USS Farquhar (DE-139)
|Namesake:||Norman von Heldreich Farquhar|
|Builder:||Consolidated Steel Corporation, Orange, Texas|
|Laid down:||14 December 1942|
|Launched:||13 February 1943|
|Commissioned:||5 August 1943|
|Decommissioned:||14 June 1946|
|Struck:||1 October 1972|
|1 battle star for World War II service|
|Fate:||Sold 21 March 1974, scrapped|
|Class and type:||Edsall-class destroyer escort|
|Length:||306 feet (93.27 m)|
|Beam:||36.58 feet (11.15 m)|
|Draft:||10.42 full load feet (3.18 m)|
|Speed:||21 knots (39 km/h)|
|Complement:||8 officers, 201 enlisted|
USS Farquhar (DE-139) was an Edsall-class destroyer escort built for the U.S. Navy during World War II. She served in the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean and provided destroyer escort protection against submarine and air attack for Navy vessels and convoys.
Farquhar (DE-139) was launched 13 February 1943 by Consolidated Steel Corp., Ltd., Orange, Texas; sponsored by Miss S. B. Carton, great-granddaughter of Admiral Farquhar; and commissioned 5 August 1943, Lieutenant Commander L. E. Rosenberg, USNR, in command.
World War II Atlantic Ocean operations
Farquhar arrived at Norfolk, Virginia, 3 October 1943, and next day sailed on the first of three convoy escort voyages to Casablanca. She returned from each to New York for replenishment and repairs before joining a new convoy at Norfolk. On 3 April 1944, she sailed for Casablanca once more, this time in a hunter-killer group formed around Core. The group guarded the passage of a convoy, hunting submarines in the general area through which the convoy sailed.
Rescuing survivors at sea
Returning to New York 9 June 1944, Farquhar trained in antisubmarine warfare at Bermuda with the Wake Island hunter-killer group, then sailed on the Casablanca convoy route once more. Homeward bound, on 2 August she went to the rescue of Fiske who had been torpedoed while away from the group searching for a previously sighted target, and arrived in time to rescue 186 survivors. These she took into Argentia, Newfoundland, for medical attention and clothing, then on to Boston, Massachusetts, where they were landed. In September, she began patrols and convoy escort duty in the South Atlantic with the Mission Bay hunter-killer group. She voyaged from Bahia, Brazil, to Dakar, French West Africa, and Cape Town, Union of South Africa, and during a submarine hunt off the Cape Verde Islands on 30 September, made a contact against which she and her sisters operated 6 days, finally sighting a large oil slick, but no other evidence of a sunken submarine.
Sinking German submarine U-881
During training exercises off Cuba in December 1944 Farquhar rescued 10 aviators from liferafts after their patrol bomber splashed, and while in Florida waters as plane guard for carriers conducting operations to qualify aviators, rescued a downed pilot 3 February 1945. She returned to Guantanamo Bay for training with the Mission Bay group later in February, and with it arrived at Argentia, Newfoundland, 3 April for hunter-killer operations in the North Atlantic. While bound for New York 6 May, she made a sonar contact, very close, early in the morning. Just 5 minutes after it was reported, she dropped 13 depth charges, set shallow, and both she and her sisters could make no further contact with the target. Post-war evaluation revealed that she had been the last American ship to sink a submarine in the Atlantic in World War II, sending U-881 to the bottom.
Farquhar prepared at Boston and Guantanamo Bay for duty in the Pacific, and arrived at Pearl Harbor 8 August 1945. Escort duty took her to Eniwetok 5 September, and on 10 September she sailed in company with USS Hyman to receive the surrender of Ponape. There she served as station ship for several months, then sailed from Kwajalein early in January 1946 for the east coast.
She was decommissioned and placed in reserve at Green Cove Springs, Florida, 14 June 1946.
Farquhar received one battle star for World War II service.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.