Twin-boom aircraft

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A de Havilland Vampire T11 of the UK Vampire Preservation Group at the 2010 Cotswold Air Show.
The IAI Heron is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) that features a twin-boom configuration.

A twin-boom aircraft is characterised by two longitudinal booms (extended nacelle-like bodies) fixed to its main wing on either side of its centre line. The booms may contain ancillary items such as fuel tanks and/or provide a supporting structure for external ancillary items. Typically, twin tailbooms provide mounting points for one or more tail surfaces, although on some types such as the Rutan Model 72 Grizzly the booms run forward of the main wing. The twin-boom configuration is distinct from twin-fuselage designs.

Transport aircraft[edit]

The twin-boom configuration allows a cargo door or large access door to be placed in the back of the aircraft, free from obstruction by the tail assembly. Examples include the C-82 Packet, C-119 Flying Boxcar, Armstrong Whitworth AW.660 Argosy and Transavia PL-12 Airtruk.

Combat aircraft[edit]

The twin-boom configuration has been adopted by combat aircraft designers for several reasons:

General aviation[edit]

Some modern high-efficiency designs have twin booms which distribute the load along the wing span and/or stiffen the overall structure.

Examples include the Rutan Voyager, Rutan Model 72 Grizzly and the Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer.

List of twin-boom aircraft[edit]

