Triumphal Arch of Moscow

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Coordinates: 55°44′12.3″N 37°31′11.7″E / 55.736750°N 37.519917°E / 55.736750; 37.519917

The Triumphal Gate on Victory Square, 2017
The Triumphal Gate on Tverskaya Zastava Square, 1848, by Félix Benoist

The third and the oldest surviving Triumphal Arch in Moscow was built in 1829–34 on Tverskaya Zastava Square to Joseph Bové's designs in order to commemorate Imperial Russia's victory over Napoleon. It replaced an earlier wooden structure built by the veterans of the Napoleonic Wars in 1814.[1]

The arch was built in brick and lined with ashlar. The columns and statues were of cast iron. A seiuga (six-horse chariot) was designed by Giovanni Vitali. The bilingual inscription in Russian and Latin ran as follows:[2]

To the blessed memory of Alexander I who raised from ashes and adorned with many memorials of paternal care this former capital that had been committed to the mercy of fire during the invasion of the Gauls and twelve other nations.

The arch was dismantled in 1936 as part of Joseph Stalin's reconstruction of downtown Moscow. Vitali's sculptures were then put on exhibit at an architectural museum on the grounds of the former Donskoy Monastery. After the Second World War there were plans to rebuild the structure in front of the Belorussky railway station.[3]

The current arch was built to Bove's original designs in 1966–68 in the middle of Kutuzovsky Avenue, close to the Victory Park. An open space surrounding the arch is known as the Victory Square.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ "Триумфальная арка в Москве". www.museum.ru. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  2. ^ "Календарь культуры. 20 сентября 1834 г. - Триумфальные ворота в честь побед российского воинства в 1812, 1813 и 1814". cultcalend.ru. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  3. ^ ""Архитектурныйвестник" № 3 (90) 2006". www.archvestnik.ru. Archived from the original on 6 August 2006. Retrieved 14 January 2022.

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