U.S. Route 385 in Colorado
|High Plains Highway|
Map of eastern Colorado with US 385 highlighted in red
|Maintained by CDOT|
|Length||318.52 mi (512.61 km)|
|South end||US-287 / US-385 / SH-3 towards Boise City, OK|
|North end||US 385 towards Chappell, NE|
|Counties||Baca, Prowers, Kiowa, Cheyenne, Kit Carson, Yuma, Phillips, Sedgwick|
U.S. Highway 385 (US 385), also known as the High Plains Highway north of Cheyenne Wells, is the easternmost significant north–south state highway in the U.S. state of Colorado. It enters the state from Oklahoma while overlapped with US 287, but splits at Lamar to follow its own route through the Eastern Plains to Nebraska.
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US 385 is almost entirely a rural two-lane route. It begins at the Oklahoma state line on an overlap with US 287 (and at the west end of Oklahoma State Highway 3) and follows US 287 north through Campo and Springfield to Lamar. In that city it turns east with US 50 through Carlton to Granada, where the route turns north and finally separates from others. Communities along the route include Bristol, Sheridan Lake, Cheyenne Wells, Burlington, Wray, Holyoke, and Julesburg. US 385 turns west with US 138 in Julesburg, splitting west of the city and running northwest to the Nebraska state line.
The corridor along the eastern tier of Colorado was defined as several secondary highways in the 1910s. By 1914, the following were present: Secondary Road No. 2S from Oklahoma north to Holly, No. 9S from Cheyenne Wells north to Burlington, and No. 6S from Burlington north to Wray. No. 24S from Wray north to Julesburg and No. 25S south from Granada were added by 1916, and by 1919 the corridor had been completed with the extension of No. 9S south to near Granada and the connection of No. 25S to No. 2S via No. 33S east of Two Buttes. As part of a renumbering in 1923, State Highway 51 (SH 51) was assigned to the route, with one major difference: SH 51 did not follow No. 2S (which mostly became SH 89), but instead went southeast from Two Buttes to Stonington and continued by replacing No. 30S (Dallas-Canadian-Denver Highway) to the Kansas state line in the direction of Guymon, Oklahoma. (The connection in Kansas would become K-51 several years later, but the rest of the road to US 64 west of Guymon did not become Oklahoma State Highway 95 until 1953–1954.)
In 1932–1934 a short extension from Julesburg north to Nebraska (mostly via present SH 11) was added to the route, taking it from border to border. At the same time, a new State Highway 166 (SH 166) was created, paralleling the Union Pacific Railroad's Overland Route from US 138 west of Julesburg northwesterly to the Nebraska line (where it connected with Nebraska Highway 27). SH 51 spent its early days as an unpaved road, except from Granada north to Road KK near Bristol, which received "oil process surfacing" in 1931–1932 when it was still part of US 50. Otherwise, paving was begun in 1941–1942 between Holyoke and Julesburg, and was completed north of Cheyenne Wells in 1957–1958. Several major realignments were made prior to paving. US 385 was realigned north of Wray in 1937–1939, leaving behind two separate sections of County Road FF and Roads 43 and 10 returning to current US 385 south of Holyoke. Soon thereafter, in 1939–1940, US 395 was realigned to bypass Idalia and Vernon to the east, leaving behind Road 9 to Idalia (now part of US 36), Roads DD and CC between Idalia and Vernon, and Road 26 back east to current US 385. In 1953 the state got rid of a large number of state highways, including the short extension of SH 51 north of Julesburg (still unpaved), all of SH 166 (also unpaved), and the entire length of SH 51 south of Granada. Except for 7 miles (11 km) of SH 116 east of Two Buttes, this was given back to the counties, and is now Roads M, 49, X, and 44 from Kansas (where K-51 still exists) to Walsh, Road 45 from Walsh to SH 116, and Roads 38, 21, N, 22, R, and 25 from SH 116 to Granada. All of these roads remain unpaved with the exception of 6 miles (9.7 km) of Road 44 south of Walsh.
US 385 was created nationally in 1958–1959. In Colorado it followed US 287 from Oklahoma to Kit Carson, US 40 east to Cheyenne Wells, SH 51 to Julesburg, and former SH 166 (paved in 1959–1960) was returned to the state highway system for the final bit into Nebraska. The remaining independent section of SH 51 was paved over the next few years and completed in 1963–1964, at which time US 385 was moved off US 287 north of Lamar. SH 51 was dropped along with other redundant state highway designations in late 1968.
