USNS Laramie (T-AO-203)
USNS Laramie (T-AO-203)
|Namesake:||The Laramie River in Colorado and Wyoming|
|Ordered:||24 March 1989|
|Builder:||Avondale Shipyard, Inc., New Orleans, Louisiana|
|Laid down:||10 January 1994|
|Launched:||6 May 1995|
|In service:||7 May 1996-present|
|Status:||In active Military Sealift Command service|
|Class and type:||Henry J. Kaiser-class fleet replenishment oiler|
|Type:||Fleet replenishment oiler|
|Length:||677 ft (206 m)|
|Beam:||97 ft 5 in (29.69 m)|
|Draft:||35 ft (11 m) maximum|
|Propulsion:||Two medium-speed Colt-Pielstick PC4-2/2 10V-570 diesel engines, two shafts, controllable-pitch propellers|
|Speed:||20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)|
|Complement:||103 (18 civilian officers, 1 U.S. Navy officer, 64 merchant seamen, 20 U.S. Navy enlisted personnel)|
|Aviation facilities:||Helicopter landing platform|
Laramie, the seventeenth ship of the Henry J. Kaiser class, was laid down at Avondale Shipyard, Inc., at New Orleans, Louisiana, on 10 January 1994 and launched on 6 May 1995. She was one of only three of the eighteen Henry J. Kaiser-class ships—the other two being USNS Patuxent (T-AO-201) and USNS Rappahannock (T-AO-204)—to be built with a double bottom in order to meet the requirements of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. Hull separation is 6 feet (1.8 m) at the sides and 6 feet 6 inches (1.98 m) on the bottom, reducing her liquid cargo capacity by about 21,000 barrels (3,300 m3) from that of the 15 ships of her class without a double bottom.
Laramie entered non-commissioned U.S. Navy service under the control of the Military Sealift Command with a primarily civilian crew on 7 May 1996, the last of the eighteen Henry J. Kaiser-class ships to enter service. She serves in the United States Atlantic Fleet.
The Henry J. Kaiser-class oilers were preceded by the shorter Cimarron-class fleet replenishment oilers. Laramie has an overall length of 206.5 metres (677 ft 6 in). It has a beam of 29.7 metres (97 ft) and a draft of 11 metres (36 ft). The oiler has a displacement of 41,353 tonnes (40,700 long tons; 45,584 short tons) at full load. It has a capacity of 159,000 imperial barrels (26,000,000 l; 5,700,000 imp gal; 6,900,000 US gal) of aviation fuel or fuel oil. It can carry a dry load of 690 square metres (7,400 sq ft) and can refrigerate 128 pallets of food. The ship is powered by two 10 PC4.2 V 570 Colt-Pielstick diesel engines that drive two shafts; this gives a power of 25.6 megawatts (34,800 PS; 34,300 shp).
The Henry J. Kaiser-class oilers have maximum speeds of 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph). They were built without armaments but can be fitted with close-in weapon systems. The ship has a helicopter platform but not any maintenance facilities. It is fitted with five fuelling stations; these can fill two ships at the same time and the ship is capable of pumping 900,000 US gallons (3,400,000 l; 750,000 imp gal) of diesel or 540,000 US gallons (2,000,000 l; 450,000 imp gal) of jet fuel per hour. It has a complement of eighty-nine civilians (nineteen officers), twenty-nine spare crew, and six United States Navy crew.
- This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to USNS Laramie (T-AO-203).|
- NavSource Online: Service Ship Photo Archive: USNS Laramie (T-AO-203)
- USNS Laramie (T-AO-203)
- Wildenberg, Thomas (1996). Gray Steel and Black Oil: Fast Tankers and Replenishment at Sea in the U.S. Navy, 1912-1995. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. Retrieved 2009-04-28.