USNS Medgar Evers (T-AKE-13)

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USNS Medgar Evers on Firth of Clyde.jpg
Medgar Evers on the Firth of Clyde, 2018
History
NamesakeMedgar Evers
BuilderNational Steel and Shipbuilding
Laid down26 October 2010
Launched29 October 2011
Sponsored byMyrlie Evers-Williams
Christened12 November 2011
In service24 April 2012
Identification
StatusActive service
BadgeUSNS Medgar Evers T-AKE-13 Crest.png
General characteristics
Class and type Lewis and Clark-class dry cargo ship
Tonnage
  • Gross 43,758
  • Net 13,127
Displacement
  • 25,254 metric tons light
  • 44,776 metric tons fully loaded
Length689 ft (210 m)
Beam106 ft (32 m)
Draft32 ft (10 m) maximum
Installed power4 x Fairbanks Morse/MAN 48/60 diesel generators
Propulsion
  • 2 x 11,262 HP Alstom electric motors
  • 1 fixed pitch propeller
Speed20 kn (37 km/h)
Range14,000 nmi (26,000 km) at 20 kn (37 km/h)
Capacity
  • Max dry cargo weight: 6,675 short tons (6,055 t)
  • Max cargo fuel volume: 1,048,300 US gal (3,968 m3)
Complement49 military, 123 civilian
Aircraft carried2 × helicopters, Sikorsky MH-60S Seahawk or equivalent
Aviation facilities1 helipad, 2 hangars

USNS Medgar Evers (T-AKE-13) is a Lewis and Clark-class dry cargo ship of the United States Navy. As part of the Navy's Combat Logistics Force, her mission is to deliver ammunition, provisions, dry stores, refrigerated food, spare parts, potable water, and diesel and jet fuel to U.S. Navy and allied ships while at sea.

Construction and characteristics[edit]

National Steel and Shipbuilding Company (NASSCO) was awarded a detailed design and construction contract for the Lewis and Clark class in October 2001. It received a follow-on contract for the final two ships in the class, including Medger Evers, in 2010.[1] Medgar Evers was the thirteenth ship of the class built by NASSCO at its San Diego shipyard. Construction began in April 2010 and her keel was laid on 26 October 2010. Gina Buzby, wife of Rear Admiral Mark Buzby, Military Sealift Command commander, was the keel-laying ceremony honoree.[2]

Myrlie Evers speaking at USNS Medgar Evers' christening ceremony

Medgar Evers was launched on 29 October 2011.[3] She was christened on 12 November 2011 by Evers' widow, Myrlie Evers-Williams. The ceremony was attended by Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus, Admiral Buzby, Rear Admiral David H. Lewis, and Reena Denise Evers-Everette, Medger Evers' daughter.[4] Military Sealift Command accepted delivery of Medgar Evers on 24 April 2012.[5]

Both the hull and superstructure of Medgar Evers are constructed of welded steel plate. Her hull has a double bottom to comply with anti-pollution laws. The ship is 689 feet (210 m) long, with a beam of 106 feet (32 m), and a fully-loaded draft of 32 feet (9.8 m). Her light displacement is 25,254 metric tons, and fully loaded the ship displaces 44,776 metric tons. Her construction meets American Bureau of Shipping standards and is periodically inspected by the United States Coast Guard.[6][7] The ship's gross registered tonnage is 43,758, and her net tonnage is 13,127.[8]

While Medgar Evers is, for the most part, built to commercial standards, she exceeds American Bureau of Shipping requirements in a number of areas which would be important for operation in hostile environments. These include an advanced degaussing system, chemical agent detection, enhanced fire-fighting capabilities, emergency power and communications systems, and an acoustic torpedo deception device.[9][10] She has space and weight reservations in her design for self-defense weapons systems, should they be required in the future.

