Type 4 Ha-To

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Type 4 Ha-To
Type 4 Ha-To.jpg
Type 4 Ha-To self-propelled mortar
Place of origin Empire of Japan
Specifications
Mass14.3 tons
Length6.8 meters
Width2.4 meters
Height2.75 meters
Crew7

Armor12-25 mm
Main
armament
Type 3 300mm mortar
Secondary
armament
none
Enginewater-cooled 6cyl Mitsubishi gasoline
115 HP
Power/weight-
Suspensionbell crank
Speed40 km/h

The Type 4 Ha-To (試製四式重迫撃砲 ハト, Shisei yon-shiki jū-hakugekihō hato) was a self-propelled gun developed by the Imperial Japanese Army for use in World War II

History and design

The Type 4 Ha-To was conceived as a mobile fire support platform in late 1943, making use of the already existing Type 3 300 mm heavy mortar on a chassis based an extensively modified Type 4 Chi-To medium tank. The mortar had a range of 3,000 m (1.9 mi) and launched a 170 kg (374 lb) projectile. The gun itself weighed close to 1.5 tons, and to keep the center of gravity from shifting and tipping the vehicle over, it could not be elevated more than 50 degrees.[1]

The first prototype was completed in late 1944 and taken to the Imperial Japanese Army Academy for testing. Although testing indicated that it would be an effective weapon, it was expensive to produce, and the Japanese Army Technical Bureau shifted its attention to self-propelled multiple rocket launchers instead.[2]

An additional three units were produced before the surrender of Japan, but none were used in combat.[3]

References

  • Trewhitt, Philip (1999). Armoured Fighting Vehicles. 108: Dempsey-Parr. ISBN 1-84084-328-4.
  • Zaloga, Steven J. (2007). Japanese Tanks 1939-45. Osprey. ISBN 9781846030918.

External links

Notes

  1. ^ Japanese Wikipedia article
  2. ^ Taki's Imperial Japanese Army Page
  3. ^ Trewhitt, Armoured Fighting Vehicles