Type Country Class Role Date Status Notes
Abrams P-1 Explorer US Propeller Utility 1937
AD Seaplane Type 1000 UK Propeller Torpedo bomber 1916
Adam A500 US Propeller 2002
Adam A700 US Jet 2003
ADI Condor US Motor glider 1981
Aeroric Dingo Russia Propeller Utility
AGO C.II Germany Propeller Reconnaissance 1915
AHRLAC Holdings Ahrlac South Africa Propeller Reconnaisance 2014
Airspeed AS.31 UK Propeller Fighter Project
Airsport Song Czech Republic Propeller Ultralight
Air Utility AU-18 US Propeller Utility 1945
AISA GN Spain Rotorcraft 1982 Prototype Autogyro
Akaflieg Stuttgart FS-28 Avispa Germany Propeller 1972 Prototype
Alaparma Baldo Italy Propeller Utility 1949
Alenia Aermacchi Sky-Y Italy UAV 2007
American Gyro AG-4 Crusader US Propeller Utility 1935
Armstechno NITI Bulgaria UAV 2006
Anderson Greenwood AG-14 US Propeller Utility 1947
ANTEX-M Portugal UAV
Antonov A-40 USSR Glider Transport 1942
Antonov LEM-2 (OKA-37) USSR Motor glider 1937
Armstrong Whitworth AW.660 Argosy UK Propeller Transport 1959
Arpin A-1 UK Propeller 1938
AVE Mizar US Propeller Roadable aircraft 1973
Avion Experimental No.1 US Propeller Experimental 1929
BAE Systems Phoenix UK UAV 1986
BAE Systems SkyEye UK UAV 1973
Bell XP-52 US Propeller Fighter Prototype
Belyayev EOI USSR Propeller Fighter 1939 Prototype
Boeing Insitu RQ-21 Blackjack US UAV 2012
Blohm & Voss BV 138 Germany Propeller Reconnaissance 1937
Bryan Autoplane US Propeller Roadable aircraft 1953
Burnelli CBY-3 Canada Propeller Transport 1944 Prototype
Burnelli GX-3 US Propeller Experimental 1929 Prototype
Burnelli UB-14 US Propeller Transport 1934
Burnelli UB-20 US Propeller Transport
Buscaylet-de Monge 7-4 France Propeller Experimental 1923 Prototype
Buscaylet-de Monge 7-5 France Propeller Experimental 1925 Prototype
Campbell Model F US Propeller
Canaero Toucan Canada Propeller Ultralight 1983
Caproni Ca.3 Italy Propeller Bomber 1916
Caproni Ca.4 Italy Propeller Bomber 1917
Caproni Ca.5 Italy Propeller Bomber 1917
CarterCopter US Rotorcraft 1998 Autogyro
Celier Xenon 2 Poland Rotorcraft Autogyro
Cessna Skymaster/O-2 Skymaster US Propeller 1961
Cessna XMC US Propeller Experimental 1971
Conroy Stolifter US Propeller Utility 1968
Continental KB-1 US Propeller Reconnaissance 1916 Prototype
Convair 106 Skycoach US Propeller Experimental 1946 Prototype
Convair Model 48 Charger US Propeller Attack 1964 Prototype
Creative Flight Aerocat Canada Propeller 2001 Prototype
Cunliffe-Owen OA-1 UK Propeller Transport 1939 Prototype
Curtiss Autoplane US Propeller Roadable aircraft 1917 Prototype
Curtiss CT US Propeller Torpedo Bomber 1921 Prototype
De Havilland Sea Vixen UK Jet Fighter 1951 Production
De Havilland Vampire UK Jet Fighter 1943 Production
De Havilland Venom UK Jet Fighter 1952 Production
De Schelde S.20 Netherlands Propeller
De Schelde S.21 Netherlands Propeller Fighter 1940 Prototype
Difoga 421 Netherlands Propeller
Dyle et Bacalan DB-70 France Propeller Transport 1929 One built Airliner
Doblhoff WNF 342 V4 Germany Rotorcraft Reconnaissance 1943 Helicopter
DRDO Nishant India UAV
Edgley Optica UK Propeller Patrol 1979 Observation. Ducted fan.
Eldred Flyer's Dream US Propeller Sports 1946
Emsco B-8 Flying Wing US Propeller
Fairchild C-82 Packet US Propeller Transport 1944
Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar US Propeller Transport 1947
Fairchild XC-120 Packplane US Propeller Transport 1950 Prototype
FMA IA 67 Córdoba Argentina Propeller Transport Prototype [citation needed]
Friedrichshafen FF.34 Germany Propeller 1916
Focke-Wulf Fw 189 Germany Propeller Reconnaissance 1938
Focke-Wulf Flitzer Germany Jet Fighter 1944 Prototype
Fokker D.XXIII Netherlands Propeller Fighter 1939
Fokker F.25 Netherlands Propeller 1946
Fokker G.I Netherlands Propeller Fighter 1937
General Airborne Transport XCG-16 US Glider Transport 1943
General Aircraft Cagnet UK Propeller Training 1939
Ghods Mohajer Iran UAV 1981
Gotha Go 242 Germany Glider Transport 1941
Gotha Go 244 Germany Propeller Transport 1942
Gotha WD.3 Germany Propeller Reconnaissance 1915 Prototype
Grahame-White Ganymede UK Propeller Bomber 1918
Groen Hawk 4 US Rotorcraft Transport 1942 Autogyro
Grokhovsky G-37 USSR Propeller
Grokhovsky G-38 USSR Propeller
Grokhovsky G-39 USSR Propeller
Häfeli DH-1 Switzerland Propeller Reconnaissance 1916
Hanriot H.110/H.115 France Propeller Fighter 1933
Henderson H.S.F.1 UK Propeller 1929
Heston JC.6 UK Propeller Reconnaissance 1947 Prototype
HWL Pegaz Poland Propeller Motor Glider 1949 Prototype
Hughes D-2 US Propeller Fighter 1942 Prototype
Hughes XF-11 US Propeller Patrol 1946 Prototype Reconnaissance
Hydra Technologies Ehécatl Mexico UAV 2006
IAI Arava Israel Propeller Transport 1969
IAI Heron Israel UAV 1994
IAI Scout Israel UAV
IAI Searcher Israel UAV
Ikarus 452M Yugoslavia Jet Experimental 1953
Ion Aircraft Ion US Propeller 2007
Johns Multiplane US Propeller Experimental 1919
Kalinin K-7 USSR Propeller Experimental 1933 Prototype
Kaman HH-43 Huskie US Rotorcraft Utility 1947 Helicopter
Kamov Ka-26 USSR Rotorcraft Utility 1965 Helicopter
Kamov Ka-126 USSR Rotorcraft Utility 1988 Helicopter
Kamov Ka-226 Russia Rotorcraft Utility 1997 Helicopter
Kingsford Smith PL.7 Australia Propeller Utility 1956 Agricultural
