1947 Pacific typhoon season

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1947 Pacific typhoon season
1947 Pacific typhoon season summary.jpg
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed March 18, 1947
Last system dissipated December 29, 1947
Strongest storm
Name Rosalind
 • Maximum winds 240 km/h (150 mph)
(1-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure 924 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total storms 27
Typhoons 19
Super typhoons 1
Total fatalities Unknown
Total damage Unknown
Related articles
Pacific typhoon seasons
1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949

The 1947 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1947, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1947 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Tropical depressions in this basin have the "W" suffix added to their number. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names.

Storms[edit]

Tropical Storm Anna[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Anna 1947 track.png 
Duration March 18 – March 20
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  1001 hPa (mbar)

Anna originated from a vigorous tropical wave that moved west along the ITCZ during the days of March 16 and 17. On March 18 an approaching cold front caused the wave to congeal into a tropical low pressure system while about 415 miles (670 km) to the east of Davao. The system rapidly organized into a tropical storm and continued west. Anna made landfall on Mindanao on March 20 as a tropical depression and weakened quickly thereafter.

Little data is available for this system, however, the U.S. Air Weather Service noted that the storm was of little significance.

Unnamed Storm[edit]

The IBTrACSBest Tracks website[1] lists an unnamed system of unknown strength forming near 11.4N 111.0E. The system is tracked from May 10–11

Unnamed Storm[edit]

The IBTrACSBest Tracks website[2] lists an unnamed system of unknown strength forming near 9.6N 110.7E. The system is tracked from May 11–13

Typhoon Bernida[edit]

The Joint Typhoon Warning center (JTWC) best tracks[3] lists this system as 02W

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Bernida 1947 track.png 
Duration May 13 – May 17
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  972 hPa (mbar)

Unnamed Storm[edit]

The IBTrACSBest Tracks website[4] lists an unnamed system of unknown strength forming near 20.7N 1077E. The system is tracked from May 17–19

Typhoon Carol[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Carol 1947 track.png 
Duration June 17 – June 23
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

Carol formed east of the Philippines on June 17. It moved northwest and skimmed right past the most northern island as a 115 mph typhoon. After that, it began to weaken. Carol passed by Taiwan, and was about to hit mainland China, but it suddenly took a northeast track. Shortly thereafter, Carol dissipated on June 23.

The Joint Typhoon Warning center (JTWC) best tracks[5] lists this system as 03W.

Tropical Storm Donna[edit]

The Joint Typhoon Warning center (JTWC) best tracks[6] lists this system as 04W

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Donna 1947 track.png 
Duration July 8 – July 9
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  999 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Eileen[edit]

The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) Best Tracks[7] lists this system as 05W

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Eileen 1947 track.png 
Duration July 17 – July 19
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  993 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Faith[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Faith 1947 track.png 
Duration July 26 – July 31
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Gwen[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Gwen 1947 track.png 
Duration August 4 – August 9
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  950 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Helena[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Helena 1947 track.png 
Duration August 12 – August 14
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  983 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Inez[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Inez 1947 track.png 
Duration August 26 – August 31
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Joyce[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Joyce 1947 track.png 
Duration September 8 – September 10
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Kathleen[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Kathleen 1947 track.png 
Duration September 10 – September 15
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Kathleen struck the Boso Peninsula and the entire Kanto Region in Japan on September 15. Heavy rains caused the Arakawa and Tone Rivers to overflow. The resulting floods killed 1,077 people and left 853 people missing.[8]

Typhoon Laura[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Laura 1947 track.png 
Duration September 14 – September 18
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  962 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Mildred[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Mildred 1947 track.png 
Duration September 22 – September 25
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Nanette[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Nanette 1947 track.png 
Duration September 29 – October 2
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Olive[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Olive 1947 track.png 
Duration October 2 – October 5
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  958 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Pauline[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Pauline 1947 track.png 
Duration October 2 – October 8
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  958 hPa (mbar)

Super Typhoon Rosalind[edit]

Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Rosalind 1947 track.png 
Duration October 6 – October 14
Peak intensity 240 km/h (150 mph) (1-min)  918 hPa (mbar)

The origins of Rosalind can be track on a tropical storm that intensified into a category 2 on October 6 and named Rosalind. Therefore, Rosalind continued to rapidly intensify from 964 to 918 mbar, reaching its peak intensity. After Rosalind reaches its peak intensity, slight wind shear causes Rosalind to weaken on a category 2 on October 10. It intensified into a category 3 before it moved slowly. It weakened to a category 1 and tropical storm. Rosalind dissipated on October 14.

Rosalind was the first super typhoon ever recorded in the Pacific Ocean.

Typhoon Alice[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Alice 1947 track.png 
Duration October 13 – October 21
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Beatrice[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Beatrice 1947 track.png 
Duration October 16 – October 21
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  991 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Cathy[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Cathy 1947 track.png 
Duration October 29 – November 4
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Dora[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Dora 1947 track.png 
Duration November 2 – November 10
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Elnora[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Elnora 1947 track.png 
Duration November 10 – November 12
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Flora[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Flora 1947 track.png 
Duration November 13 – November 19
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  963 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Gladys[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Gladys 1947 track.png 
Duration November 17 – November 22
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  987 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Hannah[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Hannah 1947 track.png 
Duration November 22 – November 23
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  955 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Irene[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Irene 1947 track.png 
Duration November 30 – December 3
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Irene formed on November 30 between the Philippine Islands. It strengthened to a tropical storm with 50 mph winds before it made landfall on one of the islands. It curved northeast and weakened to a tropical depression. But after exiting land, it restrengthened to a moderate tropical storm. But shortly thereafter, it became extratropical on December 3. The Japan Meteorological Agency analyzed it as a tropical depression, though it was actually a moderate tropical storm.

Typhoon Jean[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Jean 1947 track.png 
Duration December 22 – December 29
Peak intensity 175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  973 hPa (mbar)

Storm names[edit]

  • Anna
  • Bernida
  • Carol
  • Donna
  • Eileen
  • Faith
  • Gwen
  • Helena
  • Inez
  • Joyce
  • Kathleen
  • Laura
  • Mildred
  • Nanette
  • Olive
  • Pauline
  • Rosalind
  • Alice
  • Beatrice
  • Cathy
  • Dora
  • Elnora
  • Flora
  • Gladys
  • Hannah
  • Irene
  • Jean

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]