The ship can cruise at 20 knots. She is propelled by a single five-bladed, fixed-pitch propeller, which is driven by two Alstom electric motors each producing 11,262 brake horsepower. Electric power for the motors and the rest of the ship is generated by four Fairbanks Morse/MAN 48/60 diesel generators which can produce up to 35.7 MW. She has a bow thruster to improve maneuverability.[11][8]

Medger Evers' fuel tanks have a capacity of 4,801.1 cubic metres (1,268,300 US gal) of diesel fuel.[8] She has an unrefueled range of 14,000 nautical miles at 20 knots.[12]

Her five cargo tanks can hold up to 3,968.1 cubic metres (1,048,300 US gal) of diesel fuel for ships or JP-5 jet fuel for planes, or a combination of the two commodities. She also has a cargo tank for potable water which can hold up to 201 cubic metres (53,000 US gal).[8]

Her two main cargo holds can accommodate a total of 6,675 short tons of dry goods in 591,555 cubic feet. Her main refrigerated cargo hold stores 1,716 short tons of food in 140,000 cubic feet. In addition, the ship has numerous specialty storage areas for a wide variety of materials needed by the fleet. Spare parts is the largest category, but the ship also has storage areas for medical supplies, fuzes, primers, and detonators, pyrotechnics, flammable liquids, mail, and other materials. These specialty storage areas include 208,357 cubic feet. In addition to the storage areas, the ship has several open areas to allow for material handling. There are eight elevators aboard to move cargo from the holds to the main deck or flight deck, from whence they can be transferred to other ships.[8][11][13]

USNS Medgar Evers transferring ordinance to USS Theodore Roosevelt by connected and vertical replenishment

Medgar Evers has three dry cargo and one liquid cargo connected-replenishment ("conrep") stations on each side allowing her to supply ships on either side or both sides simultaneously. She has four cranes for loading and unloading while in port.[12]

The ship has a helicopter landing pad on her stern and hangar capacity for two embarked helicopters. These are used for vertical replenishment ("vertrep"), moving goods from Medgar Evers to other ships by helicopter.[12]

Medger Evers has a civilian, unionized, crew of US Coast Guard-licensed mariners.[14] In addition, she supports a detachment of active-duty military personnel, which focus on communications and supply. When helicopters are embarked, additional Navy personnel sail with the ship.[15] Her accommodations can house up to 197 personnel. Although her crew varies depending on her activities, a normal complement is 123 civilian mariners and 49 naval personnel, including a helicopter detachment.[8]

The ship is named after World War II veteran and civil rights activist Medgar Evers (1925–63). The Navy announced the naming on 9 October 2009.[16]

Operating history[edit]

In 2013 Medgar Evers participated in Operation Atalanta, supporting U.S. and allied warships on anti-piracy patrol in the Gulf of Aden.[17]

Medgar Evers participated in Exercise Joint Warrior, a large NATO training exercise in the North Atlantic, in 2015,[18] 2017,[19] 2019,[15] and 2020.[20]

In 2015 the ship supported the U.S. Southern Command's annual humanitarian mission, Operation Continuing Promise.[21]

The ship supported Operation Inherent Resolve, an effort to combat ISIS, in Middle East waters in 2016 and 2018.[22][23]

USNS Medger Evers delivering supplies to USS Ross in 2020

Medgar Evers has supported a number of Composite Training Unit Exercises, when she worked with a carrier strike group or an amphibious readiness group to prepare for overseas deployment. She played this role with the USS Bataan readiness group in 2013,[24] the USS George H. W. Bush strike group in 2016,[21] and the USS Dwight D. Eisenhower strike group in 2021.[25]

On 25 February 2019, Medger Evers deployed to the Mediterranean. On this occasion she sailed with two Sikorsky MH-60S Seahawk helicopters of Sea Combat Squadron 22 to support vertical replenishment operations. During this mission she took part in three Sixth Fleet training exercises including Joint Warrior 2019, Formidable Shield 2019, and Baltic Operations 2019.[15]

