Trump is a surname of English and German origin:
- a German surname, from a word for "drum"; it is notable as the surname of the American presidential Trump family (Donald Trump), but has an older presence in the United States via the 18th-century Amish migration from the Palatinate to Pennsylvania.
- an English surname derived from Old French trompeor "trumpeter" or "maker of trumpets" (modern surnames Trump and Trumper), recorded from the 1270s.
The majority of people with the surname live in the United States (close to 5,000 individuals, about 900 of whom live in Pennsylvania); the surname does survive in both Germany and England, but is comparatively rare (below 500 individuals in each country).
Bahlow (1982) derives the German surname Trump from a Bavarian word for "drum" (Middle High German trumpe). It is on record since the early modern period, with immigration to colonial North America from the 1730s.
Donald Trump's family
Donald Trump is the grandson of Friedrich Trump (later named Frederick) from Kallstadt, Germany. The German Verein für Computergenealogie traces the ancestry of Friedrich Trump to Johann Paul Trump (1727–1792) in Bobenheim am Berg in the German Palatinate. From there, Johannes Trump (1789–1835) moved to the nearby village of Kallstadt. His son Johannes Christian Trump (1829–1877) married Katharina Kober from Wachenheim, and their last child, Friedrich, emigrated to New York in 1885.
- Frederick Trump (born Friedrich Trump, 1869–1918), German-born American businessman, father of Fred and John Trump
- Elizabeth Christ Trump (1880–1966), German-born American real estate developer, wife and later widow of Frederick Trump, mother of Fred and John Trump and founder of The Trump Organization
- Fred Trump (1905–1999), American real estate developer, son of Frederick and Elizabeth Trump, father of Donald Trump
- Mary Anne MacLeod Trump (1912–2000), Scottish-born wife of Fred Trump
- Maryanne Trump Barry (born 1937), former senior judge of the United States Third Circuit Court of Appeals, daughter of Fred Trump and sister of Donald Trump.
- Donald Trump (born 1946), 45th president of the United States, American business magnate, investor, author, television personality, and politician, son of Fred Trump
- Ivana Trump (born 1949), Czech athlete and model, ex-wife of Donald Trump
- Donald Trump Jr. (born 1977), American businessman, son of Donald and Ivana Trump
- Vanessa Trump (born 1977), wife (divorced) of Donald Trump Jr.
- Ivanka Trump (born 1981), American businesswoman, author and former model, daughter of Donald and Ivana Trump
- Eric Trump (born 1984), American businessman and philanthropist, son of Donald and Ivana Trump
- Lara Trump (born 1982), wife of Eric Trump
- Marla Maples (born 1963), actress and television personality, ex-wife of Donald Trump
- Tiffany Trump (born 1993), heiress, singer, internet celebrity, and model, daughter of Donald and Marla Trump
- Melania Trump (born 1970), Slovenian-born model and businesswoman, wife of Donald Trump and First Lady of the United States
- Barron Trump (born 2006)
- John G. Trump (1907–1985), American high-voltage engineer and physicist, son of Frederick and Elizabeth Trump, uncle of Donald Trump
There are two spellings of Donald Trump's surname in Chinese, both introduced before his entering the political stage. The spelling 特朗普 (pinyin Tèlǎngpǔ) was introduced for the Chinese translation of his The Art of the Deal (1987, trans. 1989) and 川普 (pinyin Chuānpǔ) for the Chinese translation of Trump-Style Negotiations by George H. Ross (2008). Both versions are attempts to approximate the English pronunciation of the name to Chinese phonology, the former being more closely associated with British English and the latter with American English. With the election of Donald Trump as US president, there has been some debate in Chinese media as to which spelling to use, because it seemed impractical to keep using two variants. But there now seems to be a division between Mainland Chinese sources, PRC state media and the Chinese-language BBC using 特朗普 on one hand vs. sources in Taiwan, Hong Kong and most overseas Chinese using 川普 on the other. Apart from these two spellings used in mainstream media, there are deliberately disparaging spellings used in Chinese social media, such as 闯破 or 床破 (pinyin Chuángpò, including the pejorative 破 "low-quality; poor; lousy").
Trump is a contemporary German surname (comparatively rare, with 382 phone book entries as of 2016), with concentrations in the Cologne area, the Bad Dürkheim district (includes Kallstadt), Gifhorn district and the Schwäbisch Hall/Ansbach region.
- Chrystelle Bond née Trump, American dancer, choreographer, and dance historian
- Donald L. Trump, American oncologist
- Georg Trump (1896–1985), German graphic, typeface, and postage stamp designer
- Walter Trump (b. 1953), German mathematician
The German surname was introduced to the Province of Pennsylvania in 1733. Philip Thomas Trump was recorded as part of a group of Germans from the Palatinate. In the United States, there were close to 4,800 individuals with the surname on record as of 2016, Pennsylvania still accounting for close to one fifth of their number.
- William Trump (b. 1923 in Pennsylvania, d. 2009), USCG hero and namesake of the USCGC William Trump
- Charles S. Trump (b. 1960 in West Virginia), West Virginia State Senator
The modern English surnames Trump, Tromp and Trumper are derived from occupational names referring to "trumpet", either for trumpeters or trumpet-makers. Early attestations of the occupational name include references to one Patrick Trumpe in Cumbria (1275), to Adam Trumpur in Essex (also 1275), and to Nicholas Trump in Cambridgeshire (1279). One William Trompeur is recorded in London in 1320, and one John le Trumpour in Yorkshire in 1327. One of the Monmouth rebels transported to the West Indies in 1685 was Humphrey Trump of Membury, Devon. In modern English surname Trump is localized in Southwestern England, especially Devon and Somerset. 429 individuals named Trump were reported for Great Britain as of 2016 (compared to 458 in 1881).
- David H. Trump (1931–2016), British archaeologist known for his work in the area of Maltese prehistory
- Dorothy Trump (1964–2013), English geneticist
- Harvey Trump (born 1968), English cricketer
- Judd Trump (born 1989), English snooker player
- Kelly Trump (born August 27, 1970 as Nicole Heyka), German pornographic actresses
- Gwenda Blair, The Trumps: Three Generations That Built an Empire (2000), p. 26. See also. "Why Donald Trump trumps Donald Drumpf". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
- Patrick Hanks, Richard Coates, Peter McClure, The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland, Oxford University Press (2016), p. 2735.
- Bahlow: Deutsches Namenslexikon (1982). MHG trumpe, trumbe, trume could mean either "trumpet" or "drum". Lexer, Mittelhochdeutsches Handwörterbuch (1872-1878) records variants in d- (drumme, drume, drumpe) under the meaning "drum",
- Verein für Computergenealogie: Vorfahren von Friederich "Fritz" Trump Archived 2017-08-03 at the Wayback Machine.
- 川普談判學:達成每一筆交易的完美判法 Ross George H/卞娜娜 (gobooks.com.tw)
- Manya Koetse, Why Trump has two different names in Chinese, 1 February 2017.
- I.D. Rupp, A collection of upwards of thirty thousand names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and other immigrants in Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776 (1875), p. 92. Ship Pink Mary, Captain James Benn, arrived from Dublin Sept. 29, 1733.
- Z. Crockett, There are 4,788 Trumps in the United States. Here's where they live., 20 October 2016 (data collected from Whitepages).
- "Trump" in Dictionary of American Family Names, Oxford University Press (2013). "English (Devon): metonymic occupational name for a trumpeter, from Middle English trumpe ‘trumpet’."