter-regional jurisdiction in matters of:
- complex economic and financial affairs (one of eight specialized interregional courts of France)
- Health Affairs (one of the two specialized courts with that attached to TGI de Marseille).
For all other matters, its jurisdiction is limited to the entire capital. It is one of the courts subject to the appellate jurisdiction of the Court of Appeal of Paris.
As of 2009, TGI was organized in the following hierarchy:
- President and three Vice-Presidents
- Civil Service: 12 civil divisions and specialized services
- Penal Service: 15 Correctional facilities and specialized services
- Prosecutor and two deputy prosecutors
- 1st division: public action, sectored,[TNote 1] real-time processing: 4 sections,
- 2nd division: financial center: 2 sections,
- 3rd division: general administration, civil and news: 4 sections,
- 4th division: fight against terrorism, offenses against state security, organized crime: sections 2,
- 5th division: public health center, fight against economic and social delinquency: 2 sections.
In May 2019, Jean-François Ricard was appointed Advocate General at the Court of Cassation to exercise the function of anti-terrorism public prosecutor at the Tribunal de grande instance de Paris, heading a new National Terrorism Prosecution Office (Parquet national antiterroriste; PNAT), beginning on 25 June 2019. He leads a team of 25 magistrates.
Designed by architect Renzo Piano (famous for the Centre Pompidou), the Tribunal de Paris building consolidates several major and minor courts and tribunals into one building. The building is 38 storeys and 160m high. Inside the building are 90 law courts, offices and public facilities.
Located close by is 36, rue du Bastion (Regional Directorate headquarters of the Judicial Paris Police Prefecture) and the Maison de l'ordre des avocats (Offices of the Parisian Bar association) - together, the three buildings form the Judicial Campus of Paris (Cité judiciaire de Paris).
The move from the Palais de Justice was announced on 29 April 2009 by Nicolas Sarkozy, and the contract was signed in 2012. The building was opened in 2018, and was officially inaugurated in April 2019 by French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe.
The Tribunal judiciaire is located at the Judicial Campus of Paris (Cité judiciaire de Paris) in the Batignolles district.
The TGI was previously located in the Palace of Justice on the Île de la Cité along with the Court of Appeal of Paris and the Court of Cassation. This site (formerly called Palace of the City) hosted the Parlement during the Ancien Régime. The Sainte-Chapelle and Conciergerie are remnants of the medieval royal palace, the Palais de la Cité, open to the public today. The palace is adjacent to 36, quai des Orfèvres where the Direction Régionale de Police Judiciaire de Paris (Regional Directorate of the Judicial Police of Paris) was located before it, too, moved to Batignolles.
- "KRION® in the new Tribunal de Grande Instance building in Paris -..." Solid Surface KRION®. Retrieved 2019-09-21.
- "Code de procédure pénale - Article 628" [Criminal Procedure Code - Article 628]. Legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Le Service Public de la Defussion de Droit. 15 December 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- "Code de procédure pénale - Article 697-4" [Criminal Procedure Code - Article 697-4]. Legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Le Service Public de la Defussion de Droit. 1 January 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- "Code de procédure pénale - Article 705" [Criminal Procedure Code - Article 705]. Legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Le Service Public de la Defussion de Droit. 1 February 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- "Code de procédure pénale - Article 706-17" [Criminal Procedure Code - Article 706-17]. Legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Le Service Public de la Defussion de Droit. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- "Code de procédure pénale - Article 704" [Criminal Procedure Code - Article 704]. Legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Le Service Public de la Defussion de Droit. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- "Code de procédure pénale - Article D47-3" [Criminal Procedure Code - Article D47-3]. Legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Le Service Public de la Defussion de Droit. 1 February 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- "Code de procédure pénale - Article D47-5" [Criminal Procedure Code - Article D47-5]. Legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Le Service Public de la Defussion de Droit. 1 January 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- Chancellery cited by du Luart, 2009, page 12
- "Décret du 25 juin 2019 portant nomination (magistrature) - M. RICARD (Jean-François) - Légifrance". www.legifrance.gouv.fr.
- Francois Koch (May 7, 2019). "Jean-François Ricard, nouveau visage de l'antiterrorisme". LExpress.fr.
- Andrew Ayers (2018-06-04). "Stack effect: Tribunal de Paris in France by Renzo Piano Building Workshop". Architectural Review. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
- "First photos emerge of tiered tower built by Renzo Piano for Paris". Dezeen. 2017-11-23. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
- "RPBW Architects - Renzo Piano Building Workshop". www.rpbw.com. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
- Johannès, Franck (15 January 2015). "Nouveau palais de justice de Paris : le contrat sera renégocié" [New courthouse in Paris: the contract will be renegotiated]. Le Monde (in French). Paris. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- Leclerc, Jean-Marc (11 June 2009). "Une tour de 150 m pour le futur Palais de justice de Paris" [A 150 m Tower for the Future Paris Courthouse]. Le Figaro (in French). Paris. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- "Inauguration du Tribunal de Paris". Tribunal de Paris (in French). 5 April 2019. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
- M. Roland du Luart (14 October 2009). "La future implantation du tribunal de grande instance (TGI) de Paris : la fin des hésitations" [Future implementation of the High Court of Paris : The end of delay]. senat.fr (in French). Senate of France. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- Translator is unsure of the translation of this word