Medgar Evers spent the last four months of 2020 in the Mediterranean. She conducted 31 underway replenishments with US Sixth Fleet and allied naval ships.[26] These supplied 3.6 million gallons of diesel fuel, and 980 pallets of dry goods to U.S., French, Greek, Italian, Spanish, and Royal Navy warships.[27] She participated in Joint Warrior 2020 and supported a new Royal Navy carrier strike group based on HMS Queen Elizabeth.[20]

Medger Evers earned the MSC "E" for excellence award in 2020 and 2021.[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Navy receives USNS Medgar Evers". www.naval-technology.com. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  2. ^ "General Dynamics NASSCO Lays Keel of Future USNS Medgar Evers (T-AKE 13)". PR Newswire (Press release). General Dynamics NASSCO. 26 October 2010.
  3. ^ "Newest MSC T-AKE-Class Ship USNS Medgar Evers Christened in San Diego". The Maritime Executive. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  4. ^ USNS Medgar Evers USNS Medgar Evers (T-AKE 13) Christening Ceremony (PDF). NASSCO. 2011.
  5. ^ "MSC Accepts T-AKE Class Ship USNS Medgar Evers". MarineLink. 24 April 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  6. ^ "Military Sealift Command". www.google.com. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  7. ^ "USNS Medgar Evers". USCG Maritime Information Page. U.S. Coast Guard. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  8. ^ a b c d e f TRIM AND STABILITY BOOKLET FOR USNS MEDGAR EVERS (T-AKE 13) (PDF). American Bureau of Shipping. 2015.
  9. ^ Standifer, Cid (2010). "Chemical detection system not yet installed: Lewis and Clark-Class Advanced Degaussing System Still Needs Testing". Inside the Navy. 23 (4): 3–3. ISSN 2164-8190.
  10. ^ Bishnoi, Rati (2007). "NAVY OFFICIALS NEGOTIATING NEXT LEWIS-AND-CLARK-CLASS SHIP CONTRACT". Inside the Pentagon. 23 (4): 3–4. ISSN 2164-814X.
  11. ^ a b "Dry Cargo/Ammunition Ships T-AKE". www.navy.mil. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  12. ^ a b c "Dry Cargo / Ammunition Ship, Lewis and Clark (T-AKE-1) Class" (PDF). General Dynamics.
  13. ^ "SeaPower - January 2019 | PDF | United States Navy | United States Department Of Defense". Scribd. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  14. ^ "USNS Medgar Evers deploys for the Mediterranean". 13newsnow.com. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  15. ^ a b c "USNS Medgar Evers Deploys to U.S. Sixth Fleet". MyBaseGuide. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  16. ^ "Ship: Appropriate honor for Evers". Clarion-Ledger. 18 October 2009.
  17. ^ "HNLMS De Ruyter Refuels At Sea From USNS Medgar Evers | Eunavfor". Retrieved 6 August 2021.
  18. ^ "Vicksburg, HSM Dets Complete Joint Warrior". Gainesville Sun. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  19. ^ "USNS Medgar Evers (T-AKE 13)". www.navysite.de. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  20. ^ a b "VIDEO: HMS Queen Elizabeth Strike Group Assembles". USNI News. 5 October 2020. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  21. ^ a b "Dry Cargo/Ammunition Ship". www.navsource.org. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  22. ^ "Cargo Crew". dod.defense.gov. Retrieved 6 August 2021.
  23. ^ "USNS Medgar Evers operations". DVIDS. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  24. ^ "Composite Training Unit Exercise". DVIDS. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  25. ^ "Bloodline Ships Provide Sea-based Logistics during the Navy's COMPTUEX". DVIDS. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  26. ^ "USNS Medgar Evers coming home in time for Christmas". 13newsnow.com. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  27. ^ "Just in time for Christmas: 100 Mission Essential Civil Service Mariners, USNS Medgar Evers return to Norfolk". DVIDS. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  28. ^ "Medgar Evers Wins MSC's "E" Award Two Years Running". DVIDS. Retrieved 28 July 2021.