Tuluva dynasty

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Tuluva is the name of the third Dynasty of the Vijayanagara Empire.[1][2] The dynasty traces its patrilineal ancestry to Tuluva Narasa Nayaka, a powerful warlord from the westerly Tulu speaking region.[3] His son Narasimha Nayaka arranged for the assassination of the weak Narasimha Raya II bringing an end to the rule of the Saluva dynasty.[3] Narasimha Nayaka later assumed the Vijayangara throne as Viranarasimha Raya bringing the Tuluva dynasty to prominence.[3] The dynasty was at its zenith during the rule of Krishnadevaraya, the second son of Tuluva Narasa Nayaka.


A Sanskrit epigraph on the eastern wall of Tirumala temple describes the genealogy of Krishnadevaraya.[3] The first ancestor of the Tuluva lineage to be mentioned is Timmabhupati and his wife Devaki.[3] Timmabhupati is followed by his son Ishvara and consort Bukkamma and then a certain Narasa Bhupala who is none other than Tuluva Narasa Nayaka, the father of Emperor Krishnadevaraya.[3] The powerful warlord Tuluva Narasa Nayaka is attributed with the conquest of the Gajapatis as well as certain Muslim rulers.[3]

Krishnadevaraya a Tulu speaker himself was noted to be linguistically neutral as he ruled a multilingual empire.[4] He is known to have patronised poets and issued inscriptions in languages as varied as Sanskrit, Tamil, Kannada and Telugu.[4] However, he elevated Telugu as a royal language possibly because of the dominance of Telugu speaking chiefs and composed the epic poem Amuktamalyada in it.[4] Tuluva rulers were staunch Vaishnavas and patronised Vaishnavism.[5] Vyasatirtha, a Kannadiga Dvaita saint was the Kulaguru of Krishnadevaraya.[6]

The fall of the Tuluva dynasty led to the beginning of the disintegration of the Vijayanagar empire.[citation needed]

List of rulers[edit]

Name Birth Reign Death
Tuluva Narasa Nayaka 1491–1503 1503
Viranarasimha Raya 1505–1509 1509
Krishnadevaraya 17 January 1471 26 July 1509 – 17 October 1529 17 October 1529
Achyuta Deva Raya 1529–1542 1542
Venkata - I 1542–1542 (killed in only 6 months) 1542
Sadasiva Raya 1542–1570 1570

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 103–112. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  2. ^ For a map of their territory see: Schwartzberg, Joseph E. (1978). A Historical atlas of South Asia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 147, map XIV.4 (e). ISBN 0226742210.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Pollock, Sheldon (2011). Forms of Knowledge in Early Modern Asia: Explorations in the Intellectual History of India and Tibet, 1500–1800. Duke University Press. p. 81. ISBN 9780822349044. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Peter Fibiger Bang, Dariusz Kolodziejczyk (2012). Universal Empire: A Comparative Approach to Imperial Culture and Representation in Eurasian History. Cambridge University Press. pp. 222–223. ISBN 9781107022676. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  5. ^ N. Jagadeesan (1977). History of Sri Vaishnavism in the Tamil Country: Post-Ramanuja. Koodal Publishers. p. 302. The Tuluva kings of Vijayanagara especially Krishnadeva Raya and his successors were staunch Vaishnavaites.
  6. ^ William J. Jackson (26 July 2007). Vijaynagar Visions: Religious Experience and Cultural Creativity in a South Indian Empire. Oxford University Press India. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-19-568320-2. Retrieved 26 July 2007. When Krishnadevaraya became the ruler Vyasa Tirtha was his guru