In the Eastern Colorado Mobility Study (2002) the Colorado Department of Transportation (CDOT) identified US 385 as a potential connection between the Ports-to-Plains Corridor (US 287) and Heartland Expressway (SH 71 and US 385 in Nebraska). In 2004 the Colorado General Assembly defined the High Plains Highway as that part of US 385 from Cheyenne Wells north to Nebraska, along with US 40 connecting US 287 near Kit Carson with Cheyenne Wells. A more detailed study, made in 2007, recommended improving the highway to a "super 2" facility with improved roadway geometry and shoulders. Signs marking the High Plains Highway were posted in 2009.
|Baca||||0.000||0.000||US-287 south / US-385 south / SH-3 east||Oklahoma state line|
|||28.777||46.312||US 160 – Pritchett, Walsh|
|||40.772||65.616||SH 116 – Two Buttes|
|US 50 west / US 287 north (Main Street) – La Junta, Eads||Northern end of US 287 overlap; southern end of US 50 overlap|
|US 50 east / US 400 east (Goff Street) – Holly||Northern end of US 50 overlap|
|||98.628||158.726||Road KK||Former SH 196|
|Kiowa||||122.879||197.755||SH 96 west – Eads||Southern end of SH 96 overlap|
|Sheridan Lake||123.682||199.047||SH 96 east – Towner||Northern end of SH 96 overlap|
|Cheyenne||||149.701||240.920||US 40 east – Sharon Springs||Southern end of US 40 overlap|
|Cheyenne Wells||150.251||241.806||US 40 west – Kit Carson||Northern end of US 40 overlap|
|Kit Carson||Burlington||187.411||301.609||I-70 – Denver, Topeka||I-70 exit 437.|
|187.886||302.373||US 24 west (Rose Avenue)||Southern end of US 24 overlap|
|188.855||303.933||US 24 east (Rose Avenue)||Northern end of US 24 overlap|
|Yuma||||216.861||349.004||US 36 west – Idalia, Denver||Southern end of US 36 overlap|
|||219.448||353.167||US 36 east – St. Francis||Northern end of US 36 overlap|
|Wray||243.345||391.626||US 34 (3rd Street)|
|Phillips||Holyoke||279.424||449.689||US 6 (Denver Street)|
|279.893||450.444||SH 23 – Venango, Amherst|
|Sedgwick||||294.617||474.140||County Road 4 – Venango||Former SH 148|
|Julesburg||309.158||497.542||I-76 – Sterling, Ogallala||I-76 exit 180.|
|US 138 east – Big Springs||Southern end of US 138 overlap|
|56.956||91.662||SH 11 to I-80|
|US 138 west – Ovid, Sterling||Northern end of US 138 overlap|
|||317.631||511.178||US 385 north||Nebraska state line|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- "Highway Data Explorer". Colorado Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on September 10, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
- Colorado State Highway Commission (1914). Third Biennial Report of the State Highway Commission of the State of Colorado (Report). Denver: Colorado State Highway Commission. pp. 54–55. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
- Colorado State Highway Commission (1916). Fourth Biennial Report of the State Highway Commission of the State of Colorado (Report). Denver: Colorado State Highway Commission. p. 66. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
- Colorado Department of Transportation, official highway maps: 1919, 1922, 1931, 1932, 1934, 1937, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1952, 1954, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1963, 1964, 1968, 1969.[full citation needed]
- Associated Cultural Resource Experts; Colorado Historical Society; Colorado Department of Transportation (2002). "Appendix C: Compiled Information, Colorado Highway System". Highways to the Sky (PDF). Littleton, CO: Associated Cultural Resource Experts. p. a-xxix. OCLC 68695471. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
- Colorado State Highway Department (July 1923). "New Map Showing the 8,880 Miles Which Comprise Colorado's Primary Highway System" (Map). Colorado Highways. Scale not given. Colorado State Highway Department. 2 (7): 12–13. OCLC 11880590. Retrieved November 18, 2013 – via Google Books.
- Rand McNally (1927). "Kansas" (Map). Junior Auto Road Map. Chicago: Rand McNally – via David Rumsey Historical Map Collection.
- Oklahoma Department of Transportation, official highway maps: 1953, 1954.[full citation needed]
- Colorado State Highway Department (1936). Baca County (Map). Denver: Colorado State Highway Department. Retrieved November 18, 2013. (reproduced as part of the 1940 Census)
- Colorado State Highway Department (1936). Prowers County (Map). Denver: Colorado State Highway Department. Retrieved November 18, 2013. (reproduced as part of the 1940 Census
- Colorado Department of Transportation (2012). Colorado (Map) (2012–2013 ed.). Denver: Colorado Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
- Felsburg, Holt & Ullevig (April 2002). Eastern Colorado Mobility Study (Report). Colorado Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
- "Senate Joint Resolution 04-032" (PDF). Colorado General Assembly. 2004. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
- Wilson & Associates (July 2007). High Plains Highway Corridor Development and Management Plan (Report). Colorado Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
- "New Highway 385 Signs Unveiled Last Week". Holyoke Enterprise. April 15, 2009. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to U.S. Route 385 in Colorado.|
- US 385 at Colorado Highways
|U.S. Route 385|