Tylomelania towutica

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Tylomelania towutica
Tylomelania towutica shell 2.png
An apertural view of a shell of Tylomelania towutica. Scale bar is 10 mm.
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Sorbeoconcha
Superfamily: Cerithioidea
Family: Pachychilidae
Genus: Tylomelania
Species: T. towutica
Binomial name
Tylomelania towutica
(Kruimel, 1913)[2]

Melania towutica Kruimel, 1913

Tylomelania towutica is a species of freshwater snail with an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Pachychilidae.

The specific name towutica is after Lake Towuti where it lives.


This species occurs in Lake Towuti and in the Tominanga River, in south Sulawesi, Indonesia.[3] Its type locality is lake Towuti, Loeha Island.[3]


An apertural view of a shell of Tylomelania towutica from its type description.


Tylomelania towutica is a lacustrine species.[4]

The females of Tylomelania towutica usually have 1-7 embryos in their brood pouch.[4] Newly hatched snails of Tylomelania towutica have a shell height of 0.5-9.3 mm.[4]

Human use[edit]

It is a part of ornamental pet trade for freshwater aquaria.[5]


  1. ^ The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 July 2014.
  2. ^ Kruimel J. H. (1913). "Verzeichnis der von Herrn E.C. Abendanon in Celebes gesammelten Süsswasser-Mollusken". Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 19: 217–235, page 220, plate 4, fig. 8.
  3. ^ a b von Rintelen, Bouchet P. & Glaubrecht M. (2007). "Ancient lakes as hotspots of diversity: a morphological review of an endemic species flock of Tylomelania (Gastropoda: Cerithioidea: Pachychilidae) in the Malili lake system on Sulawesi, Indonesia". Hydrobiologia 592:11-94. doi:10.1007/s10750-007-0765-8.
  4. ^ a b c von Rintelen T. & Glaubrecht M. (2005). "Anatomy of an adaptive radiation: a unique reproductive strategy in the endemic freshwater gastropod Tylomelania (Cerithioidea: Pachychilidae) on Sulawesi, Indonesia and its biogeographical implications." Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 85: 513–542. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2005.00515.x.
  5. ^ Ng, T. H., Tan, S. K., Wong, W. H., Meier, R., Chan, S. Y., Tan, H. H., & Yeo, D. C. (2016). "Molluscs for sale: assessment of freshwater gastropods and bivalves in the ornamental pet trade". PLoS ONE 11(8): e0161130. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0161130

External links[edit]