Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act

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The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967
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An Act to provide for the more effective prevention of certain unlawful activities of individuals and associations and for matters connected therewith.
Citation Act No. 37 of 1967
Territorial extent The whole of India
Enacted by Parliament of India
Date assented to 30 December 1967[1]
Amendments

1. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 1969 (24 of 1969).
2. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1972 (31 of 1972).
3. The Delegated Legislation Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1986 (4 of 1986).
4. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2004 (29 of 2004).

5. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2008 (35 of 2008).
Status: In force

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act is an Indian law aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India. Its main objective was to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India.[1]

The National Integration Council appointed a Committee on National Integration and Regionalisation to look into, the aspect of putting reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India. Pursuant to the acceptance of recommendations of the Committee, the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963 was enacted to impose, by law, reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India. In order to implement the provisions of 1963 Act, the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Bill was introduced in the Parliament.[2]

History[edit]

Pursuant to the acceptance by Government of a unanimous recommendation of the Committee on National Integration and Regionalism appointed by the National Integration Council, the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963, was enacted empowering Parliament to impose, by law, reasonable restrictions in the interests of sovereignty and integrity of India, on the:

  1. Freedom of Speech and Expression;
  2. Right to Assemble peaceably and without arms; and
  3. Right to Form Associations or Unions.

The object of this bill was to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India. The bill was passed by both the Houses of Parliament and received the assent of the President on 30 December 1967. The Amending Acts are as follows:

  1. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 1969;
  2. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1972;
  3. The Delegated Legislation Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1986;
  4. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2004,
  5. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2008
  6. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2012[3]

This last Amendment was enacted after POTA was withdrawn by the Parliament. However, in the Amendment Act in 2004, most of provisions of POTA were re-incorporated. In 2008, after Mumbai attacks, it was further strengthened. The most recent amendment has been done in 2012. According to the statement of objects and reasons, the Bill amends the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 to make it more effective in preventing unlawful activities, and meet commitments made at the Financial Action Task Force (an intergovernmental organisation to combat money laundering and terrorism financing).[4]

Notable arrests made under the act[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "UAPA, 1967 at NIA.gov.in" (PDF). NIA. Retrieved 28 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act" (PDF). Nia.gov.in. 
  3. ^ "The Unlawful Activities Prevention (Amendment) Act, 2012" (PDF). http://indiacode.nic.in. Government of India. Retrieved Jan 11, 2017.  External link in |website= (help)
  4. ^ "PRS | Bill Track | The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2011". www.prsindia.org. Retrieved 2016-08-15. 
  5. ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/indiahome/indianews/article-2121814/Kobad-Ghandy-let-terror-charge-police-error.html
  6. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Who-is-Mehdi-Masroor-Biswas/articleshow/45501624.cms

External links[edit]