Kokusai Ku-7 Japan Glider Transport 1942
Kokusai Ki-105 Otori Japan Propeller Transport
Kortenbach & Rauh Kora 1 Germany Motor glider 1973
Levasseur PL.200/201 France Propeller
Lockheed P-38 Lightning US Propeller Fighter 1939 Production
Lockheed XP-49 US Propeller Fighter 1942 Prototype
Lockheed XP-58 Chain Lightning US Propeller Fighter 1944 Prototype
Lloyd 40.08 Luftkreuzer Germany Propeller Bomber 1916 Prototype
LWF Model H Owl US Propeller Bomber 1919 Prototype
Maeda Ku-1 Japan Glider Training 1941
Macchi M.12 Italy Propeller Bomber 1918
Mansyū Ki-98 Japan Propeller Attack 1945 Prototype
McCulloch J-2 US Rotorcraft Utility 1962 Autogyro
McDonnell XV-1 US Rotorcraft Experimental 1954 Gyroplane
Millet Lagarde ML-10 France Propeller Experimental 1949 Prototype
Mirach 26 Italy UAV 1992
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-110 Russia Propeller Transport 1995 Project
Moskalev SAM-13 USSR Propeller Fighter Prototype
Moskalev SAM-23 USSR Glider Transport Prototype
Myasishchev M-17 Stratosphera USSR Jet Reconnaissance 1982
Myasishchev M-55 USSR Jet Reconnaissance 1988
Nord Noratlas France Propeller Transport 1949
North American Rockwell OV-10 Bronco US Propeller Attack 1965
Northrop F-15 Reporter US Propeller Reconnaissance 1945
Northrop Grumman Firebird US Propeller Reconnaissance 2010
Northrop P-61 Black Widow US Propeller Fighter 1942
NPO Molniya Molniya-1 Russia Propeller Utility 1992
OMA SUD Skycar Italy Propeller Utility 2007
Otto C.I Germany Propeller Reconnaissance 1915
PAL-V Netherlands Rotorcraft Roadable aircraft 2012
Piper PA-7 US Propeller 1944 Prototype
Pitcairn XO-61 US Rotorcraft Prototype Autogyro
Pocino PJ.1A France Propeller Sports 1989 Prototype
Portsmouth Aerocar UK Propeller Utility 1947 Prototype
Potez 75 France Propeller Attack 1953 Prototype
Praga E-51 Czechoslovakia Propeller Reconnaissance 1938 Prototype
Puget Pacific Wheelair US Propeller Utility
PZL M-15 Belphegor Poland Jet Utility 1973 Agricultural.
PZL M-17 Poland Propeller Training 1973 Prototype
Rutan Model 72 Grizzly US Propeller 1984
Rocheville Arctic Tern US Propeller 1932 Prototype
Rotor Flight Dynamics LFINO US Rotorcraft 2006 Prototype Autogyro
RTAF-5 Thailand Propeller Training 1984 Prototype Autogyro
RUAG Ranger Switzerland / Israel UAV
Rutan Voyager US Propeller 1984
S-TEC Sentry US UAV 1986
Saab 21 Sweden Propeller Fighter 1943
Saab 21R Sweden Jet Fighter 1947
SAB AB-20 France Propeller Bomber 1932
Sadler Vampire US Propeller Ultralight 1982
SAIMAN LB.2 Italy Propeller Private 1937 Prototype
Savoia-Marchetti S.64 Italy Propeller 1928
Savoia-Marchetti S.65 Italy Propeller Private 1929 Prototype Racer
Savoia-Marchetti SM.91/SM.92 Italy Propeller 1943
Scaled Composites ARES US Jet Attack 1990
Scaled Composites ATTT US Propeller Transport 1986
Scaled Composites Pond Racer US Propeller Private 1991 Prototype Racer
Scaled Composites Proteus US Jet Experimental 1991 Prototype
Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne US Rocket Spaceplane 2003
Scaled Composites White Knight US Jet 2002
Schneider Sch-10M France Propeller Bomber 1924 Prototype
Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr 2 Germany Propeller [1]
Schweizer RU-38 Twin Condor US Propeller Reconnaissance 1995
SECAN Courlis France Propeller Private 1946
Selex ES Falco Italy UAV 2003
SIAI-Marchetti FN.333 Riviera Italy Propeller Private 1952
Siemens-Schuckert L.I Germany Propeller Bomber 1918
Sikorsky S-38 US Propeller Transport 1928
Sikorsky S-39 US Propeller Transport
Sikorsky S-40 US Propeller Transport 1931
Sikorsky S-41 US Propeller Transport 1930
SIPA S-200 Minijet France Jet 1952
Škoda Kauba Sk V6 Czechoslovakia Propeller Experimental
SNCAC NC.1070 France Propeller Attack 1947 Prototype
SNCAC NC.1071 France Jet Attack 1948 Prototype
SNCASO SO.8000 Narval France Propeller Fighter 1949 Prototype
SPCA 30 France Propeller Bomber 1931 Prototype
Spectrum SA-550 US Propeller Utility 1983
Stearman-Hammond Y-1 US Propeller Utility 1931
Stout Skycar II / III / IV US Propeller 1941
Sukhoi Su-12 USSR Propeller Reconnaissance 1947
Sukhoi Su-80 Russia Jet 2001
Tachikawa Ki-94-I Japan Propeller Fighter
TAI Baykuş Turkey UAV
Teledyne Ryan Model 410 US UAV 1988
Terrafugia Transition US Propeller Roadable aircraft 2009
THK-11 Turkey Propeller 1947
Transavia PL-12 Airtruk Australia Propeller Utility 1965 Agricultural
Trella T-106 US Propeller 1949
Tupolev I-12/ANT-23 USSR Propeller Fighter 1931
US Army RQ-7 Shadow US UAV 1991
Vance Viking US Propeller Racing 1932
Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer US Jet 2005
Vultee XP-54 US Propeller Fighter 1943 Prototype
Wagner Aerocar Germany Rotorcraft Roadable aircraft 1965
Weick W-1 US Propeller Experimental 1934 Prototype
Weymann 66 France Propeller Utility 1933 Prototype
Willoughby Delta 8 UK Propeller Experimental 1939 Prototype
Wingship Technology Corp WSH-500 South Korea Propeller Ground effect vehicle
WLT Sparrow Czech Republic Propeller Ultralight 2010
WNF Wn 16 Austria Propeller Experimental
Yakovlev Yak-58 Russia Propeller Utility 1993

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Green, W. and Swanborough, G.; The complete book of fighters, Salamander, 1994, Page 521.