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Turbinella laevigata.png
A live individual of Turbinella laevigata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Muricoidea
Family: Turbinellidae
Subfamily: Turbinellinae
Genus: Turbinella
Lamarck, 1799[1]
Type species
Voluta pyrum Linnaeus, 1767

See text

  • Buccinella Perry, 1811
  • Turbinellus Lamarck, 1801 (invalid emendation of Turbinella, placed on Official Index by Opinion 489)
  • Xancus Bolten, 1798

Turbinella is a genus of very large sea snails with an operculum, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Turbinellidae.[2]

These species are sometimes known as "chanks" or "chank shells". One species in this genus is the sacred chank, Turbinella pyrum; see "Shankha" for the cultural and religious use of the shell of that species.


Species in this genus are found world-wide, mostly in tropical shallow waters.


Most species have massive shells with three or four prominent columellar plicae.


Hindu priest blowing a trumpet made out of a large shell of Turbinella pyrum, in Tirupati, India

Species within the genus Turbinella include:

Species brought into synonymy 
  • Turbinella armata Broderip, 1833: synonym of Vasum armatum (Broderip, 1833)
  • Turbinella armigera Lesson, 1842 : synonym of Reishia armigera (Link, 1807)
  • Turbinella cassiformis Kiener, 1840: synonym of Vasum cassiforme (Kiener, 1840)
  • Turbinella cornigera Lamarck, 1822: synonym of Vasum turbinellus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Turbinella globulus Lamarck, 1816: synonym of Vasum globulus (Lamarck, 1816)
  • Turbinella mitis Lamarck, 1822: synonym of Vasum capitellum (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Turbinella nuttingi Henderson, 1919: synonym of Vasum globulus (Lamarck, 1816)
  • Turbinella pugillaris Lamarck, 1822: synonym of Vasum muricatum (Born, 1778)
  • Turbinella tuberculata Broderip, 1833 : synonym of Leucozonia tuberculata (Broderip, 1833)
  • Turbinella tubifera Anton, 1838: synonym of Vasum tubiferum (Anton, 1838)
  • Turbinella variolaris Lamarck, 1822: synonym of Vasum turbinellus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species inquerenda
  • Turbinella tuberculata Anton, 1838 (species inquirenda, Invalid: junior homonym of Turbinella tuberculata Broderip, 1833)


  1. ^ Lamarck (1799). Mém. Soc. Hist. nat. Paris 73.
  2. ^ a b Bouchet, P. (2011). Turbinella Lamarck, 1799. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=204588 on 2011-04-27

External links[edit]