|Builder:||North Carolina Shipbuilding Company, Wilmington, North Carolina|
|Laid down:||25 August 1943|
|Launched:||1 November 1943|
|Acquired:||22 February 1944|
|Commissioned:||9 October 1944|
|Decommissioned:||30 June 1949|
|Recommissioned:||31 January 1951|
|Decommissioned:||31 October 1969|
|Struck:||30 July 1976|
|Fate:||Sold for scrap, 1 December 1977|
|Class and type:||Mount McKinley-class amphibious command ship|
|Displacement:||7,240 long tons (7,356 t)|
|Length:||459 ft 2 in (139.95 m)|
|Beam:||63 ft (19 m)|
|Draft:||24 ft (7.3 m)|
|Speed:||16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)|
|Armament:||1 × 5 in (127 mm)/38 caliber gun|
She was designed as an amphibious force flagship, a floating command post with advanced communications equipment and extensive combat information spaces to be used by the amphibious forces commander and landing force commander during large-scale operations.
Construction and career
Estes was launched on 1 November 1943 at the North Carolina Shipbuilding Company in Wilmington, North Carolina, as Morning Star. The ship was acquired by the Navy on 22 February 1944 and commissioned on 9 October 1944, with Commander R. O. Mathews in command.
On 20 November 1944, Estes arrived at Pearl Harbor from Naval Station Norfolk, and after training, broke the flag of Rear Admiral William H. P. Blandy, Commander, Amphibious Group One. She sailed from Pearl Harbor on 10 January 1945 for rehearsal landings in the Marianas, and on 16 February arrived off Iwo Jima. As flagship for TF 52, Estes served as control center for the pre-invasion bombardment, and the work of underwater demolition teams preparing the beaches for the assault. She remained off the island through the landings of 19 February, receiving wounded and supplying and repairing small craft. She arrived at Ulithi on 11 March to make final preparations for the Okinawa assault.
Again flagship for TF 52, the amphibious support force, Estes was off Okinawa on 24 March 1945. She landed an underwater demolition group, then sailed with the bombardment group, directing the pre-invasion pounding of the beaches and Japanese strong points. Using information gained from her contacts with the radar picket destroyers, she controlled aircraft carrier planes protecting the vast concentration of shipping assembled for the assault on 1 April. After almost a month off the bitterly contested island, she sailed on 20 April to replenish at Saipan and carry Admiral Blandy to Pearl Harbor, where he and his staff disembarked on 19 May.
Estes continued to San Francisco for overhaul, and equipment installation designed to make her even more effective. On 20 July, she embarked Rear Admiral R. O. Davis, Commander, Amphibious Group 13, and on 8 August sailed for the Philippines. She arrived at Leyte on 28 August for occupation duty, coordinating the lifting of troops from the Philippines to Japan. After cruising widely in the Philippines on this duty, Estes sailed for Shanghai, and upon her arrival on 7 November, broke the flag of Admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid, Commander, 7th Fleet. Before she had completed her tour of occupation duty along the Chinese coast, for part of which she was homeported at Tsingtao, she served as flagship for three succeeding commanders of the 7th Fleet, Vice Admiral Daniel E. Barbey, Admiral Charles M. Cooke, and Admiral Oscar C. Badger.
In June 1946, Estes became flagship for Naval Forces, Western Pacific, and continued to cruise between Tsingtao and Hong Kong, aside from a 1947 overhaul at Bremerton, until 29 January 1949, when she departed Tsingtao for San Francisco. Arriving on 16 February, she lay at San Francisco and San Diego until her decommissioning at Hunter's Point, San Francisco and being placed in reserve on 30 June 1949.
Estes was recommissioned on 31 January 1951, and after training off San Diego, sailed on 20 June for Yokosuka and Inchon, where from 25 July to 6 August, she served as flagship for Vice Admiral I. N. Kiland, Commander, Amphibious Force, Pacific. She carried successive Commanders, Amphibious Group One, through the remainder of this tour of duty in the Far East, during which she operated off Korea and in exercises off Japan.
With Rear Admiral F.S. Withington, USN, Commander Amphibious Group 3 and Commander Task Force 9, embarked, Estes left San Diego on 6 July 1953, setting course for Kodiak, Alaska. This time, the purpose of "Operation Blue Nose," as it was called, was to resupply government installations—the "Dew Line"—in the far north. Estes arrived at Kodiak one week out of San Diego. Proceeding north, the personnel of TF 9 were officially inducted into the "Honorary Order of the Arctic" as "Blue Noses" when the force crossed the Arctic Circle on 19 July. While at anchor at Icy Cape, Estes received news that a truce had been signed in Korea. Continuing north to Wainwright on 31 July, Estes pressed on to Point Barrow the following day. At anchor off Point Barrow, Estes fell temporary victim to a shift in the wind which allowed pack ice to move inshore, immobilizing the ship for the better part of a week. The icebreaker USCGC Northwind freed Estes, and the transports Electra and Skagit, from the icy confines of the anchorage. The resupply mission complete, Estes set course for her home port of San Diego on 9 August.
Between January and May 1954, she again sailed for atomic weapons tests at Eniwetok, and on 6 July cleared for the Far East. As control ship for "Operation Passage to Freedom", the evacuation of refugees from Communist North Vietnam, Estes operated from Haiphong from 18 August to 29 October. Between 6 and 11 February 1955 she aided the evacuation of the Tachen Islands resulting from the Taiwan Strait Crisis.
Estes returned to San Diego on 22 May 1955. She operated out of there for the next year. Between March and July 1956, she was again in the Marshalls for weapons tests, and on 31 January 1957 sailed for Yokosuka, where she provided quarters and communications facilities until April, sailing then to visit Hong Kong. She returned to stateside duty on 15 May, voyaging to Pearl Harbor in July and August.
The next year found Estes sailing north in July to ports in British Columbia, and again in August to call at Seattle. During her 1959 tour of duty in the Far East she directed important amphibious operations off Japan, Okinawa, and Korea, and exercises off Borneo with ships of the Royal Navy and Royal New Zealand Navy.
She returned to San Diego in August, and through 1962 operated along the west coast, twice visiting the Pacific Northwest.
Estes was deployed to Vietnam between June to October 1965, August 1966 to January 1967, February to July 1968 and, finally, from August to September 1969. She received the Meritorious Unit Commendation for operations in Vietnam in January 1967.
On 31 October 1969, Estes was decommissioned for the final time.
- Meritorious Unit Commendation
- Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with two battle stars
- World War II Victory Medal
- Navy Occupation Medal
- China Service Medal
- National Defense Service Medal with one star
- Korean Service Medal with two battle stars
- Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
- Vietnam Service Medal with six campaign stars
- United Nations Korea Medal
- Philippine Liberation Medal
- Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation - 2 awards
- Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal
- Republic of Korea War Service Medal
- Since there is no mountain peak nor national park in Colorado named "Estes", this is unlikely, although official <http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/e5/estes.htm>. An alternative source of the name is "for the mountain range in Colorado near Estes Park", found at http://www.ussestes.org/ShipInfo/History.htm . However, the range near Estes Park is the Front Range; there is no mountain range named "Estes" in Colorado either.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.